National Archives of Australia, Darwin Office
Series F68 Item A8
Correspondence in Relation to Aboriginals
NB This is not complete
Copyright P J Mackett, 2013
26. 2.1940 To Northern Territory Administration Alice Springs
Mentions Ruby, Tim, Rose, Left Hand peter
21. 5.1940 From Alice Springs to DNA Brisbane
Sandy White, a Queensland Aboriginal, is employed as a tracker at Barrow Creek.
30.12.1937 From Alice Springs to Constable Muldoon Barrow Creek
Lionel Brown has paid money to the credit of his late
aboriginal employee Ned Charcoal.
29. 1.1941 From Aborigines Department Adelaide to Alice Springs
Report from Ernabella regarding the alleged murder of Lalili,
a South Australian native.
2. 2.1941 To Aborigines Protection Board Adelaide
Alleged murder of Lolly Legs otherwise Lullalitchie by Herbert James Kitto
and Patrick Owen De Conlay, both of Mt Cavanagh Station.
17. 5.1940 From Police Station Finke to Alice Springs
Mentions Tracker Mick Doolan.
18. 4.1940 From Lynda Vale Station to Police Finke
Natives sheep killing are Wongurr Kenty, Big Boomerang, Little Boomerang,
.... ...., Warra m....., Inatpar and twoothers. Also .... .
9. 5.1940 From Lynda Vale Station to Police Finke
Further trouble with blacks. Mentions Gordon Perkins and Jack Pettit.
6. 5.1940 From Lynda Vale Station to Police Finke
Mentions half-caste Gordon Perkins being attacked by natives including
Billy Goat Mick, Boomerang, Percy. Also mentions Wonguree, Kenty and
Boomerang. Also Jack Pettit.
24.10.1940 From Ernabella Mission to Alice Springs
An old man, Fred, and his son, Tommie, are being sent to Alice Springs
for medical treatment.
1.10.1940 From Alice Springs to Police Arltunga
Female abo's Nellie and Marjorie to be sent to Alice Springs.
22. 9.1940 From Police Arltunga to Alice Springs
Paddy and his daughters Nellie and Marjorie at the ration camp.
Paddy is ill and awaiting transport to Hospital. Nellie and
Marjorie are sisters to the native Wallaby who was recently
convicted of assault in Alice Springs. Nellie is about 19 years old
and Marjorie is about 14 years old.
31.10.1940 From Police Barrow Creek to Alice Springs
Attached are statements taken from Aboriginals Bean-tree and Alice.
Lubra Eileen has suddenly disappeared from the district. I am informed
that with her mother she has gone to hatches Creek.
Attached is letter from Mrs Donald Ross stating she had made a mistake
about Donald. Wants the matter dropped.
31.10.1940 From Lorna Ross at Neutral Junction Stn to Police Barrow Creek
Letter from Mrs Donald Ross stating she had made a mistake
about Donald. Wants the matter dropped.
31.10.1940 Various people mentioned in Lorna's complaint against Donald.
Alice Hayes, daughter of George Hayes H/C and Mompey F/B,
was recently living with a boy named Ben but now living
Eileen until recently kept company with her sister Weeda but is
now running around with Alice. Weeda recently had a child.
Tracker Sandy White and his lubra Miriam
6. 9.1937 From / To Police Alice Springs
Missionary Weston of Tennant Creek picked up aboriginals Major,
Paddy and another.
22. 2.1934 From Police Alice Springs to CPA Alice Springs
Tommy Madden and another inmate of the Half-caste Institution in
Alice Springs were found in town at 9.30pm.
17. 1.1934 From Police Alice Springs to T Cleary Banka Banka Stn
Return of Ned's saddle in good repair.
22. 8.1933 From Innamincka Stn to Protector Alice Springs
Forms signed by Duncan Tennant as requested.
Undated Handwritten note
See Ted Dixon re Milton Liddle.
17. 3.1933 From Police Alice Springs to CPA Adelaide
Re Trust Fund Money Owing
Amy Ford, c/o Mrs Scammell, The Hut, Blinman S.A.
Annie Giles, c/o Mrs Martin, Martinburgh, Mount Barker S.A.
Undated Form of Agreement with Aboriginal or Half-caste
Edward Dixon agreement with Milton Liddle for 12 months
starting 1. 1.1930
31. 8.1933 From Police to Administrator Stuart
Re Treatment of Aborigines at Aileron Station
Various statements mention
Blossom, Louie, Laughing Jack, Jimmy, Paddy, Long Tom and
Cubberdee a shepherd.
Mentions L Scrymgeour who worked for about 3 years at Aileron
and dismissed because he caused trouble with the aborigines.
Now lives with a full blood aboriginal and she has two half-caste
children to him.
17. 8.1933 From Half-caste Institution Alice Springs to Police Alice Springs
Eileen Briscoe H/C is being returned from Charlotte Waters.
20. 7.1933 From Mtd Const Lynch, Granites to Police Stuart
Murder of Aboriginal Tommy by Aboriginal Billy at Tanami.
Billy believed to be mamber of the party that killed Stewart years ago.
7. 5.1929 To Department Home Affairs Canberra
Payment to Trust Fund for Amy Ford.
28. 3.1933 From / To Police Stuart
Actor Mahomet states that Pompey (Aboriginal) was working for
Ahmeed Khan of Maree for two years. Also mentions Ackoar Khan.
9. 8.1933 From / To Police Stuart
Mr Gill, owner of Doctors Stones Station, informed that George, a 3/4C
Aboriginal child, had died there on 6. 8.1933. He was about 4 years
of age and son of Ruby, a half-caste woman who died at Gill's about
one month ago, and Aboriginal Mick.
3. 8.1933 Recognizance
Ernest Eugene Kramer to return Aboriginal Andy within 12 months.
Made at Henbury Stn.
29. 7.1933 From Police Stuart to Administrator Stuart
Enquiry from CPA about two girls brought to Adelaide by the late Dr Basedow
Girls were Chickinna from Hermannsburg and Andella Minnie from Horseshoe Bend
and brought to Adelaide about 13 years ago. No Agreements. They are now both
over 20 years of age.
2. 7.1933 From half-caste Institution Stuart to Police Stuart
Re jacky King @ Jacky Cooper 3/4C
To Sgt Lovegrove
This Aboriginal has for some months now been apparently looking for
a wife, and as he is a three quarter Aboriginal, he has received no
encouragement to come to this Institution.
Maybe you will remember my mentioning him to you some months ago
as becoming more or less a nuisance, also that he was trying to get
Melba Palmer to marry him.
He came up here today with Dido Cooper, Norman Bray and Jean Smith
(Mrs Dutchy) and later on Emily Gordon arrived from Mrs D D Smiths.
Emily Gordon informed Mrs Freeman that Jacky Cooper or King was worring
her to marry him, also gave Mrs Freeman his letter proposing
marriage, which is now in my possession.
This girl does NOT want anything to do with him, nor does Melba
Palmer, anyway Emily Gordon is far too young to contemplate marrying.
I have told this young man to keep away from all these young girls,
and I now hear he is going to try for Topsy Glynn, at Mrs Glass,
or Myrtle McDonald.
This boy has been taking Emily, Topsy and Myrtle to Mr Kramers
church, and coming home with them.
Admittedly these girls are three quarter black as well, but they are
far too good for this man, and at present too young to marry.
(hand written - They could marry Half-Castes)
I do not consider that it is the thing for a man of this description
to be worrying these gorls, and should you agree with me, I would be
pleased if you would watch out to see that he does not have
anything more to do with them.
He apparently lives on 'his means' as I have not heard of him working
since he came from the South to the Alice.
When Dido Cooper was at 'The Jay' he was always writing to her for
I may also mention that he endeavoured to get a wife from the
Mission. He would be a good deal better off if he endeavoured to get
some work to do out of the Township.
He is living with Stormy Campbell.
(Handwritten - I also hear that this man has left a native woman
and child down South, with whom he was living.
G K Freeman
Superintendent, Half-caste Institution
19. 6.1933 From Mrs C O Daenke Mypolonga to Mr Lovegrove
Re Maggie Plenty's freedom. Was 21 years on 28th February.
10. 6.1933 From Protector of Aboriginals Alice Springs to Meidad of Alice Spring, Hawker
You are hereby granted authority to remove the following Aboriginals in your
employment as a Camel Hawker, from Alice Springs to the Barclay Tablelands
and return - namely Billy and Willie.
11. 5.1933 From CPA Adelaide to CPA Stuart
Apart from thieving behaviour of Joan Turner is satisfactory.
18. 3.1933 Report on Joan Turner
Employed by Miss A M Meth of Victoria Street Henly Beach
Age 13 years, religion Congregational.
A good home and the child seems happy and contented and kindly
treated by the family.
8. 8.1933 From Police Barrow Creek to Police Alice Springs
Hetty Tillmouth who has been employed by Mrs Muldoon will be leaving here
tomorrow, accompanied by Miss Diana Underwood, for Alice Springs. Hetty
will report to the Superintendent of the Half-caste Home.
17. 5.1933 Receipt for goods received by Archie (Abo) from Underwood Bros.
store, Alice Springs
19. 4.1933 From Police Innamincka Station
Duncan Tennant was employed on Cowarie Station. If he is over 21 years
of age he may apply for his freedom.
24. 3.1933 From Mt Peake Station to Alice Springs
Wages for Tommy Brawn.
.1933 Telegram from Horseshoe Bend
Dick at Maryvale with prisioner's lubras. Prisioners tracks on Palmer Creek
100 miles west of here.
17. 2.1933 Telegram to Sgt Lovegrove
Reported Conway again working at Hotel
25. 1.1933 Telegram
Report incorrect. Alick Conway 3/4 Aboriginal aged about nineteen was
employed Kilgariff around store hotel and attending horses.
8. 3.1933 From Insepctor-General of Hospitals Office Adealide to Alice Springs
Re Aboriginal Peter, Mental Defective
He was transported to the Enfield receiving House, South Australia
on June 1932.
1. 3.1933 Police Station Stuart
Statement by Ruby alias Num-bala. Mentions
Jack, her deceased husband
Fred Davis, murdered Jack
9. 2.1933 From Police Barrow Creek to Police Stuart
Sending Aboriginal Mick to Alice Springs for medical examination.
Possibly affected by venereal disease.
6. 2.1933 Telegram from Henly Beach S.A. to Alice Springs
Would you allow me to get exemption from school for last six months
Joan Turner's school time.
17. 4.1932 From Mr Downing Gordon Downs Station W.A.
Peter and Dick, who are working here, came to the station early in 1929
for work. R B Stafford's complaint about them being forced to stay here
26.12.1932 From Maryvale Station to Police Alice Springs
A niger known as Jimmy Gilbert who was with Mr W H Smith the drover
states that he (the niger) has an issue of clothes due to him.
Jimmy Gilbert states he was to get this issue at Christmas but as
he is working for us he was unable to collect the goods from you
at Alice Springs.
8.12.1932 Telegram from Alice Springs to W F Hartley Lister House North terrace Adelaide
Permission granted return Topsey care responsible party.
23. 9.1937 From Police Hatches Creek to Alice Springs
Leslie not entitled to wages from Mr L Bailey.
12. 1.1943 From Alice Springs to Alice Springs
Aboriginal Archie arrested on 31.12.1942 for larceny.
NB. The following is written as it appears in the documents.
30. 6.1932 To Chief Protector of Aboriginals Alice Springs
Quarterly Return ending 30. 6.1932 Depot Alice Springs
Date Names Remarks
4. 4 6 short Ration Rice children
Blind W. & Baby From Bon Springs
9. 4 Moulta & Eraka From Hbg Mission
9 old folks From Owen Springs
19. 4 7 old folks & sick Medical attention
24. 4 Sunday no ration Given by Drs perm
25. 4 10 woman call Vaseline & other M
8 m & W. call Medical & Ration
28. 4 Missed Ration Rice children
2. 5 5 going West
4. 5 2 sick woman Medical help
9. 5 3 woman sick Medical help
16. 5 4 m & w sick Medical help
17. 5 7 children
26. 5 5 woman Medical help
30. 5 6 from B. Springs rice for Children
1. 6 3 woman 1 man
8. 6 6 sick Call
15. 6 3 sick Call
16. 6 Victoria R, Mick with injured Leg
23. 6 3 Woman sick
27. 6 Joe & Ronald
28. 6 Kate Reda & Co
30. 6 5 sick Callers
Moulta & Charlie
28.11.1933 From Superintendent of Police Darwin to Sgt Lovegrove Alice Springs
Arrange transport for three half-caste children from Tennants Creek
to Alice Springs, namely
Jack, 5 yrs
Lorna, 3 yrs
John Bull, 5 yrs
The mothers of these children are Topsy (Yubanillie) and
Note added by Sgt Lovegrove - also transported were
H/C female aged 6 yrs, mother Topsy
Amy H/C female aged 3 yrs, mother Rosy
15. 6.1932 From Donald Campbell Mt Peake to Deputy Protector Alice Springs
Ivy Brown has given every satisfaction.
8. 6.1932 From CPA Adelaide to CPA Alice Springs
Cheque for Elsie Raggitt, half-caste girl from Alice Springs
in the employ of Mrs K C Kenney.
15. 7.1932 Statement by D Cole of Tempe Downs signed at Hermannsburg.
On saturday June 20 my wife (nee Clara Cameron) gave birth to a
little girl. The health of the baby at birth appeared normal. It
was born at Tempe Downs. About a week after the birth of the child
the mother took ill with a severe cold, a kind of influenza. Two
days later the baby also took ill with cold from which it never
recovered. It died on saturday July 2nd. It was interred by me
the following morning. I reported the death to Dr Brown of Alice
Springs. We did all we could to try to save its life. We intended
to take it to the Mission, but it was too sick to be moved per camels.
23. 5.1932 To Deputy Chief Protector of Aborigines Alice Springs
Distribution of Blankets, Galatea, Shirt and Pants
Depot Alice Springs
1 Walberara K.
2 Caroline, new born infant
3 Naljerinye P.
4 Leulbmara K.
5 J. Nalala
6 J. Gnunarinye
7 P. Iwunyaka
8 Blind Dick
9 C. Tebetarinye
10 A. Motoka
11 L. Quitumba
12 Iwukera Charlie
13 George Nancy, with infant
14 Nancy Kurka, with child
15 Lizzy Alalora
16 Lielka M.
17 Urigita P.
18 Topea and child
19 Witchedy Tom
19 Lilly Nackara
20 Tory Ungara
21 J. Kunga
22 Tims Ruby, widow with 3 children
23 J. Lamb
26 Ungwera Magie
27 J. Rolta
28 Andy Ndoraletjal
29 Lotty Billys S.
30 Dolly Blind
32 Wulatja J.
33 Maia, 3 children
34 Jinnie H/C, with infant
35 Packhorse G.
36 Port Augasta J.
37 Billy Alea
38 Jackara Cripple
40 Standly W.S.
41 Wagon Jack
42 Tom Brown W.S.
43 Burke H/C
44 L. Bob
45 H. margarinye
48 ?fg. George
49 J. Njala
50 A. Gwalurgeraka
51 Witchedy Tom No 2
52 J. Tjilpa
53 J. Jalka
54 Hc Mick, sick
55 Frank Half Blind
56 Jack Pony
57 Fany Quieir
59 Lady Nunagata, blind
61 J. Rolta
62 Biddy Andulla
63 Topsy Aleumba
66 Antia Anty
67 L. Quietumba
68 L. Nalaluliga
69 J. Aratata
70 H/C Wombia, w/sick Husband
71 Jimm Aramga
72 Nelly Urknanteuka
73 Polly Uluqarinte
74 Terarinye J. (in ink Cockaljara)
75 Short Bob (in ink ......ye)
76 Res, Mick (in ink Lulu)
Sergeant J C Lovegrove entrusted me with
12 pr Pants
the which I distributed as stated above, the Galatea issued is from
my local Depot, the Natives were well pleased with these nessesarys &
the Mayority have gone Bush on Walkabout, Quite happy;
I am Sir Yours faithfully
Ernest E Kramer
honrary Protector of Aborigines
Missionary Aborigines Friends Assn.
14. 4.1932 Quarterly Return Ending 31. 3.1932 Depot Alice Springs
Depot Alice Springs Ernest E Kramer, hon Protector A.F.A.
Sir, herewith I furnish return of Rations etc issued during the Quater
Date Names Remarks
1. 1 Sandy
2. 1 Lamb, and Fany Condis etc
Wallis J. T.B. case
Rita w/ child Birth 1 girl
Tnata & Njala
4. 1 Lamb, Fany & J. Going Bush
13 Woman Arranged with
7 Men Special Sgt Lovegrove
Jinnie & Larry C.M. & Pills
8. 1 Teralgaia & child
9. 1 Antaia
10. 1 4 old & sick from Junction Waterhole
Kitty & 2 children husband Mick died, at A.S.
15. 1 Motoka & Lady Liniment & C.M.
16. 1 Fany
17. 1 Utnea & Lotty & Tilly
Lamb & Terarinyee Camped at Junction
18. 1 Fany go Bush
Teralgaia & Ruby sick Coopertown
A? Jack & Allen sick Coopertown
19. 1 Kang. B. & Jinnie Convalescent from Bush
Kate & J. Lamb
25. 1 Reda, Wallis &
Bruno From Junction
Medical Purposes for Coughmixtures
Tulinya, Emuna, sick
Marie E. & Ruby from the South RLY. L.
26. 1 Lamb & Utnea
Charlie & Lady sick give Med.
27. 1 Loty, Fany & Tjalo
Wombia, Ato & Molly
28. 1 short B. & Wotaua
H/C Alex & Lamb sick in Camp
29. 1 Lilly Randa Cripple
31. 1 Kate Reda
Mcoll Micky Sick touch of Sun
3. 2 woman old no rations received
9. 2 Billy A. & Jack T.
J. Angaia & L. blind
10. 2 Jinnie Rolta
15. 2 Weeler & Tnatata
Lady & Minnie & C.
16. 2 Untnea & Mirtle one going B. Ck.
S. Bob & Terarinye
19. 2 Teralgaia
20. 2 Lotty & Jinnie st. from
& Utnea, Cakatjara Bon Springs
Leulbmara L. &
Gnarinye & Ltargnarinye do
24. 2 Rita w/ 4 children Husband in Gaol
5 old women sickly weak
Bob & Wombia & child
2. 3 J. Terarenye from Bon Spr.
Fany & Maladay w/baby 1R1 thread
J. Lamb & Gunataka
Antaia A. & Fany Q.
8. 3 Lamb & Gunataka bl.
11. 3 Bob, Rosy, Wungaratta from Bon Spr.
14. 3 19 woman & old children mostly no Tea & Sg.
21. 5 5 woman & 2 children
Moulta & Eraka S. Bob hungry from Hbg Miss.
25. 3 7 old woman 4minus Flour R.
30. 3 5 old men & 1 sick Boy Tjacala died
7 old woman
Omitted in February A/C
1. 2 Wallis J. & S. Bob Wallis died T.B. B. Sp.
5 old woman & sick
4 woman fr. Undoolya
3. 2 6 woman Camp hungry
3 men one sick
During the 3 Months I had 168 Callers for medical Helps & distributed
free bottles & Tins, also other necessary Remedy, besides the faithfull
dispensing of those Benefits provided by YOU, as Salts, Pills, C-Oil,
Eye Water, Eucalyptus & Vaseline.
Shepherd Mick died in Januarym was buried by Natives
Wallis J. died in February T.B. was buried by Natives B. Springs
Tjacala Mick died in March T.B. was Buried i/4by me
Well Sinkers Rations
4. 1.1932 Burke & Helpers
Paddy paid off
11. 1.1932 Weekly Ration
18. 1.1932 Weekly Ration
25. 1.1932 Weekly Ration
1. 2.1932 Weekly Ration
8. 2.1932 Weekly Ration
Harry Forrester leave
15. 2.1932 Weekly Ration
Staldley abo start
22. 2.1932 Weekly Ration
29. 2.1932 Weekly Ration
7. 3.1932 Weekly Ration
14. 3.1932 Weekly Ration
21. 3.1932 Weekly Ration
28. 3.1932 Weekly Ration
Progress of Well Sinking
The two Half Caste men had a fight thus Harry Forrester left the work.
Bruce Perkins was then in charge of the shooting & has now lowered the
Shaft, with the help of 3 Aboriginals.
the writer volunteered to Assist the Department, to attend this issue; being
in intimate knowledge of the scattered deserving cases, Actg Seargeant Muldoon
handed me 90 Blankets on the 2/ April - I am herewith enclosing the Names of
those who received also a list of further deserving applicants, which I shall
take pleasure to distribute, when made available.
Assuring You of my carefull attention to every detail, to the best of my Power
I remail Sir, Yours Faithfully
Ernest E Kramer
11. 4.1932 To deputy Chief Protector Alice Springs
Sir, Please note List of Successfull Applicants for 90 Blanketts as distributed
by me on Saturday the 2nd of April 1932.
2 Marg. Harry
3 Terar. J.
4 B. Angaia
5 S. Bob
6 Algna G.
7 W. Tom
8 J. Jeramba
9 J. Angna
10 Pony J.
11 Wagon J.
12 C. Amp
13 Cob E.
14 Tim Und.
15 C. Arara
17 J. Njala
19 Lotty Bs.
20 Larry B.
21 M. Kaljerb.
23 J. Tjaka
24 P. Mac.
25 J. Arata
28 B. Ngura
31 J. Tjilpa
32 L. Randa
33 J. Ulbarin
34 J. Injeral
36 B. Jaml
37 M. Rordar
38 G. Yeram
40 Bugy Bugy
43 B. Urabuny
44 Burke W.S.
45 T. Brown
47 Tims Ne.
48 J. Kumi
50 Rose C.
55 L. Alea
56 Mora L.
58 L. Tankarin
59 F. Quiei
60 S. Anga.
61 J. Kanggar
62 N. Ararka
63 Mary Ilur.
64 Tangar M.
65 R. Apma
67 S. Angarin
68 J. Lamb
70 J. Wotaua
71 R. Quirun.
72 N. Quie
73 J. Njia
74 P. Angnar.
76 R. Wotaua
77 A. Anty
78 T. Brd
79 R. Jantg.
80 Y. Ungwal.
81 K. Liener
82 C. Undola
84 P. Ung
85 P. Yakoba
88 M. Tumma
89 Mabel C.
90 Luritja J.
Further Applicants are as under,
2 Walbeara K.
5 J. Nalala
6 J. Gnunarinye
7 P. Iwunjaka
9 Aldinga J.?
10 Blind Dick
11 C. Tebetarinye
13 L. Quitumba
14 Iwurkna C.
15 Eliza ?
16 Nancy Kurka
17 Nancy G.P.
18 L. Alaora
20 Lielka Owemn
21 Urigita P.
22 J. Rolta
25 Amara M.
26 om. R. Kamara
27 W. Tom
28 L. Nackara
30 Tanara T.
31 Tanara T.
32 A. Lumbarin
33 Rub Tangar
34 T. Nugara
35 Kathelin K.
36 K. Illurka
37 M. Bungart?
38 J. Kunga
40 Ungwera M.
41 Monaka 4 ch.
42 Tory H/C
43 Jean Colly w / baby
44 Tommy Colly
45 Mick Abel
46 J. Jackara
Birth in Camp
A Half Caste girl who has grown up in the Camp, the Youngest daughter of
Moraia Collie H/C by the name of Jean Collie aged 17 has given birth to
a Boy on thursday the 5th of April, this Girl is being given in marriage
to one Fullblood Aboriginal names Paddy Stuart with whom she claimed to
have lived for some time, this was arranged by the Mother and Foster Father
under the Native Code.
Ernest E Kramer
6. 8.1932 From United Aborigines Mission Bonney Well to Protector of Aborigines
Sister Annie ... has three half caste children in her care.
Leah Cumming 1/2 sister to Dolly Cumming now in the Bungalow. She is
10 years old as far as can be told.
Polly Wagenshaw is a girl of 12 years and 8 months according to those
who know her.
Aleck Simpson a boy of 6 years old.
Also mentions Molly, a full blood girl married to a young man on Mr Curtis
Station and her two younger sisters.
Also Johnnie a full blood boy who has gone to Tennant Creek to his brother.
29. 8.1932 From Police Station Stuart to M C cameron Barrow Creek
Frank Butler is en route to Bonney Well to take delivery of cattle whick
will be overlanded to Todmorden Station S.A.. he has in his employ two
aboriginals Button and Bunganna.