Residences for half-castes - Alice Springs (1943-1954)


National Archives of Australia Public Works - Northern Territory Residences for half-castes - Alice Springs (1943-1954) A518 AH241/6/6 1943 - 1954 Residences for half-castes - Alice Springs circa 1952 House No. 1 Tenancy Agreement signed 16th July, 1948 by Donald Stokes. Occupant Donald Stokes Daisy Pearce (defacto wife) Ross Pearce, 9 years, at school Kevin Pearce, 8 years, at school Donald Pearce, 5 years Dennie Pearce, 3 years William Stokes, 6 months Joker Pearce, brother of Daisy, camps there as well Donald Stokes exempt - 8th June, 1940 Daisy Pearce unexempt Joker Pearce exempt - 25th June, 1947 Donald Stokes employed by Department of Works on award wages. Joker Pearce employed by Department of Works. 2 adult males 1 adult female 5 male children House No. 2 Tenancy agreement not signed by present occupant. House let to Alec Turner, but his mother Hetty Perkins is responsible for rent, etc. Occupant Mrs Hetty Perkins Rita Perkins Michael Perkins aged 10 months May Perkins Neville Perkins aged 11 months Donald Turner, son of Hetty Perkins employed by Department of Works Hetty Perkins exempt - 20th December, 1950 Rita Perkins, unexempt May Perkins, unexempt Don Turner, unexempt Hetty Perkins employed Underdowns Cafe receives 8 pound per week May Perkins employed Underdowne Cafe receives 5 pound per week Rita Perkins unemployed Don Turner on award wages 3 adult females 1 adult male 2 male children House No, 3 Tenancy agreement signed by G Bray - 1st October, 1949 Occupants George Bray ) legally married Nancy Bray ) William Bray, 5 years Georgina Bray, 3 years Lloyd Bray, 2 years George Gregory Bray, 5 months Felix Scobie ) Jeffrey Cummings ) Boarders Billy Ryan ) George Bray, unexempt Nancy Bray, unexempt Felix Scobie, unexempt Jeffrey Cummings, unexempt Billy Ryan, exempt - 14th March, 1952 George Bray employed by Department of Works on award wages 4 adult males 1 adult female 3 male children 1 female child House No. 4 Tenancy agreement signed by Mrs Mary Bray, 31st August, 1951. Occupants Mrs Mary Bray Ollie Bray Eric Bray, 7 years, at school Jessie Bray Russell Bray, 2 years Janice Bray, 6 months Hilda Bray, Health Department Lawrence Bray, Commonwealth Railways Ronnie Bray, 9 years, at school Don Ferguson ) legally married Elsie Ferguson ) Dennis Ferguson, 9 years, at school Maurice Ferguson, 5 years Diana Ferguson, 3 years Ray Ferguson, 1 year Noel Baxter, 12 years, at school Mrs Mary Bray, exempt - 16th August, 1940 Ollie Bray, unexempt Jessie Bray, unexempt Hilda Bray, unexempt Lawrence Bray, unexempt Don Ferguson, unexempt Elsie Ferguson, unexempt Mrs Mary Bray receives a Widow's Pension Don Ferguson employed by Commonwealth Railways 5 adult females 2 adult males 7 male children 2 female children House No. 5 Tenancy agreement signed by Elsie Hayes, 24th August, 1945. Occupant Elsie Hayes Ronald Hayes, 13 years, at school Noel Hayes, 9 years, at school Barry Hayes, 8 years, at school Lorraine Hayes, 5 years Kenny Hayes 2 years Lorna Ansell Patricia Ansell, 4 years Colin Ansell, 3 years Derek Ansell, 2 years Emily Hayes Clifford Hayes, 11 months Elsie Hayes, unexempt Lorna Ansell, unexempt Emily Hayes, unexempt Elsie Hayes is unemployed but receives maintenance from her husband, Frank Hayes, employed by the Department of Works, Darwin. Lorna Ansell is unemployed - no maintenance received from her husband. Emily Hayes employed at Tea-Pot Inn, receives 7 pound per week. 3 adult females 7 male children 2 female children House No. 6 Tenancy agreement signed by Roy Tilmouth - 3rd August, 1951. Occupant Roy Tilmouth ) Defacto relationship Betty Nayda ) Leslie John Nayda, 9 years, at school Margaret Lorraine Nayda, 7 years, at school Ian John Nayda, 5 years Kenneth Raymond John Nayda, 4 years Harold, 2 1/2 years Lee Bruce Tilmouth, 5 months Roy Tilmouth, exempt - 7th February, 1946 Betty Nayda, unexempt Roy Tilmouth employed by Department of Works on award wages. Mrs Betty Nayda up for legal action for outstanding rental prior to commencing defacto relationship with Tilmouth. Twenty four pounds four shillings and 9 pence. 1 adult male 1 adult female 5 male children 1 female child House No. 7 Tenancy agreement signed by Stella Weetra, 7th February 1951. Occupancy Mrs Stella Weetra Thomas Maxwell Weetra, 8 years, at school Elizabeth Margaret Weetra, 5 years Jennifer Lorraine Weetra, 3 years Christine Joan Weetra, 1 year Jessie White Brian White, 5 years Robin White, 3 years Emily Furber Harold Furber, 4 months Stella Weetra, unexempt Jessie White, unexempt Emily Furber, unexempt Mrs Weetra employed as school cleaner on award wages. 3 adult females 4 male children 3 female children House No. 8 Tenancy agreement signed by Eva Palmer, 3rd March, 1951. Occupant Eva Palmer ) De facto relationship Peter (Nugget) Kopp ) Peter Palmer, 5 years Francis Palmer, 2 years Kathleen Palmer, 9 months Jean McDonald ) Being married on Francis Woodbury ) Friday 21/11/1952 Francis Woodbury, 5 months Eva Palmer, unexempt Peter Kopp exempt - 28th January, 1947 Jean McDonald unexempt Francis Woodbury European Rental, etc., paid by Peter Kopp, employed by Department of Works. This money is not deducted from Kopp's wages, he gives the money to Eva to pay to the Collector. Kopp receives award wages. Woodbury employed by C.O.R. also receives award wages and has recently been appointed to the permanent staff. 2 adult females 2 adult males 3 male children 1 female child House No. 9 Tennancy agreement signed by Julia Hughes, 6th January, 1950. Occupant Mrs Julia Hughes Reg. Hughes, 18 years Ron. Hughes, 12 years, at school Doreen Hughes, 9 years, at school Robert Hughes, 5 years Herbert Laughton, employed at Abattoirs Monty Swan, employed by Municipal Section Julia Hughes, unexempt Herbert Laughton, unexempt Monty Swan, unexempt Mrs Hughes receives house free of rent. She is up for legal action for rent 23 pounds 6 shillings and 4 pound nineteen shillings and 8 pence. Health Rates, prior to free rental being approved. 1 adult female 3 adult males 2 male children 1 female child House No. 10 Tenancy agreement signed by Mrs Ruby Tilmouth 20th April 1949. Occupant Mrs Ruby Tilmouth ) Defacto relationship Mr Frank Preece ) Elizabeth Tilmouth, 15 years Joan Tilmouth, 13 years Maureen Tilmouth, 9 years Colin Tilmouth, 6 years Richard Tilmouth, 5 years Helen Tilmouth, 2 years Patricia Preece, 7 months Ruby Tilmouth, unexempt Mr Preece European Preece employed by Department of Works on award wages. Preece provides the money to keep this family. 2 adult females 1 adult male 4 female children 2 male children House No. 11 Tenancy agreement signed by Norman Bray, 5th November 1946. Occupant Norman Bray ) Legally married Mrs Norman Bray ) Robert Bray, 5 years, at school Harry Bray, brother of Norman - unemployed Norman Bray, exempt 9th May 1946 Mrs Bray, unexempt Harry Bray, unexempt Norman Bray employed by Department of Works on award wages. Rental, etc., deducted from his wages by Department of Works. 2 adult males 1 adult female 1 male child House No. 12 Tenancy agreement signed by Henry Ford, 13th October 1948. Occupant Henry Ford ) Defacto relationship Daisy Roman ) Julie Roman, 14 years, at school Richard Roman, 12 years, at school Henry Ford, unexempt Daisy Roman, unexempt Henry Ford employed by Municipal Section on award wages. Rental, etc., deducted from wages by N.T. Administration. 1 adult male 1 adult female 1 male child 1 female child House No. 13 Tenancy agreement signed by J. Ah Kit, 21-12-1951. Occupant Jack Ah Kit ) Defacto relationship Daisy Hull ) June Hull, 7 years, school Veronica Hull, 5 years Jane Ah Kit, 3 years John Ah Kit, 2 years Irene Ah Kir, 1 year George Ah Kit Gordon Renfrey Henry Ah Kit ) Legally married Grace Ah Kit ) Michael Ah Kit, 5 years Grace Ah Fat ) Samuel Ah Fat, 7 years ) On holidays from Camooweal Thomas Ah Fat, 1 1/2 years ) J. Ah Kit Daisy Hull G. Ah Kit G. Renfrey H. Ah Kit G. Ah Kit, unexempt G. Ah Fat, unexempt J. Ah Kit employed by Dept. Works on award wages. Rental, etc., deducted from wages by Dept. Works. 4 adult males 3 adult females 4 female children 4 male children House No. 14 Tenancy agreement signed by Harold Thomas 12. 2.1951. Occupant Harold Thomas ) Legally married Sport Thomas ) Janet Pearce, 8 years, school Pamela Pearce, 6 years, school Harold Thomas, 5 years Lorraine Thomas, 4 years Gary Thomas, 3 years Merle Thomas, 1 year Patricia ) twins, 5 months Patrick ) Ronnie Pearce, Municipal Section Billy Goodall, Municipal Section Alec Conway Harold Thomas, exempt 18. 6.1946 Sport Thomas, unexempt Ronnie Pearce, unexempt Billy Goodall, exempt 7. 2.1951 Alex Conway, unexempt Harold Thomas employed by Municipal Section on award wages. Rental etc. deducted from wages by N.T. Administration. 4 adult males 1 adult female 5 female children 5 male children House No. 15 Tenancy agreement signed by Maggie Ross 24.10.1952. Occupant Harry Ross Maggie Ross Henry Ross Hank Brockhirzen Myra Hodgson Gerald Hodgson, 4 years Harry Ross, exempt 11. 9.1944 Maggie Ross, exempt 11. 9.1944 Henry Ross, exempt 7. 2.1946 Myra Hodgson, exempt 14. 3.1951 Harry Ross, old age pensioner Maggie Ross, casual employment Henry Ross, casual employment Hank Brockhirzen, unemployed Myra Hodgson, unemployed Brockhirzen claims to be of Philipimo extraction, not aboriginal. Maggie Ross pays thirty five shillings per fortnight, and has been keeping up payments. Henry Ross is up for legal action on the amount of Rent 108 pounds fourteen shillings and six pence up until his mother took over the tenancy agreement. He stays with her when he is in town. At present he is endeavouring to start mining activities at the Rumbalara ochre field. 3 adult males 2 adult females 1 male child House No. 16 Tenancy agreement signed by Mary Carter - 10th September 1951. Occupant Mr Clive Carter ) Legally married Mrs Mary Carter ) Frederick Carter, 3 years Janet Carter, 1 year Baden Goldsmith Clive Carter, European Mary Carter, unexempt Baden Goldsmith, unexempt Clive Carter and his wife are at present in Adelaide and the house is being cared for by her brother Baden Goldsmith. Clive Carter is employed by the Department of Works on award wages. Rental, etc., deducted from wages by Department of Works. 2 adult males 1 adult female 1 male child 1 female child House Number 17 Tenancy agreement signed by Donald Stuart, 7th June 1947. Occupant Donald Stuart ) Legally married Lena Stuart ) Robert Stuart, 19 years, Abattoirs Glorina Stuart, 17 years, Cavanaghs Cool Drink Factory Dulcie Stuart, 15 years, at school Edna Stuart, 14 years, at school May Stuart, 11 years, at school Doris Stuart, 10 years, at school Elaine Stuart, 4 years Lennie Stuart, 2 years Jack Ansell, unemployed Donald Stuart, exempt 22nd December 1937 Lena Stuart, unexempt Jack Ansell, exempt 12th May 1947 Don Stuart is employed by the Department of Works on award wages. Rental, etc., deducted from wages by Department of Works. 3 adult males 2 adult females 5 female children 1 male child House No. 18 Tenancy agreement signed by R.S. Muir on 10th June 1950. Occupant R.S. Muir ) Legally married D. Muir ) Shirley Muir Arthur Muir Henry Furber ) Defacto relationship Ruby Hayes ) Caroline Hayes, 4 years John Hayes, 7 months R.S. Muir, European Dolly Muir, unexempt Henry Furber, exempt 20th October 1950 Ruby Hayes, unexempt Muir is now working on Anningie Station. 2 adult males 2 adult females 2 male children 2 female children House No. 19 Tenancy agreement signed by E.D. Caust 5th May 1947. Occupant Edgar D. Caust Winnie Caust Joan Winnen, employed Stuart Arms Hotel Jean Muir, 9 years, at school E.D. Caust, European Winnie Caust, unexempt Joan Winnen, exempt 24th January 1951 Mr Caist is employed by the Department of Works. Rental, etc., deducted from wages by Department of Works. 1 adult male 2 adult females 1 female child House No. 20 Tenancy agreement signed by Clara Stokes on 5th June 1947. Occupant Mrs Clara Stokes ) Defacto relationship Dan Kennedy ) Beryl Stokes, 17 years Donald Peckham, 9 months Maureen Stokes, 15 years Valerie Stokes, 9 years, at school Eunice Kennedy, 3 years Freddie Trindle, 18 years, Municipal Section Clara Stokes, unexempt Dan Kennedy, exempt 31st March 1937 Freddie Trindle, unuxempt Dan Kennedy is employed by the Department of Works on award wages. Rental, etc., deducted from wages by Department of Works. 3 adult females 2 adult males 2 female children 1 male child House Number 21 Tenancy agreement signed by Elsie Hopkins on 10th January 1948. Occupant Elsie Hopkins (At Hatches Creek at the moment) Jock Cassidy ) Defacto relationship Gladys Sultan ) Fabienne Sultan, 1 1/2 years Elsie Hopkins, exempt 3rd January 1951 Jock Cassidy, exempt 26th April 1950 Gladys Sultan, exempt 7th March 1951 Jock Cassidy is employed by the Department of Works on award wages. Cassidy is paying the Health rates and electricity but not the rent. Normal residents 2 adult females 1 adult male 1 female child House No. 22 Tenancy agreemant signed by Jessie Neal 23rd January 1951. Occupant Jack Neale ) Legally married Jessie Neale ) John Neale, 5 years Jennifer Neale, 2 years Jack Neale, exempt 7th February 1946 Jessie Neale, unexempt Jack Neale is employed by the Department of Works on award wages. Neale has only recently joined Department of Works. Now has rental, etc., deducted from Wages. 1 adult male 1 adult female 1 male child 1 female child House Number 23 Tenancy agreement signed by T.W. Madden on 14th November 1951. Occupant Ruby Turner ) Defacto relationship Tommy Madden ) Joyce Turner, 6 years, at school Jane Madden, 3 years Freddie McCoy ) Defacto relationship Doreen Sultan ) Albert McMasters ) Defacto relationship Loretta Sultan ) Ruby Turner, unexempt Tommy Madden, exempt 28th February 1946 Fred McCoy, unexempt Doreen Sultan, unexempt Albert McMasters, exempt 25th February 1946 Loretta Sultan, exempt 28th March 1951 Tommy Madden contract fencing on Lucy Creek Station. McCoy works at Abattoirs McMaster works for Department of Works 3 adult females 3 adult males 2 female children House No. 24 Tenancy agreement signed by Tilly Miller 11th November 1946. Occupant Lou Miller Tilley Miller June Miller, 8 years, school Eileen, 7 years, school David, 5 years, school Sandra, 4 years Beverly, 1 1/2 years Marilyn, 3 weeks Lou Miller, European Tilley Miller, exempt 4th April 1951 Lou Miller runs his own carrying business. Miller is a bad payer and recently the N.T. Administration had to recover some money by deducting it from an account that was owing to Miller for Government carting. 1 adult Male 1 adult female 5 female children 1 male child _______________________________________________________________________ Administrator Alice Springs, N.T. 21st September 1944 The Secretary Department of the Interior Canberra A.C.T. WORKERS HOUSING SCHEME: ALICE SPRINGS: RESIDENCES FOR HALFCASTES AND OTHERS ........... Page 3 Housing of Half-caste People: Inspection of dwellings occupied by the half- caste peoples within the Health area of Alice Springs revealed that these peoples are housed under extremely bad conditions, and that hygiene and sanitation are practically unknown. It is believed that His Honour the Administrator was cognizant with this fact and had caused the Commonwealth Government to set aside a sum of money to build suitable dwellings for these halfcaste peoples: also, that plansof suitable dwellings had been prepared. It will be seen from deplorable conditions of living instanced below that early priority should be given the home building project. (a) Sub-normal Dwellings Sub-normal dwellings situated in that area of land between Todd Street and Leichhardt Terrace, extending from Parsons Street to the Abattoir. All are roughly improvised. 1. Mrs Smith. Small galvanised iron shack. Occupied by 4 adults and 6 children. 2. Mrs Stewart. Small tent, dimensions approx. 6' x 8'. Occupied by 2 adults and 6 children. 3. Mrs Tilmouth. Tent and small iron dwelling. Occupied by 2 adults and 5 children. 4. Mrs Satour. Iron dwelling. Occupied by 3 adults. 5. Mrs Campbell. Small iron dwelling. Occupied by 2 adults and 8 children. 6. Mrs Tucker. Small iron dwelling. Occupied by 3 adults. 7. Mr Crosby. Rough bag dwelling dimensions 13' by 12'. Occupied by 2 adults and 5 children. 8. Mr Little. Iron hut - 2 rooms. Occupied by 4 adults and 2 children. 9. Mrs Le Rossingnol, Mrs Cubillo and others. Iron hut roughly sub-divided. Occupied by 5 adults and 9 children. C L A Abbott Administrator. ........................... LIST OF ALICE SPRINGS RESIDENTS LIVING IN SUB_NORMAL HOUSES Alice Springs Mrs E Walsh - H/C. Employed by J Lackman 5 Mr H Crombie - Wife H/C. Employed by Department of the Interior 4 Mr T Hampton - H/C himself. Employed by D of I 5 F Hayes - H/C himself. Employed by D of I. 3 D Ross - H/C himself. Stockman employed at Barrow Creek. 6 W Tilmouth - H/C himself. Employed by G Brandt. 7 B Ply - H/C himself. Employed by N.T. Administration 4 Bill Tilmouth - H/C himself. Employed at Abattoir. 6 T Benson - H/C himself. Employed by Mrs McCrae. 4 L Purdy - Wife H/C. Labourer. 5 H Ross - H/C himself. Employed by N.T. Administration. 3 J Dean - Wife H/C. Drover. 3 Maggie Tilmouth - H/C. Domestic. 4 T Williams - H/C himself. Saddler. 5 Mrs Ali Mahomet - Indian. 3 Attak Mahomer ) Indians. In business. 2 Abdul Mudgee ) S Walker - H/C himself. Employed by N.T. Administration. 9 Mrs A Kunoth - H/C. Wife of Pastoralist. 4 W Satour - H/C. Employed by Commonwealth Railways. 6 P Tucker - H/C. Employed by Commonwealth Railways. 3 Mompy Khan - H/C Indian. Employed at Hatches Creek. 2 S Campbell - H/C. Employed by Wallis Fogarty Ltd. 12 A Pope - Wife H/C. Contractor. 5 Mrs Perkins - H/C. Employed by G Walton. 3 Mrs Dubois - H/C. Husband A.I.F.. 3 Mrs Geesing - H/C. Domestic. 3 Mrs Pick - H/C. Domestic. 4 J Shaw - Wife H/C. Employed at Hatches Creek. 3 D Stewart - H/C. Employed D. of I.. 5 H Crosby - Wife H/C. Employed D. of I.. 6 E Liddle - H/C. Husband A.I.F.. 5 Mrs Roberts - H/C. Husband employed Hatches Creek. 3 This makes a total of thirty two houses required to accomodate 145 people, all of whom are normal Alice Springs residents and can be reasonably expected to remain in the district after the War. Darwin J Agostini - Wife H/C. Employed by N.T. Administration. 6 N Ballard - Wife H/C. Employed by D. of I.. 7 H Peckham - Wife H/C. Employed by N.T. Administration. 7 N Hazelbane - H/C. Employed by Commonwealth Railways. 4 Mulwa Brown - H/C. Employed by N.T. Administration. 3 This makes a grand total of thirty-seven houses needed to house 172 people, although it is quite possible that some of the last five may elect to return to Darwin after the War. John H Driver For Chief Surveyor 21st September, 1944. _____________________________________________________________________ Memorandum to His Honour the Administrator 26th November 1952. Halfcaste Living Conditions in Alice Springs ..................................................... The Charles Bore North of the township on the site of the Charles Bore there resides Dick Palmer with his family group and a few others on an area held by Palmer under an occupation licence. In good years Palmer follows droving, but this year he has had a lean time and has recently returned from the mica fields awaiting a buyer. The camp consists of a shack of scrap iron occupied by Palmer, and a series of humpies from an old truck canopy down to a typical wurley in which other people live. There were twelve adults and eleven children in the group and represent five families requiring accomodation. Three boys from the camp attend the Alice Springs Higher Primary School, and three girls, granddaughters of Palmer, are inmates of St Mary's Hostel. Two other girls are of school age, but Palmer informed me he was trying to arrange for their admission to the Convent School next year. There is but one sanitary convenience in the area - a pan type lavatory built by Palmer, who pays health rates for a twice weekly clearance. The water supply is from an open well and water is pulled up in a two gallon can. The residents are a mixture of halfcaste, three quarter caste and full blood, with no idea of sanitation, and have but the barest essentials. Palmer's four adult sons were allegedly in employment around Alice Springs, but later during my stay I located one loafing on the banks of the Todd. Palmer possesses a very good droving plant and an old motor truck, but little else which would confornm to normal European standards or provide any comfort in life. Lutheran Mission Block This block is nominally in the care of a full blood evangelist, Martin, whose own living conditions are good, but he is unable to exercise any control over the other residents, who comprise four halfcastes and their families, and a varying number of itinerant natives visiting from areas under Hermannsburg influence. I counted twenty three of these itinerants, many of whom disappeared when an interest was shown in their activities. Whilst on the block they camp in humpies and the living conditions of the halfcastes are apalling. Bruce Fly, a halfcaste with a full blood wife, has six children. There were also two visitors. They reside in a 16' x 14' shack furnished only with five cyclone beds covered with filthy blankets. There is no provision for food storage and all cooking is done over an open fire. Fly receives award wages as a municipal employee. Jack Miller, a half-caste with a full blood wife and five children, lives in a 12' x 12' shack. Their only furniture is three beds and a few rough cupboards. However, this shack was reasonably clean, despite the deplorable standards. Miller works with the Municipal section. Anton Abbott, a halfcaste with a full blood wife, occupies a 12' x 12' shack furnished with four old beds and a few boxes. He is employed by the Municipal section. Bob Welsh, described as a pensioner, occupies a small hut but I was unable to contact him. Each of the miserable shacks has its own lavatory provided by the Lutheran Mission, but the occupiers pay their own health rates. Kenna's Block Mr L J Kenna is the owner of block No. 215 and, until recently, I am informed, he had an interest in blocks 220 and 221. On block 215, tucked away in one corner on the bank of the Todd, are three crude shacks occupied by Arnold Abbott, Jack Gillen and Jimmy Pound. Their water supply is from an open well and the water appeared muddy and possibly polluted. There is only one sanitary convenience for the group, which numbers approximately fifteen people. The women and children were absent at the time of my visit. The men claim to be itinerant workers, usually following droving or station work, but have recently arrived from the mica fields to await the mica buyer. On blocks 220 and 221, and actually in a disused pig sty, lives the Walker family and three children. Previously Walker was employed by the Sanitary Contractor and lived at the old Police Station. He left this employment and, according to Mrs Walker, could no longer reside at the Police Station. Anyhow, in her opinion, it was too far from town. Mrs Walker was the most slovenly of any of the people seen. Walker is now engaged in making concrete bricks. I offered alternative accomodation of a hut at the Bungalow, but only received loud abuse and the information politely conveyed, that the Walkers were not blackfellows. Adjacent in a dilapidated, disused stable, camps the eldest Walker girl, her defacto husband and two children. The offer of alternative accomodation was refused on grounds similar to those expressed by the mother. Nearby are three shacks on miscellaneous leases. Mrs Campbell and four children occupy a large tin building with an earth floor. Cleanliness was reasonable. Mrs Ada Baxter and two children have a small shack shared with a defacto European husband, at present appealing against a three months sentence for co-habiting. Conditions are extremely crude. Roy Benson, with his halfcaste wife and several children, are the next residents, but two visits to the place failed to locate anyone in residence. Not far distant is the Wauchope Tilmouth family, with seven children and Mrs Tilmouth's full blood mother. Tilmouth is working on a station and whilst the condition of the scrap iron shack is poor, Mrs Tilmouth gave me the impression that, given the opportunity, she could maintain a reasonable standard. One other family, the Dixons, were found residing in an aboriginal camp on the Bungalow Reserve. Dixon is a full blood, his wife a South Australian halfcaste. Three children were attending the Public School. A Bungalow hut was refused, but the family accepted a travel warrant to Port Augusta on the train leaving on 24th November, 1952. .............................................................. F H Moy Director of Native Affairs
__________________________________________________________________


Close