Narional Archives of Australia
Item 1949/393A Part 3
Patrol Officers Reports - All Patrol Officers 1949
Miscellaneous Reports 1949
Copyright P J Mackett, 2008
(1) Report on Patrol of Wave Hill - Timber Creek Areas
1. Following upon your advice (NAB 49/156) to the Protector
of Aborigines, Timber Creek, which was handed to me, I advised
all relatives of aborigine Boxer of his death at Channel Island
Leprosarium. Boxer was a life-long employee of Rosewood
Station and was held in high esteem by both Europeans and
2. Following upon your request (NAB 49/156.2) to the
Protector of Aborigines, Wave Hill, to investigate the death
of female aborigine Binyunba at Birrundudu, I interrogated
many natives (including relatives of the deceased) regarding
this matter and as previously reported .... I am satisfied
there were no suspicious circumstances, neglect or foul play.
3. Death of aborigine Banjo Lea-Murrie on 19.10.1949 at Limbunya
Station. Probably pneumonia. Banjo aged about 60 years.
5. Natives worried about possible death of Pincher Djunama of Wave
Hill who had been sent to Katherine Hospital. Pincher had actually
been discharged to Manbulloo Station awaiting transport to Wave Hill.
Eventualy arrived at Wave Hill six weeks later. Regarded as slightly
Movement of Part-aboriginal children
Only five part-aboriginal children of those listed by you in your
memorandum dated 26. 8.1949 were removed by me. They were :-
Dora, 9 years )
Rita, 8 years )
Captain, 7 years ) All from Wave Hill
Peggy, 7 years )
Florrie, 5 years )
Of the others listed the position is as follows :-
ex Willeroo Station - not visited
ex Delamere Station - not visited
Larry ex Timber Creek - Absent at time of my visit. Constable Mettam
promised to hold him if advised prior to my
David ex Waterloo - Hidden by his mother who had received advice
of my intentions from Wave Hill. She has promised
to hand him over next year.
Shanus ex Limbunya - Absent with his mother at Ord River Station.
John ex Wave Hill - Deceased. My enquiries revealed that John died of
pneumonia shortly after the visit by Patrol
Officer Sweeney and myself in September 1947.
Mary ex Wave hill - Absent at the time of my visit. Alleged to be in
the Pigeon Hole - Victoria River Downs area.
Kim and Mitzi ex - Removed by Constable Potts.
Victoria River Downs
Rosie ex Gordon Creek - not visited
Sandy and Ah Lai ex - not visited
The half caste named Harold at Newry Station, who I was instructed to
commit to the care of the Manager, is now an inmate of the Derby
Comment: The removal of children from Wave Hill by MacRobertson
Miller aircraft was accompanied by distressing scenes the like
of which I wish never to experience again. The engines of the 'plane
are not stopped at Wave Hill and the noise combined with the strangeness
of an aircraft only accentuated the grief and fear of the children,
resulting in near-hysteria in two of them. I am quite convinced
that news of my action at Wave Hill preceded me to the other stations,
resulting in the children being taken away prior to my arrival.
I endeavoured to assuage the grief of the mothers by taking photographs
of each of the children prior to their departure and these have been
distributed among them. Also a dress length each was given the five
mothers. Gifts of sweets to the children helped to break down a lot
of their fear and I feel that removal by vehicle would have been
effected without any fuss.
There is, however, a young male native at Legune, Bob Koolimbin,
whom the Manager considers might be possibly a leprosy suspect.
His father died in the Derby Leprosarium.
Two half-caste children have been born recently
Name Age Mother Alleged Father
Sheila (F) 3 months Elsie Mulanba Peter Hagen
Jessie (F) 18 months Dolly Moungalli European
There are two part-aboriginal children at Legune as follows :-
Isa, female, aged 12, mother full-blood, father European, deceased
Eileen, female, aged 6, mother deceased, father half-caste,
being cared for by foster mother Judy
Newry and Auvergne
At Auvergne a half-caste Peter Frazer is employed as head
stockman. His wife, Mabel, (full-blood) cooks for the camp
and Peter is paid 10 pounds per week for himself and his
At Newry there is one half-caste child as follows :-
Martin, age 1, male, mother Daisy II Peelgmoi, alleged father Dick Moore
Also at Newry is a full-blood male Finnegan Runmee who is semi demented.
However he is quite harmless and causes no trouble.
Pensions for life are provided for :-
Natives and Manager asked me to enquire into the possibility
of having the following natives returned to Rosewood :-
Mick Mudi-Yeri ) Husband
Rosie Yir-umba ) and wife
Georgie Balgarric, aged 18
Georgie is alleged to be at Roper Valley Station where he and
the others were taken by the late Mr Hayes when he transferred
from Rosewood to Roper Valley. It is possible that they are
being held at the latter station against their wishes.
Two half-caste stockmen are employed at Rosewood :-
W Laurie, aged 30
D McCoomb, aged 22
Native male child Daniel (aged 4) was present at the time of my visit.
Daniel was born with crippled feet and with his mother was sent to
Alice Springs for remedial treatment. While at Alice Springs his mother
died and Daniel was eventually returned by air to his father Ted Kul-Bo-Ook
at Waterloo. I am pleased to be able to report that little Daniel is now
able to walk quite well although he will always have a deformity of both
I have already reported on half-caste child David, aged 6.
There are two part-aborigines employed as stockmen as follows :-
George SingPoo - threequarter black - receives award rates of pay,
is married to a full-blood and has three children
Jack Golliger - half-caste - married to a full-blood and has seven
children. Receives 4/2/4 per week and full
maintenance of his wife and children. Two of his
sons, Bob (aged 17) and Cecil (aged 15) are
employed as stockmen.
I have already reported on the death of Banjo and the half-
While at Inverway Sally Mahomet approached me about outstanding accounts
for the following natives formerly employed at Hooker Creek. The natives
comprised the personnel of Mr Stanfords working gang.
E C Evans, Patrol Officer, 23.12.1949
(2) Beswick - Roper River Patrol Part II
30.11.1949 At Newcastle Waters I delivered greetings to natives
and whites from aboriginal leper Cup-a-tee.
1.12.1949 Messages delivered at Beetaloo from the following
Leprosarium inmates : Malcolm, Daisy and Big Foot.
2.12.1949 Disappointed that, at Nutwood Downs, I could not see
female aborigine Nutwood Ruby. She was on walkabout with her
native consort Sandy somewhere between Tanumbirini and Nutwood
or Tanumbirini and Hodgson Downs. However, I again confirmed
that she is one of the deceased aboriginal police tracker
Tommy Jargargee's two daughters. (The other is Mrs Rose Blitner
of Urapunga Station). Mrs Ivor Hall of Darwin and late of
Nutwood Downs can give further confirmation of Nutwood Ruby's
Lubra Rita enquired about her two half-caste children,
Shirley and Tiny, who are now at Croker Island. I promised I
would try to get a photograph of them for her.
4.12.1949 Tandangal Station. I again spoke to Ranger Tommy
regarding his recent domestic worries. He was indignant that
I should doubt his promise not to instigate any more trouble
with his two former wives.
5.12.1949 I departed from Beswick Station at 0800 hours with
half-caste Jacko Frayne and aborigine Bobbie. I took Bobbie to
Mataranka Police Station where was required to collect wages.
Here I picked up medecine for Maggie and Lofty for Darwin.
This extra trip to Mataranka was necessary because I had
made a verbal contract with Ranger Tommy that Lofty would not
return to Maranboy - Beswick area until his two former wives
had tribally correct husbands.
6.12.1949 Dropped Bobbie at Mataranka Police Station. Then on
to Katherine. Aboriginal Emily (late of Nutwood Downs) is now
working in Katherine with her aboriginal consort Les. Emily is
most anxious to hear of the progress of her two half-caste
children, Bill and Joseph, at Croker Island.
I discussed with Sergeant Mannion the children of the late Tommy
Jargargee and the whereabouts of a lubra Rosie who is the mother
of a native boy David at Channel Island. Sergeant Mannion seems
confident that Mrs Blitner is one daughter of Tommy Jargargee.
8.12.1949 Pine Creek. I collected a young leper suspect, Doris,
in Pine Creek. She is the daughter of aborigine Dick who recently
absconded from Darwin Gaol for the second time. I delivered her
to Darwin Hospital.
Medicine, Maggie, Jacko Frayne and Lofty were dropped off at
Mentions Native Assistant Albert Oolah-baag-goo on the Patrol.
Jacko Frayne to go to Berrimah. Details of Jacko Frayne are :-
Born at Limbunya Station about 40 years ago.
Father European drover named Jack Frayne.
Mother a full blood aborigine, Maggie, who died at Pine Creek
when Jacko was about four years old.
He was educated at Khalin Compound, Darwin.
He later spent about 20 years at the Darwin Leprosarium but I
have been unable to discover whether he actually had leprosy
His sister Lucy is married to a Thursday Islander and lives
at Thursday Island.
J R Ryan, Patrol Officer, 4. 1.1950
(3) Patrol Report - Barkly Tablelands 1949
Only stations listed which have names mentioned.
Jeffrey, half-caste, three years of age. Consideration could be
given to removal when accomodation is available.
Bob Watson, male, 18 months old, 1/2
Peggy, female, 3 years, 1/2
Patrick, male, 10 months old, 1/2
William, male, 3 years, 3/4 black
Cornet, male, 1 year, 3/4 black
Elizabeth, female, 3 years, 3/4 black 1/4 Chinese
Betty, female, 4 years, 3/4 black 1/4 Chinese
Timmy, male, 3 months, 3/4 black
Banka Banka Station
One male, Fitz, aged 45 years, married to Kathleen, 7/8 black,
three children :-
Priscilla, aged 7, at Convent Alice Springs
David, aged 4, will be sent to Convent on attaining school age
Billy, aged 1 1/2, will be sent to Convent on attaining school age
Elsie, aged 40 years. This woman was sick so we transported her
to the Tennant Creek Hospital.
Mary Moffatt, aged 53 years, works around house
Mary Banka, aged 53 years, works around house.
Mother of Ethel May Windley, aged 12 years, being educated at
Alice Springs Convent.
Mr and Mrs Ward (owners of Banka Banka) are paying the school
fees of both Priscilla and E M Windley. They don't agree with
the Department's policy of removing part aboriginals from their
mothers, so they have decided to send the children to school
at their own expense. They will pay for David and Billy's
education when they become of age.
I explained that if every employer sent the part aborigine
children to school the Native Affairs Branch would not have
to remove them. It was a job no one liked, but it gave the
children an opportunity to lift themselves out of their
Half-castes are :-
Bibbie, aged 15 years, remaining in custody and control of
Jimmy, seven years, Moina, nine years, and Linda, four years,
removed to Darwin.
Two baby boys remain, they are less than one year old.
With reference to Bibbie, Mr Barnes signed a Statutory Declaration
that the girl is approximately 15 years old. He stated that she
had been on the station for the 4 years he had been there and ten
years his brother had been there. The girl is very small of stature,
and doesnt seem to have developed, but without evidence I could not
call Mr Barnes, a recognized J.P. of the Northern Territory, a liar.
I understand that Mr Leahy of Alcoota has this block but it is
managed by halfcaste Bill Turner.
This is the same company as runs Lake Nash, and it was here that
Mr D Wilkinson, the book-keeper for both stations, made definite
allegations against the Protector at Camooweal. (See report
Emily Booby, p38, and report of Constable Deviney)
Edna, aged approximately 9 years, was removed to Darwin.
Joe Clark, adult stockman, will remain on the station.
In a recent issue of the Northern Standard I noticed a comment
about a boy named Kenny (Carney, Garney?) who is employed as a
pumper. The boy is on No. 21 Bore and keeps his camp clean and tidy.
He has built himself a hut, the size and height that he wanted it.
All food was stored away from the weather, cooking utensils and
plates were clean and the area was swept. Consequently there were
very few flies about.
The derelict white on Bore No. 20 was in a filthy condition. I
don't think he had ever seen a cake of soap, and the onlu use for
water was to keep cattle alive, or as a chaser to a solid snort
of Whiskey. He was living in a bough shelter, which had never
been swept, the residue of innumerable meals scattered for 20
or 30 yards around the pump house. It was the most unhygienic and
disgusting camp I have ever been in. Needless to say there were
millions of flies. This was the man who was loud in his protestations
about natives being employed as pumpers.
Lake Nash Station
George Speechly, cook in the stock camp. Born at Boulia, Queensland
on 7. 2.1886.
Billie Grant, aged about 20, engaged in stockwork
Paris, aged about 40, general station hand, married to a
full-blood, has three children :-
Paddy, 21, 3/4 black
Jessie, 18, 3/4 black, has daughter helen, 7 months, 7/8 black
Ossie, 26, 3/4 black
Bessie, aged 34 years, halfcaste Afghan married to
full-blood, has six children :-
Len, 13 years
Jackie, 6 years,
Mary, 11 years
Dolly, 9 years
Albert, 4 years
Ruth, 10 months
Chuckler, aged about 30, halfcaste Islander, married
to full-blood, has three children :-
Alice, 4 years
Elsie, 2 years
Kate, 3 months
All the halfcaste European-Aborigines are too old to be removed,
the remainder are too dark and have been more or less inculcated
in tribal doctrine, so are much better where they are.
The lubra, Dolly, was taken from here to Tennant Creek where she
was examined by Dr Plane and allowed to return.
John O'Mahoney, 3/4 black, aged approximately 16 years, stockman
Dubbo Rose, 3/4 black, aged about 30 years, stockman
Ronnie, aged 7 years, and Lizzie aged 5 years, both 3/4 black,
mother a full-blood named Rosie
Percy Rankine, 3/4 white, married to Barbara, 3/4 black,
have three children :-
Leslie, 5 years
Mike, 6 years
Lennie, 1 year
Bookie, full-blood, married to Jundo, 3/4 black
have three children :-
Johnnie, 6 years
Lindsay, 4 years
Baby girl, 3 months
L N Penhall, Patrol Officer and J W Connoly, Cadet Patrol Officer, 26. 9.1949 - 30.10.1949
(4) Patrol to Wearyan River 1950
Patrol conducted 19. 2.1950 to 3. 3.1950 from Borroloola.
Roy Ridger-ing-oo (Kumerung)
All Yanula natives
Mr A Anderson works the salt pans a bit. He is 64 years of age,
and is legally married to aborigine Violet, an Alowa native from
Tanimbirini. They have two sons, Lenin (17) and Trotsky (13).
Neither can read or write.
Aged natives in the Manangoora district are :-
Gardiner Sam Morlana 70
Young Sam Djau-ul-uri 65
Melba Indinj-binna 70
Willie Ooradumma 65
Ginny Windy-garra-murra 70
Nellie Mugandoorna 85
Ginny Wa-ba-go-binna 70
Billy Hooker 70
Annie Weedala-murra 65
These are at present either at Manangoora or Rocky Glen and
belong to the Karawa tribe.
This is the site of the headquarters of Mr W Shadforth, drover
and stockman. Shadforth is three-quarters black, is 32 years
of age and owns a sizable plant of horses. He can read and write.
He has taken two full-blood lubras as wives and hints that he may
soon acquire a third. He has four children, two by each wife.
Nominal Roll Manangoora
Name Aboriginal Name Sex Age Relation Notes
Gardiner Sam Morlana M 70 Husband
Maudie Dtilli-leema F 25 Wife
Young Sam Djau-ul-uri M 65 Husband
Boogandoo F 35 Wife
Bella F 15 Daughter
Amy F 12 Daughter
Tiny F 10 Daughter
Wollogorang Jerry Djau-un-dja-mudgie M 28 Son Still single
Jerry Brown Oora-moongoo-moongoo M 30 Husband
Daisy Limin-di-binna F 30 Wife
Unnamed deceased M
Ginny Wa-ba-go-binna F 70 Widow
Moogardie Mundadja M 50 Son
(Moogardie is now married to Alice and previously
to Polly. See next entry.)
Moogardie Mundadja M 50 Husband
Polly Quai-ca-binna F Wife 1
Billy-Joe Kurra-gi-a-mudgie M 25 Son 1 Still single
Nickle Paloo-roo M 17 Son 1 Still single
Horace Dtugoo-aladgie M 14 Son 1 Still single
Alice Burgie-malina F 30 Wife 2
Rosie Wundira-murra F 7 Daughter 2
John Gungala M 4 Son 2
Syd Ngai-a-moo M 1 Son 2 Born October 1948
Jack Bardjoe M 60 Husband
Susanna Marai-a-murra F 60 Wife
Unnamed deceased M Husband
Unnamed deceased F Wife 1
Simon Karung-ga-mudgie M Son 1 Married to Alice, see below
Daisy Limin-di-binna F 30 Daughter 1 Married to Jerry Brown, see above
Molly F Daughter 1 At Seven Emus, married to Pyro
Hilda F Daughter 1 At Borroloola, married to Jingle
Jim Ross M Son 1 Single, at the Robinson
Dolly Yadi-mulinya F 60 Wife 2
Rosaline F Daughter 2 At Seven Emus, married to Pyro
Gladys F Daughter 2 At Borroloola, married to Jingle
Spanner Numbungoo M 10 Son 2
Raggert Karung-ga-mudgie M 6 Son 2
Simon Karung-ga-mudgie M Husband
Alice Munungala F Wife
Unnamed deceased M
Ginny Windy-garra-murra F 70 Widow
Rita F Daughter
Andrew M Son
(Ginny is almost blind. Rita is at the Robinson and married
to Noble. Andrew, convicted of murder, serving a sentence
of 10 years imprisonment in the Alice Springs Gaol.)
Unnamed deceased M
Annie Weedalamurra F 65 Widow
Unnamed deceased M
Mugandoorna F 85 Widow
Nellie F Daughter
(Nellie is married to Big Friday and is at Borroloola.)
William Shadforth M 32 Husband 3/4C
Una Mai-a-gurrie F 34 Wife 1
Amy Shadforth F 6 Daughter 1 Born 23. 9.1943
Ray Shadforth M 5 Son 1 Born 25. 5.1945
Bessie Nari-galo F 30 Wife 2
Eric Shadforth M 3 Son 2 Born October 1946
Ned Shadforth M 10mth Son 2 Born May 1949
(Both Una and Bessie are daughters of Big Friday of Borroloola.)
Unnamed deceased M
Djay-go F 45 Widow
Big Friday M Husband Borroloola
Nellie F Wife 1 Borroloola
Roy Budjay M 17 Son 1 Still single
Tom Wombi-iri M 25 Son 1 Still single
Minnie F Wife 2 Borroloola
Jolly Miller Kumerung M 20 Son 2 Still single
Jack Yulungari M 65 Husband
Nora Baladjabinna F Wife
Angelina F Daughter
Rickett Bungarin M 22 Son Still single
Eileen F Daughter
Little Eileen F Daughter
(Eileen and Little Eileen did not journey to Rocky Glen
but remained at Pungalina. Angelina is at Borroloola
and married to Dougan.)
Unnamed deceased M
Melba Indinj-binna F 70 Widow
Ida Djau-un-ama F 50 Daughter Married to Willie, see below
Willie Ooradumma M 65 Husband
Ida Djau-un-ama F 50 Wife
Yakaman Badjamin M Son At Seven Emus station
Pluto Yibi-iri M 45 Husband
Minnie Buda-buda F 40 Wife Daughter of Rosie at Pungalina
Sylvia Karkardee F 6 Daughter
Ted Buralung M 2 Son
E C Evans, Patrol Officer, 10. 3.1950
(5) Patrol of the Darwin Town Area and Environs 1950
The only congregating place in the town at present is
the area behind Mr Fraser's house in Smith Street. A number
of sophisticated Worgait natives congregate here; they camp
in the town on their employer's premises. Among the natives
congregating here are:-
Charlie Gu-narr, Worgait, employed by Mr. Coleman.
Mary Gulunggain, Worgait, employed by Mr. Coleman
Argok, employed by Mr. Lauder
Nym Clark, employed by Mr. Fraser
Josephine Da-ning, Worgait, employed by Mr. Hutchance
Jimmy Namarag, Worgait, employed by Mr. Hutchance
Jack Damat, Worgait, employed by Mr. I Taylor, Esplanade
Kitty Narrwar, Worgait, employed by Mr. I Taylor, Esplanade
Dick Landi-bu-me-r, Djauan, employed by Mr. G Lim
Peggy 'Lim', Djauan, employed by Mr. G Lim
Jimmy Marakai, employed by Mr. A Fong
Elsie Mormbil, employed by Mr. A Fong
Mrs 'Biliwuk' Nicoloff and her four children occupy a
house just off the airstrip. On one inspection two of her
relatives (full blood aborigines) were camping with her. I
removed them to Berrimah.
G Sweeney, Patrol Officer, 3. 5.1950
(6) Patrol of Douglas and Ooloo Stations, Daly River 1950
Douglas Station, on Douglas River (permanent running
water), is 20 miles by road from the turnoff at the 115 miles
on the bitumen, ie 135 miles by road from Darwin.
The Douglas River is a tributary of the Daly River.
Ooloo Station is situated on Ban Ban Lagoon, half a
mile off the Daly River and 15 miles from Douglas Station.
Mr Paddy Liddy (quadroon), son of Tom Liddy, owns and
manages Douglas Station, his father, Tom Liddy, owns and manages
The following part-aborigines are on the station :-
Bob Cadell, born on Ooloo Station on 1st July 1932, mother Ruby Jingaia
(Bilinara tribe), full-blood aborigine, father European. He has made
application for exemption.
Rankine 'Liddy', born at Douglas Station on 1st July 1938, mother Lulu
Jagala (Wagaman tribe), ful-blood aborigine, father Wuropean.
Billy 'Liddy', born on Adelaide River near Humpty Doo Station on 1st July
1938, mother Goyder Guda (Marananggu tribe), full-blood aborigine, alleged
father W Nokes, European.
Tom Liddy claims to have adopted Rankine and Billy although they are not
his children and will arrange for their education.
Douglas and Ooloo Stations, Daly River
European Name Aboriginal Name Tribe Sex Age Relation Employment
Goyder Guda Marrananggu F 40 Mother Cook
Billy Nokes M 12 H/C son Now Billy Liddy
Luly (Lulu) Jagala Wagaman F 30 Mother Housegirl
Rankine 'Liddy' M 12 H/C Son
Maudie Nga-dja Wagaman F 70
(Mother of Topsy Ngul-bandi.)
Peter Gujada Wagaman M 45 Husband Stockboy
Dolly Gad-burr Wagaman F 40 Wife
Teddy Boy Ga-rin-ba M 14 Son
Don Bu-lam-bul M 12 Son
Lena Ju-lu-luk F 11 Daughter
Willie Gul-ma-jang-in M 8 Son
Jessie I-bur-burin F 6 Daughter
Doris Ma-gai-yan F 3 Daughter Twin
Clara Gum-bit-bida F 3 Daughter Twin
Peter Garrng-nei-i M 3m Son
Maggie Nilyari F 60
(Mother of Lily, Lulu, Ruby.)
Sambo Yu-bi-ran-ma Jamijung M 28 Husband Stockboy
Lily Bam-wulu F 22 Wife
Tom Wyatt Jabada Wailbri M 35 Husband Stockboy
Ruby Jingaia Bilinara F 40 Wife
Robert Cadell M 18 H/C Son
Topsy Ngul-bandi Wagaman F 50 Housegirl
(Husband Paddy Sammy is in Leper Station, Darwin.)
G Sweeney, Patrol Officer, 14. 7.1950
(7) Inspection and Investigation, Lee Bros. Sawmill July 1950
In company with Constable Cronshaw I proceeded to Lee
Bros. Sawmill on Coburg Peninsula on 22nd July, 1950, as
instructed. Mr Bateman, a Forestry Officer, accompanied us.
We travelled by Lee Bros barge - a steel barge 80'x17'
powered by two Leyland Diesel 95 HP engines. We enquired
into the following matters :-
1. The disappearance of aborigine Nalaban, Nabungardi,
Walang tribe, near Murgenella Plains.
2. The loss of aborigine Old Jingle Malangbi, Iwaija
tribe, from a canoe near Two Hills, Coburg
3. The death of Lingnanan, wife of Yalmur, at the
4. Stillborn baby and death of another Bilalia
(Billaleah) wife of Joe.
5. Alleged V.D. cases.
6. Natives inhaling petrol fumes.
Items 1, 2, 3 and 4 are dealt with in separate reports.
Ankin Ah Mat is in charge of the mill, Paul Calma is
truck driver, Mrs Calma (nee Mona Waters) lives with him at the
Following enquiries re sickness among natives in the
sawmill camp the following natives were brought in for medical
Balir Balir Ngangila
Lamingga Ngalbulain, wife of Balir Balir
Lerelet Ngalbangardi, wife of Miwadait
Namada-mada, Ngawuyuk, stake in foot
The petrol at the mill is now locked up out of the way
of natives disposed to inhale the fumes.
One hundred and 8 natives were at the mill, 50 men, 31
women and 27 children. Natives from Croker Island, Goulburn
Island, Cape Don and nearby buffalo camps visit the mill. I
made a census of all natives at the mill.
.... general details ...
One suspects that a number of old men with young wives
find a haven here and at Cape Don that they would not find at
the missions. There are four cases of men from 55 to 70 years
of age married to girls of 15 to 25 years of age. A girl Midbir
Ngalwuyuk, 10 years of age, daughter of Old Tom (Maung) 70
years of age and Mangalama (Maung) 25 years of age, was promised
to Old Jingle Malangbi, 60 years of age, who was lost from the
canoe near Two Hills. Malangbi was on his way to the sawmill
to collect his wife.
... general details ...
Re Disappearance of Nalaban Nabungardi (Walang) near Murgenella Plains, November 1949.
People mentioned are
Ankin Ah Mat
Roy Mangrinian (Walang), calls Nalaban uncle (mother's brother)
Bulga Bulga, his wife
Julgararia (Julgarara), native woman
Dick Wongwiba, calls Nalaban brother
Minimir, now living with Wongwiba as his wife. Dick Wongwiba says she was
first promised to Nalaban but Bali Bali's uncle took her, when Bali Bali's
uncle died Bali Bali gave her to me. About 35 years of age.
(Bali Bali also Balir Balir.)
Nalaban, about 60 years of age and slightly deaf
Ibaral, son of Nalaban, from Goulburn Island
Ubunu, son of Nalaban, from Goulburn Island
Mangeriein (Walang), brother of Nalaban and Wongwiba. Has two wives.
Mary Julgarara. Husband Frank works in Darwin. Father is Wongwiba.
Ling-nan-nan, step-daughter of Minimir.
Statements through interpreter Peter Nangolomin.
Lee Bros. Sawmill, Coburg Peninsula July 1950
European Name Aboriginal Name Tribe Age Sex Relation Employment Skin-name & Remarks
An-mu-lu-bad Gwggu 70 F Widow Pensioner Bgalbulain
Bumara Gunaviji 35 M Husband Mill hand Nau-wamud
Anangeiba Gunwinggu 45 F Wife Ngalbangardi
Balir Balir Gwggu 45 M Ngangila
Lamungga Gwggu 28 F Ngalbulain
Crowfoot Ilil-nanda Gwggu 20 M Single Barge crew
Charlie One Lamp-mei-wa M.I. 28 M Husband Wife at M.I.
Charlie Malagadi M.I. 50 M Widower Mill Hand
Dick Mu-lung-ini M.I. 50 M Husband Mill hand Wife on M.I.
Don Buju-miri M.I. 30 M Husband Mill hand
Tibi Nang-wu-rei-yu M.I. 20 F Wife
Jumbo Dalinyara Burera 10 M Burella, brother to Tom Ibarar
Dugong Dudanga Gunwinggu 28 M Husband Mill hand Ngamarang, head boy
Rosie Malama Walang 18 F Wife Ngalgorjog
Alfie Irralama 5mth M Son Nauwagaitj, born 15. 2.1950
Daniel Nalumbil Gwggu 45 M Husband Nabulain
Magalin Gabindi Gwggu 28 F Wife Ngalwagait
Danariba 55 F Widow Ngalarit
Duncan Wamadinga M.I. 45 M Husband Wives in Darwin
Frank Urunungu Walang 25 M Husband Wilson Lee Nawangari, Wilson Lee Darwin
Linda Ma-mir-ning Gwggu 25 F Wife Ngal-bulain
Horace Gunimbal Gunaviji 17 M Barge Crew Ngamarang
Gambalgu Maung 55 M Husband Mill hand Nabulain
Il-il-mara 22 F Wife Ngalangila
Miniyal 7 M Son Ngagarjog
Nei-u-malwei 5 M Son Ngagarjog
Edward Wandi-wandi 8 M Ngagarjog
George Urung-ei-ni M.I. 45 M Husband Mill hand
Rosie Dibulangguri M.I. 35 F Wife
Nancy Ambulam-mirini M.I. 22 F Wife
Tommy Ibarar Burera 16 M Single Mill hand Burella
Joe Widara Gwggu 17 M Single Mill hand Ngangarid
Mary Jul-garara Walang 30 F Wife Ngalnarit
Frank M Husband Works in Darwin
Jalamba Walang 28 M Husband Mill hand Nauwamut
Alwulama 45 F Wife Ngalwagaitj
Loila Malangirrg 9 F Daughter Ngalbangardi
January Nangun-yari Iwaija 50 M Widower Mill hand Ngawaitj
Lazarus Nama-dum-burr Maung 35 M Ngangila, from G. E. Mission
Ili-jili Iwaija 15 F Ngal-wamut
Lazarus II Walamag Gwggu 16 M Single Ngangarit, from G. E. Mission
Lambi Wala-bara Walang 50 M Husband Ngangila
Mangan-jirina 40 F Wife Ngalgama
Adu-dauwa 12 F Wife Ngalwamut
Lunggoi Gwggu 60 M Husband Ngalwagaitj, wife at Oenpelli
Lami-Lami Gwggu 8 M Ngawuyuk
(Brother to Young Naranorlgi and Namada-mada.)
Paddy Mala-bunali Burera 12 M Wamut
Manawubu Gwggu 50 M Widower Ngamarang
Moses Mirrwana Maung 16 M Single Mill hand Nau-wamut
Marianggu Gunaviji 60 M Widower Ngangila
Roy Mangrinian Walang 35 M Husband Mill hand Ngangila
Bulga Bulga Gwggu 28 F Wife Ngalwa.....
Cynthia Namu-wunduma 8 F H/C, in Darwin, attends convent school
Joe Naman-mangara 9 M Son Ngangar.....
Peter Neid-burgi 7 M Son Ngangar.....
Mangeriein Walang 45 M Husband Mill hand Nabangardi
Bumia Gwggu 25 F Wife Ngal.....
Marabia Gwggu 35 F Wife Ngal.....
Mitchell Miwadaitj Walang 55 M Husband Ngamarang
Lerelet Maung 18 F Wife Ngal-bangar
Mick Gambal M.I. 20 M Single Mill hand
David Milnamaru Milingimbi 30 M Widower Mill hand Gamarang
Jimmy Manbirrga Walang 16 M Single Mill hand Nabulain
Charlie Naranorlgi Walang 55 M Husband Mull hand Nawalait
Au-un-banyi Gwggu 40 F Wife Ngalwagait
Rabinyina 8 M Son Ngabungardi
Mamireinja 6 F Daughter Ngalbungardi
Wulburga 4 M Son Ngabungardi
Nandalg Gwggu 45 M Husband Mill hand Nawagaitj
Jabiba 28 F Wife Ngal-narit
Milu-wulu-ulu 12 M Son Nawagait
Dugan-inya 8 M Son Nawagait
Young Naranorlgi Gwggu 15 M Ngawuyuk
Nalty Boy Namada-mada Gwggu 17 M Ngawuyuk
Morning Namad-bara Walang 40 M Husband Mill hand Nabulain, one wall eye
Gu-gu-ri-main 45 F Wife Nabangardi
Little Jackson Man-dar-dul 13 M Son Log marker Ngangila
Tom Nabi-ing-gunmi Gwggu 40 M Husband Mill hand Nagamarang
Nal-mi-largi 35 F Wife Ngalogorjog
Namala-nuji 7 M Son Nawagaitj
Narana Gwggu 55 M Husband Namarang
Wandurrg Nalaganbari Gwggu 40 F Wife Ngalwagaitj
Norman Murugu M.I. 25 M Husband Mill hand
Ruby Lambut-du-wianu M.I. 25 F Wife
(Two school boys in Darwin.)
Nanarrba Maung 50 F Widow Ngangarit
Paddy Nabaraua Walang 28 M Single Mill hand Nabulain, brother to Namadbara
Paddy Nangolami Maung 28 M Crew barge
Naminugubu Gwggu 50 M Widower Ngamarang
Robert Ga-rali-beingu M.I. 16 M Single Mill hand
George Runggur Milingimbi 17 M Single Mill hand Kaijark
Sugarbag Gadabi M.I. 18 M Single Mill hand
Old Tom A-nambura-nambur Maung 70 M Husband Nabulain, aged and infirm
Mangalama Maung 25 F Wife Ngalangila
Midbirr 10 F Daughter Ngalwuyuk
Mangunarr 5 F Daughter Ngalwuyuk
Joe Unda-bunda Gwggu 55 M Husband Mill hand Ngangarit
Wamburangaij Gwggu 35 F Wife Ngalwagait
Lerelet 18 F Daughter Married to Miwadait
Weibuma Gwggu 40 F Widow Ngalwamut
Jauala 6 M Son Ngangarit
Julumba 4 F Daughter Ngalgarit
Bulainyinga 1 1/2 M Son Ngangarit
Urunungu Winnowidj Maung 55 M Widower Ngamarang
Wongwiba Walang 55 M Husband Nabangardi
Minimir Gwggu 35 F Wife Ngalaumut
Walmungga 3 M Son Ngangarit
Big Winnowidj Yaragu Maung 45 M Husband Mill hand Nawamut
Margaret Gum-bu-wu Gwggu 25 F Wife Ngalbangardi
Maiyangarrg 9 F Daughter Ngalangi
Namururga 5 M Son Ngangila
Total 108 Natives
G Sweeney, Patrol Officer, 3. 8.1950 & 9. 8.1950
(8) Report on Manbulloo, Willeroo and Delamere Stations 1950
As these stations are under the one management I am
submitting one report covering all three. These stations
are owned by Vesteys under the company name of Manbulloo-
Willeroo Ltd. and are managed by Mr T R Fisher from
Manbulloo. It is anticipated, however, that Willeroo and
Delamere will be resumed at the end of this year when
Vesteys' interests will cease in these properties. The
books for all three stations are kept at Manbulloo.
Credits held as at 30th June 1950 by present employees and a few
others who are expected to return are :-
Yellow Paddy Agilgaddy
Big Paddy Meerin
Fat Rosy Tobagwarry
Joe's Nelly Nyanda
Ben's Nellie Itjabunma
Joe Sumundi Mudpin
Corporal Jack Ebongwadrabah
Big Foot Coschala
Doris or Dorothy Koolmaril
Further Wages Comment
Mignonette, wife of Munday Oomarndut who is now an inmate of
Nowla, wife of Peter (deceased). Nowla has now left Willeroo and
is now at Manbulloo.
Blucher Goo-djal-moorie (aged 14 years) is employed in the Willeroo
stockcamp, although his name does not appear on any lists shown to
me at Manbulloo. He is apparently in the camp for the first time
Children - Sabu (8), attending Katherine State School
Eileen (8), recommend she be removed to Bagot Road Hostel as
soon as possible. Mother is Caboonka at Willeroo and
apparently has no interest in the child.
Children - John Gill (5)
Annie (4), alleged father Donald Baird (?)
Sandy Croker (2), alleged father Jim Croker
Donald Huddleston (1 1/2), alleged father Harry Huddleston
Employees - Harry Huddleston, head stockman
Alex Morton, stockman, product of Mulla Bulla Station (W.A.)
and desirous of obtaining an exemption
Bill Harney, youth
Children - Mick Maloney (4), alleged father Mick Maloney
Employees - George Man Fong, head stockman
George Moroney, stockman, applied for exemption recently through
the Protector of Aborigines Katherine.
Munday Oomarndut is now an inmate of Channel Island.
Aborigine Nellie Koombarinyin of WIlleroo is enquiring regarding her
daughter Jessie who was removed as a suspect leper by Patrol Officer
Sweeney. She request that if Jessie is to remain up north she be
permitted at a later date to visit Darwin and visit Jessie.
On the occasion of my visit to Delamere, Mr Jack Davidson was there.
He was holding cattle preparatory to droving them to Helen Springs.
He is employing the following natives :-
Davidson's consort Maggie was with him at Delamere. He advised me
that he has renewed his application to marry her. If this permit
is granted (and I recommend that it be granted) it would be well
to advise Davidson that Maggie's daughter Eileen (of whom he is
not the father) who is at present at St Mary's Hostel, Alice
Springs, will still remain a ward of the Director of Native
Affairs even though he (Davidson) be the legal husband of her
E C Evans, Patrol Officer, 22. 8.1950
(9) 13. 9.1950 Investigation into alleged murder of a native woman
Arafura District, Arnhem Land.
Alleged victim was Jurunjura Bulainjan.
Alleged killer was Marapaiwui or Donald Duck.
Alleged victim was a relative of the mother of Raiwala.
Deceased had several periods of sickness before her death and had
suffered a miscarriage at or about the time of her death. Her husband,
Yalungguru, was a serious granuloma case.
Decision death was from natural causes.
Marapaiwui had stolen the wife of Da-ga-ra-rei-yun a Djinba native
from the Goyder River. Da-ga-ra-rei-yun had been away at Mainoru
Station when Marapaiwui had taken his wife Nauwalingu and he wanted
her back. Marapaiwui agreed to return her but Nauwalingu refused
Also mentions Bobby Baraji at Lee Bros. sawmill in 1948 who served
a term of 12 months in Gaol for murder.
(10) 26. 9.1950 Investigation into deaths in Arnhem Land
(1) See above
(2) Death of child Madanggi at Milingimbi Mission.
Mentions women Maraltjandi and Ganjamara as indirectly causing death.