Narional Archives of Australia
Item 1949/393A Part 3
Patrol Officers Reports - All Patrol Officers 1949
Aboriginals (PI) Regulations Helen Springs Station 1950
Copyright P J Mackett, 2005
Helen Springs Station
13th July 1950
Acting District Superintendent
Native Affairs Branch
Aboriginals (Pastoral Industry) Regulations
Attached is my report on Helen Springs Station
under the Regulations, and the following :
(1) Amended list of Credits
(2) Employment of Aboriginals Return for the
half year ending 30. 6.1950
John E Bray
Aboriginals (Pastoral Industry) Regulations Helen Springs Station
Owner - Helen Springs, Willeroo and Manbulloo Ltd
Manager - Mr E G Nicholson
Area - 2014 square miles (including Monmoona
Leases - Nos. 419, 438
Situation - Bounded on the west and north by Newcastle
Waters Station, south to Banka Banka Station,
and east to Eva Downs Station. 420 miles
north of Alice Springs.
Licence - New Licence for 1950/1951 has
been applied for.
Inspection - 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th July 1950.
This report includes the following sections :-
(1) Nominal Roll as at 30th June 1950
(2) Credits in Trust Account of Station employees.
(3) Family Groups and Dependants.
(5) Accomodation for Employees
(6) Store Prices charged to Employees.
(1) Nominal Roll of Employees as at 30. 6.1950
Name Tribal Name Employed As
Donald Pard-an yunga Stockman
Jackson Men-bear-day Stockman
Jimmy Jubal-gurrie Stockman
David Narloongi Stockman
Robin Mungalala-goona General Hand
Bob Narra-wallum Stockman
Paddy (Warramunga) Stockman
Nelson Wai-tammin Stockboy
Rosie Bin-guinim Domestic
Dixie Milli-un dare Domestic
Biddy Julumbi Domestic
Norah Bill-kinn-da Domestic
Employed during period 1. 7.1949 and 30. 6.1950
Name Tribal Name Dates
Bobby 31. 7.1949 - 17. 4.1950
Riley Oramung (Wooda-wooda) 31. 7.1949 - 7. 1.1950
Mick Mudiyeri 23.11.1949 - 14. 1.1950
Tommy Naurong ? 28. 3.1950 - 9. 5.1950
Stephen 28. 3.1950 - 30. 3.1950
Rosie Yirunga (Manbulloo) 1.11.1949 - 1. 4.1950
(2) Credits in Trust Account
European Name Credit to 31.12.1949 Credit to 30. 6.1949 Credit in Station Books
Donald 18/1/2 12/5 8/8/5
Jackson 14/2/3 2/18/1 1/17/3
Jimmy 11/14/2 Nil 3/3/0
David 12/13/8 13/7 6/18/6
Robin 16/10/0 10/10 2/5/3
Bob 4/2 13/7 6/4/4
Paddy Nil Nil 11/5/7
Nelson 9/13/11 Nil 3/18/1
Rosie 13/3/4 4/10/0 6/0/0
Dixie 13/3/4 3/0/0 6/10/0
Biddy 9/17/6 3/7/6 4/10/0
Norah 9/17/6 1/16/6 6/7/6
Rosie (Manbulloo) 3/6/3 3/7/6 1/17/6
Bobby 12/15/2 Nil Nil
Riley 15/19/2 9/2 Debit 7/3
Mick Nil Nil Debit 2/15/2
Tommy 5/19/0 Nil Nil
Stephen Nil Nil 10/0
Note It will be noted that down to the line under 'Norah'
the employees mentioned above are still on the Station.
Therefore a cheque including the two Trust Account columns
totals, (129/1/0 plus 18/2/6 - Total 147/3/6), can be
forwarded to the Manager, Helen Springs Station, for payment
to the native employees.
Employees no longer on the Station
Rosie (Manbulloo) - This is really Rosie Yirunba, (the
subject of a separate report. She is reported to be in
Darwin Hospital as a suspected leper, and it is suggested
that this amount of 6/13/9 be held in the Trust Account
until she is definately located. The Manager of Helen Springs
has been requested to forward the credit in the Station
Books of 1/17/6 to the Trust Account.
Bobby - Known to Constable Stott. Bobby is reported
to be working at Scotts Cafe at Elliott. It is suggested
that Bobby's cheque for 12/15/2 be sent to Constable Stott
for payment to Bobby.
Riley Oramung - Is at present sitting down at Powell
Creek. It is suggested that his cheque for 16/8/4 be sent
as a separate cheque to the Manager, Helen Springs. A
message can then be sent to Riley to collect it at the Station
and identification will be positive.
Mick Mudiyeri - Left the Station with a debit of 2/15/2.
Tommy - No native name available. Reported to be at
Phillip Creek. Enquiries will be made there. It is suggessted
that his credit of 5/19/0 remain in the Trust Account for the
Method of Payment at the Station
Up to the present no cash payments have been made. Stores
and clothing as required have been debited to the employees
account. It will be noted that all the wmployees now on the
Station have substantial credits.
Representatives of Vesteys Ltd are against cash payments,
but as a compromise it has been suggested that a more varied
stock of articles suitable for purchase be carried, and 'sold'
ex Station store. This is already in effect, and a compre-
hensive list of required goods has been asked for. In addition
to more articles being available at the Station store, Mr
Nicholson proposes to take the employees on occasion to the
stores at Banka Banka, Elliott or Tennant Creek as convenient,
allowing them to make purchases for themselves, handling a
limited amount of money. Purchasing by the natives will be
done under his supervision and advice.
Using this method, the amount of credit now shortly
available to the employee is to be spread over a period of
two or three months so that at no period will they be handling
large subs of money, yet at the same time they will have the
satisfaction of now and again 'having money alonga finger'.
Any cash payments up to the 30. 6.1950 have been made in the
presence of Constable Stott of Newcastle Waters, who has
witnessed the payment and taken a thumb print. In the future
any cash payments made will be witnessed by a responsible
person and a thumb print affixed in a suitable station record
Direction Order No 1211 - This has been issued to
Mr E G Nicholson to cover payments to employees having
credits for the period 1. 7.1949 to 30. 6.1950.
Direction Order No 1212 - This has been issued to Mr
E G Nicholson to cover payments for the period 1. 7.1949
to 30. 6.1950.
(3) Family Groups and Dependants
Name Aboriginal Name Age Relation Notes
Donald Pard-un-yunga Father Warramunga
Norah Bill-kinn-da 29 Mother
Hilda Boor-ti-jun 13 Daughter
Doris Bin-in-yun 10 Daughter
Douglas Dut-jarra 5 Son
Dosie 2 Child
Sonny Boy 12 mth Son
Powell Creek Dan Father
Rosie Bin-guinim 33 Mother Alroy Downs
Dixie Mill-yun-dare 15 Daughter
Dicky Boy Armi-dad 6 Son
Biddy Julumbi 19 Mother
Peter 2 Son
Robin Mungalala-goona 28 Father
Rita Lagarong-allie 25 Mother
Nellie Nunora-ung-allie 2 Daughter
David Narloongi 26 Argyle Station dist.
Jimmy Jubal-gurrie 20 Chingali
Nelson Wai-tammin 15 Chingali
Paddy 16 Warramunga
Jackson Men-bear-day 26 Chingali
Tribal Dependants (for which maintenance is claimed)
Cabbage - Old man, not employed
Beamey - Elderly woman (widow of Pencil, deceased)
Cabbage - Old man
Beamey - Old woman
Rita - Unemployed wife of employee
These three are issued with dry rations each Saturday
morning, in accordance with Regulations scale of rations.
Rosie ) Four domestics issued with cooked
Biddy ) food from the homestead kitchen.
Five children of employees are also fed with cooked food
from the kitchen.
(5) Accomodation for Employees
(6) Store Prices Charged to Employees
(7) General Comments
Application forms have been completed for the under-
mentioned groups :-
Rita Lagorong-allie and one child, Nellie
Biddy Julunbi and one child, Peter
Norah Bill-kinn-da and five children
Rosie Bin-guinim and two children
In each case the Claimant is the Manager of Helen Springs
Station as guardian on behalf of the aboriginal mother, and
payment is to be made to the Northern Agency, Darwin, on
account of Helen Springs Station endowees. These claims have
been sent to Native Affairs Branch, Darwin, in accordance with
instructions from the Director.
John E Bray
At Helen Springs
Following the report are the following
(1) Credits for Natives Employed by Helen Springs Station.
(2) Employment of Aboriginals in the Pastoral Industry Returns
Credits for Natives Employed by Helen Springs Station
Bobby B23 12/15/2
Bob B65 17/9
Biddy B66 13/5/0
Donald D44 18/13/7
David D45 13/7/3
Dixie D46 16/3/4
Jackson J124 15/7/3 (less 7//2/2 for goods supplied by M Schober)
Jimmy J125 11/14/2
Nelson N27 9/13/11
Nora N28 11/14/0
Robin R25 16/10/0 (less 12/8/5 for goods supplied by M Schober)
Riley R26 16/8/4
Rosie R27 20/19/7
Rosie @ Manbulloo R28 3/17/6
Note The above credits have been checked with the Station
records, and are correct with the following exceptions :-
Jackson - Station records show an amount of 1/13/1 sent
to the Trust Account on May 9th, 1950
Robin - Station records show 10/10 to Trust Account
on May 9th, 1950.
Rosie R27 - Station records show a total sent to Trust Account
on THIS Rosie's behalf as 17/13/4.
Rosie R28 - Station records show that 6/13/9 has been sent
to the Trust Account on behalf of Rosie Manbulloo.
Apparently 3/6/3 has been credited to the wrong
There is no record on Station books of the purchases from Mr M
Schober. The payments of these credits is in order with adjust-
ments as set out on Pages 3 and 4 of the report on Helen Springs
Joh E Bray
Helen Springs Station
10th July 1950
Reference : Statement of Wages due to employees of
Mr J P Kell, Contractor.
Period April, May and June 1950
Tommy Swan Bom-bon jallie
Little Tommy Molli-jarree
Alec Gujalonong (3 weeks)
All employees as above for two weeks only.
Employment of Aboriginals in the Pastoral Industry Returns
This form is marked Helen Springs and Newcastle Waters.
Name Aboriginal Name Commencement Termination Wife Children
Donald Pard-an-yungu 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950 Norah (worker) Hilda (13)
Sonny Boy (1)
Bobby 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950
Jackson Men-bear-day 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950
Jimmy Jubal-girrie 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950
David Nar-loonga 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950
Robin Mungalala-goona 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950 Rita Nellie (2)
Riley Oranung-wooda-wooda 1. 1.1950 21. 1.1950
Nelson Wai-tammin 1. 1.1950 21. 1.1950
30. 4.1950 30. 6.1950
Mick 1. 1.1950 21. 1.1950
Bob Narra-wallum 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950
Tommy 28. 3.1950 9. 5.1950
Stephen 28. 3.1950 30. 3.1950
Paddy Warra-munga 28. 3.1950 30. 6.1950
Rosie M Bin-guinim 1. 1.1950 1. 4.1950 Dixie (15)
8. 5.1950 30. 6.1950 Dicky Boy
Dixie Milli-un-dare 1. 1.1950 11. 2.1950
2. 4.1950 30. 6.1950
----- 1. 1.1950 1. 4.1950
Nora Bill-kinn-da 1. 1.1950 30. 6.1950 (See Donald)
Rosie Manbulloo 1. 1.1950 1. 4.1950
8. 5.1950 12. 5.1950