Maintenance of Part-Aboriginal children in other States


National Archives of Australia Maintenance of Part-Aboriginal children in other States F1 1950/421 Copyright P J Mackett 2021 30.11.1948 Quadroon children at the Church of England Home for Children, Brighton, Victoria The following two children were sent to the Institution Eva McRae, born 15. 5.1936 Shirley Stirling, born 4. 2.1937 The school only takes children as far as the 6th Grade. 17. 4.1951 Church of England Homes for Children Brighton to Native Affairs Darwin Dear Sir l am sending this report of Eva McRae, & Shirely Stirling. Eva has left school and is going to begin dressmaking in June or early July. She will then live at the Hostel,whioh is in the same grounds as the Children's Home. Eva is by nature rather sullen and we have found her very deceitful. She does not like house work, is good at Physioal Culture but does not like the work of practicing. Eva does like sewing and should do well ,but will need strict supervision in her leisure hours. Eva was not good at school, she spent 2 years in the sixth Grade and only went up to the seventh grade to save her feeling embarrassed with the younger children. She is slightly deaf owing to Mastoid operations in 1947, otherwise her general health is very good. Shirley is still at the Technical School, she is not very advanced at her school work, last year her position in Class was 18th in a class of 25. Her average mark was 59% Her report : Shirley has shown marked improvement and am pleased with work she is doing.l950 This year Shirley was very sick with Gastric Flu and therefore missed 7 weeks of schooling, 3 weeks ill and 4 weeks in the country. We are happy to say she is much better now. She is by nature the opposite to Eva, always very bright and loves helping the little ones, is a great favorite with the children. Shirley loves Physical Culture and is good at it. At the moment her one ambition is to be on the Staff at the Children's Home, if her English improved she may write stories in the future, as she loves telling them to the Children. She also is a deceitful lass, will come and say how sorry she is, but will do the same thing again, nearly always it is her desire to help others that leads her into trouble. Shirley has always been a very effectionate lass and we hope as she grows older her deceitfulness will cease. I am enclosing a Photo of Shirley and Eva taken after the Competitions last year. Yours sincerely Sister Superior 20.11.1951 From Acting Director of Native Affairs to Government Secretary Aborigines and Part-aborigines Maintained in Other States. I refer to His Honour the Administrator's minute of 5th November, 195l, and submit hereunder the particulars requested :- St. Francis House, Semaphore, South Australia: Twenty part-aboriginal male children. Maintenance 15/- per week plus £l0.0.0 per boy for winter-clothing. An amount of £772.9.ll was paid for the financial year 1950/51. Church of England Home for Children, Brighton, Victoria. Shirley Stirling, quadroon, born 4th February, 1957, maintenance 7/6 per week. Eva McRae, quadroon, born 15th May, 1936. 7/6 per week maintenance was paid to 13th August, 1951, when Eva commenced employment as a beginner with Milburn & Company, Dressmakers. She received £2.14.9 per week as wages. Methodist Womens' Welfare Department, South Australia. Evelyn Martin, quadroon, born 21st May, 1939. Maintenance 7/6 per week. St. Gabriel's School for Deaf Boys, Castle Hill, New South Wales. Wilfrid McLennan, part-aborigine, born 6th March, 1941. Maintenance 25/— per week. Parkside Mental Hiospital, South Australia. Desmond Tilmouth, part-aborigine, born llth November, 1943. Maintenance £2.2.0 per week. 31. 7.1952 From the Administrator to Secretary of Territories Canberra (Only sections with names extracted.) Church of England Home for Children, Brighton, Victoria. Shirley Stirling, quadroon, born 4th February, 1957, Eva McRae, quadroon, born 15th May, 1936. Methodist Womens' Welfare Department, South Australia. Evelyn Martin, quadroon, born 21st May, 1939. St. Gabriel's School for Deaf Boys, Castle Hill, New South Wales. Wilfrid McLennan, a deaf and dumb part aboriginal, born 6th March, 1941, entered St Gabriel's School on the 6th October 1949. The school offers specialised care and training for deaf children, which is not available in the Northern Territory. Parkside Mental Hiospital, South Australia. Desmond Tilmouth, part aboriginal, born llth November, 1943, was certified as a mental defective by two qualified medical practitioners under the provision of the Mental Defectives Ordinance 1940-1941, and was admitted to the Parkside Mental Home on 11th August 1950. Maintenance £2.2.0 per week. 22. 8.1952 From the Administrator to Secretary of Territories Canberra (Not relevant paragraphs omitted.) Eva McRae: Born 15th May, 1936, and is the daughter of a halfcaste named Maggie and a European named Doug McRae. The whereabouts of the parents is not known. She was admitted to the Halfcaste Institution at Alice Springs, but the date of admittence is not contained in records. Shirley Stirling : Born 4th February, 1937, and is the daughter of Hilda Stirling, halfcaste, and Tom Jackson, European. She, too, was admitted to the Alice Springs Halfcaste lnstitution, but I cannot ascertain the exact date of entry. The whereabouts of the parents is not known. Evelyn Martin: Is the daughter of halfcaste Mary Martin and an un—named European. She was born on 21st April, 1939. She was considered by the Director of Native Affairs to be a neglected child and removed to the Halfcaste Institution. On the 28th August, 1941, the mother, Mary Martin, gave her written consent for the child to be placed in the care of the Methodist Women's Welfare Department, South Australia, whence she was transferred on the 10th September, 1941, and placed in the Brighton Babies' home in South Australia for a short period. She was then given into the custody of a family residing in Richmond, South Australia, where she remained for approximately nine years. From that home she was transferred to the care of a family residing at Cryatal Brook in South Auatralia, and is now attending Merriton Public School. In reply to your specific questions regarding the three girls, it appears that Eva McRae and Shirley Stirling were orphans, or at least children abandoned by their parents, and were placed in a southern institution as an experiment which was prompted by the Department's suggestion regarding octoroon children, and that Evelyn Martin was removed with the agreement of the mother. There is no doubt that they could have been maintained in an institution of the Northern Territory, but in view of the early age at which these children left the Territory I feel certain that they will have completely forgotten their aboriginal ancestry and should be readily assimilated into the southern community. 28.11.1952 From native Affairs Alice Springs to Darwin Further to my memorandum of the 21st November 1952, the following particulars are given regarding the ages and names of girls selected by Arch-Deacon Smith :- Margaret Campbell, born 12. 5.1942, Grade 5 Muriel Joyce Garrett, born 19. 7.1939, Grade 7 Laurel Heath Marie Bourke, born 21.12.1939, Grade 6 Wendy Heather Bourke, born 8. 1.1941, Grade 5 Valerie Stokes, born 10. 3.1943, Grade 4 If the scheme is approved, it will only be possible to transfer 4 children, which means that one of the above will have to be eliminated. 12. 1.1953 From District Superintendent to Darwin Following are selected Margaret Campbell, born 12. 5.1942, Grade 5 Muriel Joyce Garrett, born 19. 7.1939, Grade 7 Valerie Stokes, born 10. 3.1943, Grade 4 Daphne Lorraine Sultan, born 6.10.1940, Grade 7 10. 4.1953 From Administrator to Secretary Canberra Parents will help with support for the girls. Mrs Campbell in respect of Margaret Mrs Garrett in respect of Muriel Mrs Stokes in respect of Valerie Father of Daphne Sultan
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