Patrol Officer John Bray's Reports 1951 - 1953

Narional Archives of Australia Darwin Office CRS F1/0 Item 1952/795 Patrol Officers Reports - John Bray 1952 - 1953 Copyright P J Mackett, 2007 NB These reports were created from patrols concerned with The Aboriginals (Pastoral Industry) Regulations. Not all the report has been extracted. Stations visited are Aileron Alexandria Alroy Downs Angas Downs Anthony's Lagoon Avon Downs Banka Banka Bauhinia Downs Beetaloo Downs Brunette Downs Creswell Downs Curtin Springs Dunmarra Erldunda Gallipoli Georgina Downs Henbury Lake Nash MacArthur River Muckaty Mulga Park Newcastle Waters Aged & Infirm O.T. Station Rockhampton Downs Soudan Tanumbirini Tempe Downs Umbearra MUCKATY STATION Owner / Manager : Mr A C B Ulyatt Situation : Licence :No 1264, issued July 21, 1952 from Elliott Inspection Date :13 March, 1953 Employees Powder Wanaguleri 45 years, General Hand, married (but living apart from his wife) Maudie Gibardee 40 years, domestic, married Maudie's husband Sloper Woom Bulla is not employed, but receives clothes and rations Payments and Credits The only credit is for Maudie. Clothing Powder has some clothes issued without charge, but purchases the balance. Maudie has all clothing issued free, and no debits are raised for her excepting torch batteries. Sloper is not charged for clothing. Family Groups Sloper and Maudie only. _________________________________________________________________ BANKA BANKA Owner : Banka Banka Pastoral Company Manager : Mr R A Christie Licence : R A Christie, No 1308 issued 14. 7.1952 by T H Wake Inspection Date : February 13, 1953 Employees Male Aboriginal Frank Nananimugi 57 yrs Station Hand Married Day-Day Imjerimerona 17 Stockman Single McGowan Waludugarri 62 Stockman Married Peter Mondabulla 17 Stockman Single Fitz 51 General Hand Married Lauder Carnarigarri 44 Stockman Married Edgar Booranigoor 48 Stockman Married Toprail Minangoor 38 Stockman Single Bluey Delimunda 15 Stockboy Single Donald Burranudum 36 Stockman Married Female Aboriginal Linda Jurabbumunga 37 Domestic Married Kathleen Beanulli 27 Domestic Married Lily Baanbali 33 Domestic Married Mary Banka 54 Domestic Single Mary Morphett 55 Domestic Single Elsie 60 Domestic Single Mysey 60 Domestic Single Molly Nibinjeer 40 Gardener Married Buttercup Poorandamunya 45 Gardener Married May 15 Domestic Single Nora 25 Gardener Married Payments and Credits Credits shown at 31.12.1952 Frank Day-Day McGowan Peter Fitz Lauder Edgar Toprail Bluey Donald Linda Kathleen Lily Mary Banka Mary Morphett Elsie Mysey Molly Buttercup May Nora Family Groups A full list was given in the 195- report. This list is not altered excepting as under - Westcot and Helip and 3 children - not at Rockhampton Downs. Additional Donald Burranudum and Nora and four children. This family comes from Helen Springs, and at the time of inspection were on walkabout. Nora's aboriginal name and the ages of the children have still to be obtained. Births and Deaths Births To Frank and Linda - Dorothea, born 10. 2.1952 To Fitz and Kathleen - Louie, born 11. 7.1950 - Betty, born 8. 8.1952 To Lauder and Molly - Hazel, born 7. 3.1952 Deaths Unnamed infant of Frank Nananimugi and Linda Jurabbamunga, died in Tennant Creek Hospital. The date was not available at time of inspection, but Mrs Ward said that she would go through the station diaries and endeavour to find out the date. Cause of death - Laryangeal diptheria. Child Endowment Dependants Two only - Topsy and Carrie, each aged about 65 years. They receive ample rations and clothing from the station. School Children The undermentioned children are at present attending the Convent in Alice Springs - Priscilla born 14. 4.1943 David about 7 years Jimmy born June 1943 Jean born 1946 All expenses for the schooling of these children are borne by the station. In the next year or two, it is anticipated that three further children from Banka Banka will be attending school in Alice Springs. Census Banka Banka Station as at 31.12.1952 Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 7 12 Employed adults 7 19 Children 0 - 2 3 3 3 - 5 1 2 6 - 10 5 4 11 - 14 1 - 15 - 18 2 1 Part Aboriginal Nil _________________________________________________________________ DUNMARRA STATION Owner : Mr S J and Mrs N E Somerville Manager : Mr S J Somerville Licence : No 1279 issued 27.11.1952 by T/PO Bray Inspection Date :27.11.1952 Employees as at 27.11.1952 Aboriginal Ronnie Wadju Gurrie, Wombaia, 25 years, stockman, married June Nymul, Tchingali, 24 years, domestic, married to Ronnie Part Aboriginal Frank Holtz (Mad Frank) H/C, General Hand, about 30 years, single (nearly blind) Clothing The two male employees, Ronnie and H/C Frank, purchase about half their clothing according to Mr Somerville, and he supplies the balance without charge. Female employee Nymul is stated by Mrs Somerville to receive clothing in excess of Regulations but no records are kept. This is probably correct as Nymul was born at Dunmarra and has been there all her life. Mrs Somerville states that she and Nymul make frocks and sun frocks for the two children of Nymul. Family Groups Father : Ronnie Wadju Gurrie Mother : June Nymul Children : Mooki, 3 years, born June 1949 : Maudie born June 15th, 1952 Births and Deaths Maudie, born 15th June, 1952 Notes Frank Holtz H/C Age : about 35 years. Father : Wallaby Holtz of Powell Creek Mother : Marion F/B, deceased Date of Birth : Unknown This half-caste has been employed at Dunmarra for many years, but is half blind and mentally deficient. He is kept on the station more out of charity than for any useful work, other than simple jobs around the homestead. Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 1 1 Employed adults 1 1 Children 0 - 2 1 3 - 5 1 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 Employed adults 1 Children - _________________________________________________________________ ANTHONY'S LAGOON STATION Owner : Anthony's Lagoon Pastoral Company Manager : Mr A B Cant Licence : A B Cant, Manager, No 1267 : C Nissen, Mechanic, No 1268 : P Hogg, Head Stockman, No 1269 Inspection Date : 18th July, 1952 Employees Males Avey Oonangoo Stockman Ben Ulibun Stockman Brady Diggabburram Stockman Francis Noarkin Stockman Frank Togo Youallingi Stockman Gilbert Maanulla Stockman Isaac Stockman Jacky Unterwellicuddy Stockman Johnnie Lightoomuch Stockman Larry Stockman Mick Dubbo Ulbuda Stockman Ned Monolug Stockman Noble Wai-udda Stockman Norman Naar-mullu Stockman Powder Miangie Stockman Stephen Stockman Wallace Donguigie Stockman Willie Boweringie Stockman Females Angeline Bluelight Domestic Gladys Waterbingi Domestic Binnie Wynyam Burra Laundress Rosie Gilli Vallan Janni Laundress Rosaleen Morai-iloo Domestic Dinah Laundress Child Endowment Child Endowee Mavis Joan Jirami Violet Woll Murra Mara Mavis Nowi Pinna Dulcie Nigbinni Maurice Ida Nyulcook Marjorie Angeline Bluelight Rennie Binny Wynyam Burra Claims for Maintenance Barry, old woman Tamma, old Woman Elsie Owija Bunna H/C, old woman Curlew Wangulli, old man Eddie Hinging, old man Curlew, part-Aboriginal School Early in 1952 a small building was erected as a school and a teacher was appointed. Both the school and the teacher's salary are expenses of the Station. The school consists of one room with a gauzed in verandah, the whole built on piles about four feet off the ground. The teacher is a Mrs Morris from Queensland, and it is understood that she is fully qualified. Pupils at date of inspection were:- Twin girls of Const. Mahoney Three children of Head Stockman Nissen One aboriginal child Rennie, aged about 10 years from Anthony's Lagoon Station Nissen Family The Head Stockman at Anthony's is a European named Clifford Nissen. Mrs Nissen however is three quarter Chinese and one quarter aboriginal. The five children are, therefore, half European, three eighths Chinese, and one eighth aboriginal. Clifford, born 24. 6.1936 Mary, born 30. 3.1938 Ronald, born 17.10.1942 Barbara, born 17. 2.1944 Gloria, born 24. 5.1946 All were born at Mt Isa. _________________________________________________________________ GEORGINA DOWNS STATION Owner : Georgina Pastoral Company Pty Ltd Manager : Mr C A Paine Situation : West and south west from Lake Nash Station Originally part of Lake Nash, resumed in 1949 Licence : C A Paine, Manager, No 291. Issued by Const. Cossons 13th July, 1952. Inspection Date :13th September, 1952 Employees as at 13. 9.1952 Bob Kilpinga 37 yrs Pumper Married Toby Chubia 45 Gardener Married Freddie Lantawocki 60 Goat Shepherd Married Digger Thaarnugga 19 Stockman Single Jupiter Kundlungar 35 Stockman Married George Didai 21 Stockman Single Minnie 14 Domestic Married Lena 14 Domestic Single Payments Bob Toby Freddie Jupiter Banjo, terminated 27. 8.1952 Digger George, commenced May 1952 Minnie Lena Family Groups Bob Kilpinga and Ida Children May 4 yrs, Mavis 3 yrs and Eileen born 15. 5.1952. Toby Chubia and Katie Kungagar Child Lena 14 years. Freddie Lantawocki and Norah and Minnie No children Jupiter Kundlungar and Queenie No children Births and Deaths Eileen born 15. 5.1952 Child Endowment School Children Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 6 4 Employed adults 6 - Children 0 - 2 1 3 - 5 2 6 - 10 - 11 - 14 2 (employed) 15 - 18 - Part Aboriginal Nil - _________________________________________________________________ O.T. STATION Owner : Estate Late H M Bathern Manager : Duncan Bathern H/C, exempted Situation : 110 miles north east of Beetaloo Downs Station Licence : Duncan Bathern, Manager, No 1278 issued 11.10.1952 by P/O Bray Peter Bostock, part owner, No 1667, issued 7. 7.1952 from Alice Springs Hughie Bathern, part owner, No 1668, issued 7. 7.1952 from Alice Springs Inspection Date : 9.10.1952 Employees Aboriginals Tom Dinty Brunara (or Burigaroo) Stockman Married Youanda Youanda (70 yrs) General Hand Johnnie Kudjida Stockman Single Don Daober Stockman Married Bruce Kooncoomirri Stockman Married Clipper Youan Gut Gurrie Stockman Single (sometimes called Lerimbie) George Ugolongon (Ukalina) Stockman Single Family Groups Full Bloods Tom Dinty Brunara and wife Juliet Wongalla Child Margaret Rose about 8 years Don Daober and Harriet No children Bruce Kooncoomirri and de facto Minnie Lanson H/C No children Part Aboriginals (1) Fannie Bathern H/C, about 63 years, widow of Angas Bathern H/C Born Anthony's Lagoon Father George Bostock (European) deceased Mother Unknown full blood Married De facto to unknown European (said to be Henry Grainger) Children Agnes, now Mrs Agnes Miller (see later) Caroline (Stacey) H/C, Newcastle Waters Barbara Bathern H/C, deceased 30th August 1952 Duncan Bathern H/C (see below) (2) Duncan Bathern H/C Born 10th August, 1927 O.T. Station Age 25 years Occupation Station manager of O.T. Station Father Angus Bathern H/C, deceased Mother Fannie Bathern H/C Married Single Status Exempted 13.11.1946 Notes Duncan is also a beneficiary of the Bathern Estate (3) Peter Bostock H/C Born 1898 Beetaloo Downs Age 54 years Occupation Part owner of the Bathern Estate Father George Bostock, European, deceased Mother Unknown full blood Married Married to Bella - who was known as Bella Bathern H/C Children Bessie, born 1922 (Mrs Watty Bahern) Cameron, born 26. 8.1930, single, lives at O.T. June, born 23. 6.1934, father said to have been European, now Mrs John Ali Satour Hazel, born 26.12.1938, father said to have been European George Peter, born 23. 4.1942 Charlie, born 22.11.1944 Brian, born 3. 3.1948 (4) Mrs Agnes Miller 1/4C Born August 1916 O.T. Station Age 36 years Father Said to have been European Henry Grainger Mother Fannie Bathern H/C (wife of Angus Bathern, deceased) Married Widow of W Miller H/C, deceased 10. 4.1951 Children Josie, born 20.10.1934 at Beetaloo, now at O.T. Teresa, born 10. 2.1937 at Beetaloo now at Newcastle Waters William, born 5. 6.1940 at O.T., now at O.T. Alice, born 6. 8.1942 now at Convent Alice Springs Margaret, born 16.11.1944 at O.T. now at Convent Henry, born 1. 6.1949 at O.T., now at O.T. (5) Mrs Hughie Bathern H/C Born 1924 Beetaloo Downs Age 28 years Father Unknown European Mother F/B aboriginal Therapin of Newcastle Waters Married Hughie Bathern H/C, in Leprosarium Children John 1/4C, father said to have been European Elmore Lewis Murray H/C, born 15. 9.1942 at Beetaloo, now at St Mary's Alice Springs Hughie (Tony), born 16.11.1944 at Beetaloo, now at St Mary's Jean, born 6. 7.1946 at O.T., now at O.T. Russell, born 16. 2.1948 at O.T., now at O.T. Sheila, born 18. 2.1950 at O.T., now at O.T. (6) Mrs Peter Bostock H/C Born Unknown Age About 45 years Father Said to have been European Barney Keane Mother Unknown F/B aboriginal Married Wife of Peter Bostock Children Bessie, born 1922 (Mrs Watty Bahern) Cameron, born 26. 8.1930, single, lives at O.T. June, born 23. 6.1934, father said to have been European, now Mrs John Ali Satour Hazel, born 26.12.1938, father said to have been European George Peter, born 23. 4.1942 Charlie, born 22.11.1944 Brian, born 3. 3.1948 Notes Said to have arrived at Beetaloo when about 10 years of age with a Chinaman. Became known as late H M Bathern's daughter and was married as such to Peter Bostock. (7) Minnie Lansen or Lanson H/C Born Calvert Hills, N.T. Age About 63 years Father Lansen, European, deceased Mother F/B 'Joe' deceased Married Not married ever, but now de facto of aboriginal Bruce Koocoomirri Children All adults not in district Jack Lowe 1/4C, father European Lowe Alec Lowe 1/4C, father European Lowe Dan Farrar 1/4C, father European Farra (?Farrer) Harry Koop 1/4C, father European Koop Clara (Mrs Roy Brown) 1/4C, father European Antilly Notes The above information about her children was volunteered by Minnie Lansen, and none of the children was sighted. Dependants Daisy Digilla, 76 years, blind Lady Bungaminny, 70 years, widow Meila Boolara, 66 years, widow There are usually four dependants claimed for from O.T. station, but the fourth - Lucy Judbirini or Cudbirini - is at present living at Beetaloo. Also at O.T. Station ex Tanumbirini were Barney No-mi-in-burra and wife Kathleen Loomboondji. They are not employed or claimed for as dependants. Kathleen is the daughter of Rita of Bauhinia Downs, and she and Barney appear to wander in the area Tanumbirini, Nutwood Downs, Bauhinia Downs and O.T. Station. Births and Deaths Births - Nil at O.T., See Beetaloo report. Deaths - Information consolidated on the Beetaloo report. Child Endowment The various BAthern and Bostock families are all receiving regular payments from Child Endowment Sources. As the children are born the necessary applications are made by the General Manager Mr T Tiernan, of Beetaloo. Attached to this report is an application for Margaret Rose aged about 8 years - date of birth on or about 1. 8.1944. Father is Tom Dinty Brunara F/B Mother is Julie Wongalla F/B Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 8 5 Employed adults 7 - Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 15 - 18 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 5 Employed adults 1 1 Children 0 - 2 1 3 - 5 2 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 2 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ BAUHINIA DOWNS Owner : Estate late H M Bathern Manager : Mr Tom Hughes H/C Exempted Situation : Licence : Mr Tom Hume, Manager, No 1669, issued on 7. 7.1952 from Native Affairs Branch, Alice Springs Inspection : Personal interview only with the Manager, at O.T. Station Inspection Date : 9th October, 1952 Employees Part Aboriginal Tom Hume H/C Exempted Age 61 years Born On or about 18.12.1891 at Walhallow Station Position Manager Father Tom Hume, deceased, European Mother Mrs Polly Hume F/B, deceased Married Widower (de facto wife Alice F/B, deceased) Children Percy Hume 3/4C, born about 1927, lives at Bauhinia Downs with his father but is not employed there Full Bloods Lodger Ouanabbi, aged 27 years, Tchingali tribe, Tchungula group, stockman, married, commenced end of August 1952. Leonard, aged 19 years, Tchingali tribe, Tchungula group, stockman, single. Leo Baalamurra, aged 17 years, Tchingali tribe, Tchungula group, stockman, single Family Groups Lodger Ouanabbi and Wife Rita Waalburra, Tchingali tribe, Naamitta group, unemployed Children Nil Nagi Nagi, ex Roper River, aged about 40 years, unemployed Wife Mabel Naamitta, Bin Binga tribe, aged about 34 years, not employed Children Leonard, father Nagi Nagi, mother not Mabel, employed Leo, father Nagi Nagi, mother not Mabel, employed Jimmy, 12 years, not employed, father Nagi Nagi, mother not Mabel, employed Hector 11 years, not employed, father Nagi Nagi, mother not Mabel, employed Notes Nagi Nagi and Mabel are considered nomads and to be just sitting at Bauhinia, because Leonard and Leo are employed.. Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 4 2 Employed adults 3 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 2 15 - 18 1 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 Employed adults 1 _________________________________________________________________ BEETALOO DOWNS Owner : Estate late H M Bathern Trustees : Bagot Executor and Trustee Co 170 North Terrace, Adelaide Estate : Beetaloo Downs, head station O.T. Station - Out station Bauhinia Downs - Out station Manager : Mr R Tiernan, General Manager of the three stations Situation : Beetaloo - 30 miles east of Newcastle Waters O.T. - 110 miles north east of Beetaloo Bauhinia Downs - 60 miles north of O.T. Licence : R Tiernan, Manager, Number 1665, issued 7. 7.1952 W Bathern, part owner, No 1666, issued 7. 7.1952 P Bostock, part owner, No 1667, issued 7. 7.1952 H Bathern, part owner, No 1668, issued 7. 7.1952 T Hume, Manager of Bauhinia Downs, No 1669, issued 7. 7.1952 All the above Licences issued by the Native Affairs Office, Alice Springs D Bathern, Manager of O.T., No 1278, issued 11.10.1952 (P.O. Bray) Inspection Date : 8, 9, 10, 11th October, 1952 Beneficiaries of the Estate W Bathern, P Bostock, H Bathern and the children of Angus Bathern, deceased February 1943 W Miller, deceased 10th April, 1951. Angus Bathern - Interest willed to widow Fannie Bathern, son Duncan Bathern and daughter Barbara Bathern (deceased 30th August, 1952). The late Barbara Bathern (unmarried), willed her interest to her two sons Ron Bathern born November 1937 and John Bathern born 26th November 1946. The will gives absolute discretion to the trustees. A credit is held by the Trust Co. and sums paid out on request to any of the Angus Bathern beneficiaries. W Miller - Interest willed to widow Agnes Miller, daughters Josie, Teresa, Alice, Margaret, and sons William and Henry - share and share alike. The Will gives absolute discretion to the Trustees. Note : Interest of original beneficiaries differs due to number of cattle etc. on hand at the time of H M Bathern's death in January, 1941. A payment of six pounds weekly is made to W Bathern, P Bostock, Duncan Bathern and Hughie Bathern plus all clothing and stores without charge. These items are all charged to the working expenses of the Station. Cameron Bostock, son of Peter Bostock, receives three pounds ten shillings weekly under the same arrangement. Employees Part Aboriginal Part owners who work on the Station :- W Bathern, P Bostock, Duncan Bathern and Hughie Bathern when present (at the moment in the Leprosarium, Darwin). Employed by the Station Cameron Bostock - H/C, 22 years, single Tom Hume - H/C, single, 61 years, manager of Bauhinia Downs Minnie Lansen - H/C, cook at O.T. 'Sammy' Doolan - 1/4C, female, cook at Beetaloo Station Aborigines (all males, no females employed) European Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Status Albert Oolonmarrie 30 Station Hand Married Beetaloo Bruce Codulia 28 Station Hand Single Ned Williambillcurrie 40 Station Hand Married Jim Baalingie 28 Station Hand Married Sam Oordinmudgie (or Wooderie) 54 Station Hand Married Widgee Manulingie 35 Station Hand Married Pompey Bingy 20 Station Hand Single Powder Youmbulla 20 Station Hand Single Deafie Marquika 25 Station Hand Married Clipper Lerimbie (or Douan Gut Gurra) 22 Station Hand Single Wallace Burangie 32 Station Hand Married Leo Ondinna 17 Station Hand Single All aborigines are from the Tchingali tribe. Accomodation Part Aboriginal Station buildings consist of four substantial bungalow type structures, after the style of Sidney Williams huts 60'*20' which they really are, plus additions of verandahs, partitions, etc. The four main buildings are in the form of a quadrangle, well spaced, with a separate dining room - kitchen combination. House No 1 : Occupied by Watty Bathern and family. House No 2 : Occupied when at Beetaloo by Mr and Mrs Peter Bostock Building No 3 : Store and Manager's residence. Three divisions - Managers room and office, store and 'Sammy' Doolan's quarters. Building No 4 : Visitor's quarters, or for women and children visitors from O.T., etc. Usually occupied by children during school holidays. Family Groups Part Aboriginals Watty Bathern H/C Age 52 years Born 1900 Beetaloo Father Late H M Bathern (European) Mother Norah F/B Occupation Part owner of the Bathern estate Wife Bessie (nee Bostock) H/C Children Mona Barbara H/C, born 6.10.1939 Beetaloo Harry H/C, born 30. 3.1942 Beetaloo Walter H/C, born 26. 5.1944 Beetaloo David Ernest H/C, born 17.12.1947 Alice Springs Janice H/C, born 23.10.1950 Beetaloo Bessie Bathern (nee Bostock) H/C Age 30 years Born June 1922 Beetaloo Father Peter Bostock H/C Mother Bella Bostock H/C Husband Watty Bathern, above Children Mona Barbara H/C, born 6.10.1939 Beetaloo Harry H/C, born 30. 3.1942 Beetaloo Walter H/C, born 26. 5.1944 Beetaloo David Ernest H/C, born 17.12.1947 Alice Springs Janice H/C, born 23.10.1950 Beetaloo Sammy Doolan 1/4C, female Age About 40 years Born Beetaloo Father Late H M Bathern Mother Charlotte H/C, deceased Husband De facto to C Turner (European), deceased 1947 Children Charlotte Turner, born October 1929, whereabouts unknown All of the above information was taken from Station records and information supplied by Mr Tiernan. Aboriginal Father Ned Yoolam Birri Currie or Williambillcurrie, 40 years Mother Doris Yoolooboora, 29 years Children MacArthur, born 19.11.1943 at Beetaloo Father Albert Colonmarrie, 30 years Mother Jinny Carjunbah, 20 years, group Ngunguri Children Delma, born 14. 5.1950 at Beetaloo Harold, born 22. 3.1952 at Beetaloo Father Jim Baalingie, 42 years Mother Amy Coorandilla, 30 years Children Nil Husband Widgee Manulingie, 35 years Wife Ruby Minagiga, 62 years Husband Sam Wooderie (or Cordinmudgie), 40 years Wife Ruby No 2 Bobilla, blind Husband Wallace Burangie Wife Noreen Widgieburn, 20 years Husband Deafie Marquika Wife Jeannette Alloo Gurenna, 16 years Most of the above males were not sighted. Child Endowment All half caste families receive payments regularly. No applications have ever been made for full blood Aboriginals. Applications for the undermentioned accompany this report :- (1) Ned and Doris and child Macarthur (above) (2) Albert and Jinny and children Delma and Harold (above) Dependants Lucy Judgirini or Cudipinni, 70 years, widow Norah Kilambie, 70 years, blind Sophie Chandoormilla, 80 years, widow, blind Kitty Bundongie, 80 years, blind and deaf Sarah Jinburrgoo, 65 years, widow Dolly Kolunka, 66 years (husband - Leprosarium) Donald Moorulla, 80 years, blind Note - Since writing the rough draft of this report at Beetaloo, Sophie Chandoormilla has died. Date 16.10.1952. She is eligible for Maintenance payments to this date. Births and Deaths Births since last inspection Father Albert Oolonmarrie Mother Jinny Carjunbah Child Harold, born 22. 3.1952 Deaths since last inspection Mary Bathern H/C Age 7 weeks Died 26.12.1951 Cause Influenza Information Completed by Constable Stott Nellie F/B Age 70 years Died 30. 4.1952 O.T. Station Cause Old Age Information Completed by Constable Stott Barbara Bathern H/C Age 33 years Died 30. 8.1952 Cause Stated by Mr Tiernan that following an operation in Darwin two years ago, the deceased never fully recovered, but was always sickly. She was toldto return to the Hospital three months after the operationbut she did not go back. Information Constable R Brown Notes The deceased, although unmarried, had two children - (1) Ronald, born November 1937, father unknown but said to be a full blood. Born in Darwin Hospital. (2) John, born 26.11.1946, father unknown, but said to have been a full blood. Attending the Convent in Alice Springs. Born in Darwin Hospital. Sophie Chandoormilla F/B Age 85 years approximately Died 16.10.1952 School Half caste children from O.T. and Beetaloo have been regular attendants at St Mary's Hostel, and the Convent, both in Alice Springs. A full list of the children now attending may be found on File 51/638. Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 12 10 Employed adults 11 - Children 0 - 2 1 1 3 - 5 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 15 - 18 1 1 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 3 2 Employed adults 3 2 Children 0 - 2 1 3 - 5 1 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 1 15 - 18 Children of half caste families who are attending school away from Beetaloo are not included in the above totals. _________________________________________________________________ ROCKHAMPTON DOWNS Owner : Australian Agricultural Company Manager :Mr G A Easey Licence : Mr G A Easey, No 2843, Manager Mr V Gardiner, No 2844, Head Stockman Both issued by Constable Deviney 3. 7.1952 Inspection Date : 19th September 1952 Employees Male Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Billy Grant Underjurrie 26 Stockman Freddie Buggagurrie 45 General Hand Tommy Joogooroo 40 General Hand Chuckler Wirrie Wirrie 36 Stockman Paris Mirrawudgie 54 General Hand Aussie Ujeragurrie 28 Stockman Johnnie Bungedurrendee 38 Stockman Paddy Birrajurie 26 Stockman Taylor Chapanunga 42 Stockman Barnabas Myinnoo 18 Stockman Len Gluggarudgie 18 Stockman Chunuma Gillyillgurrie 18 Stockman Jackie Dubbanuddie 22 Stockman Gerald Digutcurrie 45 Gardener Nipper Dunegiddegurrie 48 General Hand McGregor Uyeramorroo 63 General Hand Davie Beegullangoonoo 63 General Hand Waistcoat Queeramurra 34 Stockman Roderick Goolullegurrie 38 Stockman Female Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Minnie Wagunburna 40 Domestic Fannie Gibungnullie 40 Laundress Mollie Lilleria 40 Laundress Violet Bimbillie 19 Domestic Family Groups A complete list at that time was given in the report for 1950. There has been little alteration since but the undermentioned families are additional. Husband Westcot (Waistcoat) Queeramurra F/B, 34 years Wife Helip (Olive) Derrawanni F/B, 30 years Children Eileen, 10 years Sonny (Johnny), 8 years Dinah, 5 years Margaret, born 23. 1.1950 Toby, born 14. 6.1952 Husband Taylor Chapanunga F/B, 42 years Wife Netta Narbareenullie F/B, 19 years Children Evelyn, born 17. 1.1951 Gregory, born 30. 8.1952 Husband Johnnie Bungederrendee F/B, 38 years Second Wife Mavis 3/4C, ex Phillip Creek, no aboriginal name, about 21 years Children Phyllis (father said to have been Leo Casey H/C, born about 1. 8.1949 at Phillip Creek Births and Deaths Births Father Chuckler Wirrie Wirrie Mother Norah Moon Moonullie Child Not named, born 11. 9.1951, died 15. 2.1953 Father Westcot Queeramurra Mother Helip Derrawanni Child Toby, born 14. 6.1952 Father Tommy Joogooroo Mother Rosie Jimun Gullie Child Bob, born 23. 1.1952 Father Gerald Digutdurrie Mother Bessie Jill Bungoo Child Ned, born 2. 7.1951 Father Taylor Chapanunga Mother Netta Narbareenullie Child Evelyn, born 17. 1.1951 Gregory, born 30. 8.1952 Deaths One only. Unnamed infant child of Chuckler Wirrie Wirrie and Norah Moonmoonullie. Born 11. 9.1951 died 15. 2.1952. All formalities completed by Constable Mahoney, Anthony's Lagoon. Child Endowment Endowee Children Endowment from Nipper Dunegiddegurrie Rosie 30. 1.1951 Norah Moonmoonullie Alice 30. 1.1951 Elsie Kate Helip (Olive) Derrawanni Eileen 2. 1.1951 Johnny (Sonny) Dinah Kitty Cardie Reita 20. 6.1950 Fanny Gibungnullie Harry 20. 6.1950 Ann Minnie Wagunburna Jim 20. 6.1950 Rainyerie Frank Peter Colin Gracie Warringrulli Jane 20. 6.1950 Nancy Gunradirra Stan 20. 6.1950 Rosie Jimungullie Marion 20. 6.1950 Jessie Jillbungoo Jacky 20. 6.1950 Albert 2. 1.1951 Ruth 2. 1.1951 Jessie Ungillnulli Helen 20. 6.1950 Applications for Child Endowment Claims have been completedand submitted separately from this report, for the following :- Father Mother Child Date of Birth Gerald Digutcurrie Bessie Jillbungoo Ned 2. 7.1951 Tommy Joogooroo Rosie Jimungullie Bob 23. 1.1952 Taylor Chapanunga Netta Narbareenullie Evelyn 17. 1.1951 Taylor Chapanunga Netta Narbareenullie Gregory 30. 8.1952 Westcot Queeramurra Helip (Olive) Derrawanni Toby 14. 6.1952 Westcot Queeramurra Helip (Olive) Derrawanni Margaret 23. 1.1950 David Beegullangoonoo Winnie Munnanullie (S/mother) May 1. 7.1943 David Beegullangoonoo Winnie Munnanullie (S/mother) Wally 1. 3.1945 McGregor Uyeramorroo Nancy Gunradirra Paddy 1. 8.1950 Maintenance Adults Name Notes Johnson Indenunnoo Old man Blanche Giddeanulli H/C Wife of Johnson Ginnie II Wirrie Wirrie Widow Ginnie III Wuruglie Widow Nancy Gunradirra 3rd wife of employee McGregor Mavis 2nd wife of employee Johnnie Kitty Cardie Widow Jessie Ungillnulli Single, not employed Molly Lilleria 2nd wife of employee McGregor Children Name Notes May Ingirrinulla 9 years Wally Moonmoondrungoo 7 years Margaret 2 years Toby Born 14. 6.1952 Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 16 17 Employed adults 15 4 Children 0 - 2 6 3 3 - 5 8 6 - 10 7 4 11 - 14 1 1 15 - 18 4 2 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 4 2 Employed adults 4 Children _________________________________________________________________ NEWCASTLE WATERS Aged and Infirn Camp Native Affairs Branch Northern Territory Administration Elliott, N.T. 6th October, 1952 The Director of Native Affairs Darwin, N.T. AGED AND INFIRM CAMP : NEWCASTLE WATERS Reference is made to your memorandum of 19th and 25th September, 1952 - 52/463, relating to :- (1) Request through an officer of the P.M.G. Department publicised through the Darwin News Broadcast, with reference to a water supply for the camp. (2) A petition, through the same officer, to His Honour the Administrator requesting a water supply, erection of shower huts and an assurance that the tribe would not be disbanded. In my report on this camp, - 52/463 of 7th August 1952, a list of names of persons present at the camp on the previous day, was given, and also a paragraph regarding the water supply. Further information relating to these two items is appended, and also a rough sketch of the existing water supply facilities. The names listed on the copy of the petition are interesting, as reference to my detailed list of these people will show that some persons are not inmates of the camp, others are children from 3 years of age up to 14 years, and the great majority of 'signatures' are of employees of Newcastle Waters Station or their relations or members of their families. The instigator of the movement which eventuated into the interview with the P.M.G. official, was Beetaloo Bill who does not live in Newcastle Waters, but is employed by the Department of Works and resides at Elliott. The other 'old men' are as under :- Police Tracker Tommy, stationed at Elliott Police Tracker Duncan, stationed at Elliott Whitefoot Yaagoorung, employee of A E Sargeant storekeeper, Newcastle Waters Prentice Amirrigurrie, employee of Mr M Schober, Newcastle Waters Charlie Walla Loo Gurrie, formerly an employee of Newcastle Waters Station, now residing at Elliott It will be noted that not one of these 'old men' are bona fide residents of the Aged and Infirm Camp. PMG Official : It is considered that when approached by Beetaloo Bill in the first instance, this official should have immediately referred him to the writer, or failing my presence, to the officer in charge, Police Station, Elliott. It is also worthy of note that this official, in addition to his duties as Technician of the Repeater Station at Newcastle Waters (where his wife is Post-Mistress), is also the local Australian Broadcasting Commission correspondent and the correspondent for the newspaper - 'N.T. News'. He receives a financial consideration for each item of news published and each item broadcast. His 'sympathetic' consideration for aboriginals is motre truly indicated by his reluctance to pay his male employee more than 10/- per week, until pressure was brought to bear by the writer. There is no animosity between us, but there will be less interest taken in aboriginal matters by unauthorised persons when he leaves the district on the 23rd of this month. INMATES of the CAMP - AGED and INFIRM Tribe : Tchingali - Mudbra Name Aboriginal Name Sex Age Family Group Flag Nim Cockaada M 75 Tchumbilillie x Charlie Gilwannagurrie M 75 Tchugardai x Brumby Childngwanna M 80 Tchumbilillie Kidman Good Birrini Birri M 70 Tchubalya Lena Walla Dung Allie F 50 Ngangala x Marion Yallamia F 55 Numbijinna Carrie Cool Goo Lear F 60 Naamunna x Jill Burrung Ullie F 70 Lucy Killabirrini F 45 Naamitta x Hoppy Minyabullie F 50 Numbijinna Polly Wirrimungullie F 50 Ngunguri x = These names appear on the petition. OTHER NAMES on the PETITION (1) Employees of Newcastle Waters Station or wives or children of those employees or other employees. Tribe : Tchingali - Mudbra (unless otherwise stated) Name Aboriginal Name Sex Age Family Group Dick Yabun Dugga M 42 Tchumbilillie Old Roderick Mirri Jill Gurrie (Warramung) M 62 Tchumbilillie Clara Baalungallie F 52 Nowaula Topsy Wallungoo F 62 Naamitta Maudie Lurri Ungallie F 55 Ngalyirri Dinah Moorong Allie F 48 Ngunguri Bessie Yilillie F 27 Numbijinna Dulcie Doonmia F 25 Ngalyirri Rosie Laa Bobbi F 20 Ngalyirri Lady Muggen Jung Iwarra F 22 Ngimarra Tommy Cooradjite M 20 Tchugardai Ned Waar Nar Jarra M 19 Tchunama Bindy Goodminge M 40 Tchunguri Pharlap Dibli M 25 Tchabulya Paddy Marloo Jerrie M 35 Tchugardai Big Head War Bar Gurrie M 65 Tchugardai Hughie Jimmun Gurrie M 60 Tchumbilillie (W'munga) Fat Tommy Naskuli M 65 Tchubaartta Jack Maandagurrie M 55 Tchugardai Billy Bittingurrie M 40 Tchumbilillie (W'munga) Kathleen Yerollnallie F 37 Numbijinna (Wailpri) Gladys Cumboona F 35 Naamunna Linda Canyearlinda F 4 Ngangala Ian M 3 Tchungula Ruth Carngingnallie F 11 Nowaula Noreen Bungdoungnallie F 13 Nowaula Dooly Djutia F 4 Nowaula Harney (Annie) Jaakita F 2 Nowaula (2) Other residents of Newcastle Waters, whose names appear on the Petition, but who do not necessarily live in the Aged and Infirm Camp. Name Aboriginal Name Sex Age Family Group Remarks Whitefoot Yaagoorung M 45 Tchabulya Employed at Store Amelia Widgie Lillie F 38 Ngimarra Employed at Store Beetaloo Bill M 45 Tchunguri Resides at Elliott Duncan Wallum Burra Wung M 35 Tchubaarta Police Tracker Charlie Walla Loo Gurrie M 30 Tchunguri Resides at Elliott Old Sago M 60 Tchumbilillie Visitor for one week from Wave Hill Rogin Tindin Goo M 35 Tchunguri Employee of PMG Newcastle Waters Little Robin Igalumba M 30 Tchunguri Itinerant Eileen Mingmingyallie F 11 Ngagala Lives at Newcastle Waters Elsie Jaa Googu F 30 Ngalyirri Wife of Duncan Dolly Numia F 45 Ngalyirra Wife of Mick (employed at store at Newcastle Waters) Dolly F Nasmunna Week end visitor from Daly Waters Prentice Amirrigurrie M 40 Tchungula Employed by M Schober Daisy Loondoonullie F 40 Ngunguri Resides at Elliott Barbara Yallowongallie F 17 Ngangala Resides at Elliott Nancy Go Min Duck F 35 Naamitta Wife of Prentice Sadie Taanawungnallie F 14 Numbijinna Daughter of Nancy Morphy M 35 Tchunama Itinerant George M Tchabulya Visitor from Victoria River Downs All the above are Tchingali - Mudbra excepting Morphy who is Wailpri, and Duncan - Wombaia, Old Sago - Mudbra, Daisy and Barbara - Mudbra. (3) The undermentioned names appear on the petition, but cannot be located. Neither can any information about them gathered from Police Tracker Tommy or Beetaloo Bill's wife. Old Cleave Maisie Colby Shavie WATER SUPPLY Newcastle Waters is supplied with water from one bore and a storage tank of 10,000 gallons. Reticulation is by small pipes to Hotel, Post Office, residences etc. The aged and infirm aboriginals must walk to the bore site where a convenient tap is available for them. The distance from the bore to the tank is 187 paces, and from the tank to the camp, (at the 'Church' which is centrally situated in the camp) 795 paces. The distance stated in the petition as 1 1/4 miles is absurb, and would reach a point well beyond the camp. The watering point requested by the inmates of the camp is a distance of approximately 400 yards from the tank, in a westerly direction. Installation of a watering point, with or without showers would be simple in the extreme, given the necessary piping. The tank is already there and a junction with one of the existing reticulation pipes is all that is required. Directions approximate only. Not compass bearings. APPENDIX 1 List showing tribal relationships of inmates of the Aged and Infirm Camp and employees of the Newcastle Waters Station. The 'Skin' Group mentioned is common to both columns 1 and 3. Aged and Infirm Skin Group Employees Nim Cockaada Tchumbilillie Dick Yabun Dugga Brumby Childngwanna Old Roderick Mirrie Jill Gurrie Hughie Jimmun Gurrie Billy Bittingurrie Charlie Gillwanna Gurrie Tchungardai Paddy Marloo Jerrie Big Head War Bar Gurrie Jack Maandagurrie Kidman Good Birrini Birri Tchubalya Pharlap Dibli Lena Walla Dung Allie Ngangala Linda Canyearlinda (daughter of employee Dick Yabundugga) Marion Yallamia Numbijinna Bessie Yilillie, wife of an employee Kathleen Yerollnallie, wife of an employee Carrie Cool Goo Lear Naamunna Baigie, wife of employee Edgar Lucy Killabirrini Ngalyirri Sister of Big Head and Jack Maandagurrie Hoppy Minyabullie Numbijinna Bessie and Kathleen above Polly Wirrimung Ngunguri Sister to wife of Major Taylor (Head Stockman) Note Jill Burrung Ullie - although this name was given to us as being a recipient of rations, latest information indicates that she is now at Phillip Creek Native Settlement. John E Bray T/Patrol Officer _________________________________________________________________ LAKE NASH STATION Owner : Queensland National Pastoral Company Manager : Mr H S Paine Licence : Mr H S Paine, Manager, No 284 Mr H G Paine, Head Stockman, No 285 Mr D King, Overseer, No 286 Mr M Dunn, Overseer, No 287 All the above Licences were issued on 7th July 1952 by Constable L R Cossons Inspection Date : 31st August 1952 Employees European Name Aboriginal Name Age Position Alby Arebulla 26 years Stockman Albert Ai-uraka 18 Stockman Beasley Warramerra 42 Engineer's O/S Captain 20 Stockman Camel Jack Umbidjargill 57 Pumper Frank Toby 25 Stockman George (jnr) 19 Stockman Harry 19 Stockman Jerry Jnungara 67 General Hand Jasper Jugara 22 Stockman Left Hand Mick Inoouck 72 General Hand Mick Mowaldurra 37 Pumper Mannie Alyuta 21 Stockman Paddy Alta Ing Ooge 34 Pumper Punch Jumbulka 62 Gardener Powder Jungala 18 Stockman Pussycat Tommy Brossler 28 Pumper Philomac Kradinjin 32 Pumper Roy Rusty Albanjula 25 Stockman Sambo Dedandarah 67 General Hand Tiger Inoora 47 Engineer's O/S Skipper Aroogara 57 Cook's O/S Wally Kuranpinlega 25 Stockman Wirra Warra Jack 62 Pumper Additional since 1950 Barney 65 Pumper Avon Bob Tchugan Buga 60 Pumper Mussely 15 Stockman Johnny 16 Gardener Charlie 16 Stockman Female Employees Daisy Goodjaboo 39 Laundress Polly Un Unda 38 Domestic Tilly Yeelyi 16 Domestic Annie 19 Domestic Dorrie Ooda Worrick 42 Domestic Ivy Balbambooka 37 Domestic Dorothy 16 Domestic Halfcaste Employees Darkie King, Overseer Harry Mahoney, Boundary Rider / Pumper, has family Payments and Credits Under-payments for Captain Mussely and Powder who are now second year stockmen Family Groups A complete list of families at Lake Nash in 1950 was given in the report for that year. Additional families since the report are as under :- Father Avon Bob Tchugan Buga, 60 years Mother Edie Mai Jung Janga, 40 years Children Johnny, 16 years Henry, 9 years Stevens, 11 years Father Harry Mahoney H/C, 57 years Mother Rose Mahoney F/B, 42 years Children Doreen F/B, 17 years Lizzie 3/4C, 12 years Ronny 3/4C, 10 years Dolly 3/4C, 7 years Jessie 3/4C, 4 years Notes Lizzie Mahoney is at present with Mrs Ivor Paine at Barcklay Station, adjoining Lake Nash. Father Unknown Mother Doreen Mahoney F/B, above, 17 years Children Charles H/C, 2 years Child Endowment Mother Mabel Indai Googa Children Sylvia Toby Dave Alf Georgie Mother Rose Mahoney Children Lizzie Ronnie Dolly Jessie Mother Doreen (Mahoney) Children Charles Mother Polly Un Unda Children Louie Mother Tiny Lamorga Children Colleen Mother Annie Children Connie Alice Mother Daisy Ngingi Children Peter Johnny Mother Doris Ooda Worrick Children Mussely Alun Illiga Billy Dot Alabaja Mother Elsie Poortajaburra Children Nellie Linda Katie Ethel Mother Ivy Nyuda Children Micky Dunn Cecil Keith Betty Mother Ivy Balambooka Children Dorothy Nancy Mother Daphne Ngalia Un Bugga Children Danny Raymond Alfie Gladys Joan Elizabeth Mother Tiny Ngoorung Brunga Children Hilda Mother Lily Runing Bugga Children Minnie Rose Mahoney - In a letter to the Manager of Lake Nash Station from Social Services dated 13th June 1952, the following passage occurs :- 'Rose Mahoney - on your advice it appears that the endowment should be paid through the Department of Native Affairs, although up to the time of writing no representation from that Department has been received. It would appear that endowment for child Lizzie should not have been made after her transfer to Mrs Ivor Paine (see remarks re Mussely and Dorothy above). This being the case there would be an overpayment of approximately 26 pounds. If you will return the amount of 132 pounds included in my cheque, the correct amount will be passed onto the Department of Native Affairs. If you so desire, the 132 pounds can be withheld from your July payments. Please advise your wishes on this point.' The application for Child Endowment for Rose Mahoneywas submitted from Tobermorey Station on or about 22nd October 1950, by the writer. Since then the Mahoney's have left Tobermorey and secured employment at Lake Nash. The father, Harry Mahoney, is a half caste and receives Award Rates of 13 pounds 1 shilling and 11 pence per week. He entirely maintains his own family and purchases all food and clothing for them out of his wages. It is recommended that his Endowment payments for all children excepting Lizzie be forwarded to the Trust Account for withdrawal as he sees fit. Lake NAsh Station is quite agreeable to this, as the manager considers that Harry Mahoney is quite well off and would perhaps appreciate the Child Endowment money at some future date, by way of withdrawal from the Trust Account. The cheque for 132 pounds is retained by the Station, and advice would be appreciated by them as to its disposal. Lizzie Mahoney - Now that this child is in the care and custody of Mrs Ivor Paine, it appears that she is no longer entitled to Endowment benefits, and the Station would appreciate advice on this point also. Mussely and Dorothy - The reference in the letter from Social Services deals with the question of continuance of Endowment moneys, owing to the fact that these two haverecently been placed on the list of employees. They are still however in the care and custody of the parents by virtue of the fact that they are still living in the samecamp as their parents. The letter uses the term 'if the child goes out and maintains itself (then) endowment payments would be discontinued'. The fact that these two have secured employment on Lake Nash Station at 12/6 and 10/- per week respectively, can hardly be termed maintaining oneself, but this same question may occur again and a direction would be appreciated as to whether applications should be made for children (under 16 years) who are nethertheless employed. Additional applications for Child Endowment have been submitted by the Station for the undermentioned (this list is also of Births since last inspection.) :- Child Eileen Born 12. 4.1951 Father Beasley Warrmerra Mother Daisy Ngingi Child Margaret Born 25. 7.1951 Father Tommy Brossler Mother Tiny Lamorga Child Sheila Born 11. 8.1951 Father Wallaby Arrorarruga Mother Annie Child Hazel Born 12. 1.1952 Father Frank Toby Lamooga Mother Dolly Forms of information for the above submitted by Constable Parsons. Child Eileen Born 15. 5.1952 Father Bob Kilpinga Mother Ida Child Pauline Born 6. 1.1952 Father Paddy Alta Ing Ooga Mother Ivy Nyuda Child Jesse Born 10. 8.1952 Father Mick Mowaldurra Mother Daphne Ngalia Un Bugga Child Willie Born 8. 7.1952 Father Barney Raa Gunna Rooka Mother Florrie Forms of information for the above submitted by Constable Cossons Births and Deaths Deaths since last inspection :- Mary Wirra, died 29. 6.1951, pneumonia Soudan Charlie Pidjarra, died 26. 7.1951, old age Molly Gwgardi, died 9. 9.1951, old age Charlie Bulla, died Not Recorded, old age Forms of information for the above submitted by Constable Parsons Christine, died 3. 5.1952, not defined This child died at Barklay Downs and all formalities were completed by the Camooweal Police. Dependants Claims for Maintenance of Dependants may be submitted in the near future. The following are the names of those eligible at date :- Name Aboriginal Name Age Notes Frank Nomorinuck 67 years Minnie Lubingalla 70 Widow Cabbage Mick 70 Blind Molly Baallaaninga 60 Lilly Runing-buga 50 Widow Gilbert Ali-leda 60 Maudie Dobun Dugga 60 Larry A Teat Un Deriga 70 Topsy Inmin Dariniggaa 65 Maudie Yai Jai Jirra 60 Jinny Aper Bring Appi 58 Widow Blind Mary Ilari Nuck 70 Blind Nomads ex Sandover Ted Undridjba, 55 years George Ilki Ungara, 50 years Part Aboriginal Employees Name Darkie King H/C Age About 40 years Position Head Stockman Father Walter King, European Mother Said to be Topsy F/B, Barklay Downs, Queensland Wife Nellie Mormadaga F/B, aged about 22 years Marriage De facto Children Henry, born 1.10.1950 at Mt Isa Hospital Name George Speechley H/C Age 66 years Position Camp Cook Father Unknown Mother Unknown Wife Annie Sticks F/B, cripple, aged about 42 years Marriage De facto Children Georgie Speechley born 11. 3.1947, now at Doomadgee Mission Name Mick Dunn H/C Age 41 years Position General Maintenance Father Unknown Mother Unknown Marriage Single Name Harry Mahoney H/C Age 55 years Position Boundary Rider / Pumper Father Unknown Mother Unknown Wife Rose Mahoney F/B, aged about 43 years Marriage De facto Children Lizzie 3/4C, 12 years Ronnie 3/4C, 10 years Dolly 3/4C, 7 years Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 35 30 Employed adults 27 6 Children 0 - 2 1 8 3 - 5 1 7 6 - 10 11 4 11 - 14 6 4 15 - 18 3 3 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 4 Employed adults 4 Children 0 - 2 1 3 - 5 1 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 ___________________________________________________________________ SOUDAN STATION Owner : North Australian Pastoral Company Manager : Mr T N Groom Licence : Mr T N Groom, No 346, issued 3. 7.1952 by Constable Definey Inspection Date :17th September, 1952 Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Soudan Jacky Jackamin 35 years Stockman Roy Coompa Ran 37 General Hand Joe Tchungala 17 Stockman Jacky Bunge Des 15 Stockman David Naa Goo 15 Stockman Freddy Tchugardai 16 Stockman Clara Minuminni 32 Domestic Ivy Moollera 30 Domestic Services terminated on 31. 8.1952 Barney Wallung Oorong Ooru 42 Emily Booby 40 Friday Vin Jabbi 37 Emily Booby receives a monthly payment of 10 pounds from Child Endowment ex Trust Account, Darwin. The above three are reported to be making for Borroloola, and it is recommended that payments to Emily be suspended pending further advice as to where she settles down. Payments and Credits Credits present for David Freddie Jackie Joe Rations Station cook is Mrs Wing, a Chinese / Aboriginal woman. Family Groups Father Jacky (Soudan) Jackamin Mother Clara Minuminni Children Betty 3/4C, 8 years Tony 3/4C, 6 years Billy William H/C, 3 years Glorina F/B, born July 1951 Father Roy Inyeralong Mother Ivy Moolera Children Rene Coon Lai Ube, 10 years Notes This family was at Alexandria in 1950. Names recorded then were Roy Inyeralong and Ivy Marlrube. Father Unknown Mother Clara Minnuminni Children Billy William H/C (see above), born 26.10.1949 Births and Deaths Glorina, born about July 1951 at Soudan Station to Jacky (Soudan) Jackamin and Clara Minuminni. Child Endowment Received by Emily Booby Clara Minuminni Ivy Moolera _________________________________________________________________ AVON DOWNS STATION Owner : Peel River Land and Mineral Co Ltd Manager : Mr R T Schmidt Licence : Mr R T Schmidt, No 2837, Manager Mr H E Lewis, No 2838, Head Stockman Inspection Date :15th September 1952 Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Status Frank Koorandi 47 years Stockman Married Alick Walibulu 26 Stockman Single Tobacco Jacky Moodoo Sinma 52 Stockman Married Larrakin 62 Gardener Married Lizzie Munna Murinu Domestic Married Kathleen Domestic Married Family Groups Father Larrikin Mother Kathleen Children Eric, 14 years Ivy, 10 years Kevin, 6 years Father Tobacco Jack Mother Lizzie Munna Murinu Children Nil _________________________________________________________________ GALLIPOLI STATION Owner : North Australian Pastoral Co Ltd Manager : Mr R L McCullagh Licence : Mr R L McCullagh, Manager, No 348 James Boothe, Head Stockman, No 349 Inspection Date : 1st September, 1952 Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Status Captain Wallundungunna 37 years Stockman Married Norman Nuagu 58 Pumper Married Bill Jangarrie 49 Pumper Married Frank Tchubulda 20 Stockman Single Johnny Tchugula 25 Stockman Single Alfie Tcheradoo 19 Stockman Single Roy * Tchungula 17 Stockman Single Teddy * Tchungula 16 Stockman Single Popeye * Tchungari 17 Stockman Single Johnnie II * Tchabanunga 19 Stockman Single George * Tchungula 18 Stockman Single Laurie * Tchuckamurra 18 Stockman Single Ned Talungi 56 General Hand Single Amy Murrnab 27 Domestic Binda Tamau 52 Domestic Winnie Toogoolmarra 27 Domestic * = From Yuendumu Family Groups Father Henry Jagalla Mother Winnie Toogoolmarra Children William Kulmalundo, 9 years Dependents As for 1950, three only. Nellie Yurrum Binna Kitty Yum Binn Alina Charlie Napolari _________________________________________________________________ BRUNETTE DOWNS Owner : The Gulf Cattle Company Manager : Mr E Barnes Licence : E W Barnes, Manager, No 1273 A S McColl, Overseer, No 1274 John Tracey, Head Stockman, No 1275 A E Brown, Engineer, No 1276 W McIntosh, Engineer, No 1277 Inspection Date : 26th August, 1952 Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Albert Cun Jerry Abbie 50 years General Hand Alec Won Biaabi 30 Stockman Anthony Arthur Juddes 30 Stockman Anthony Sam Gudging Garrie 50 Stockman Anthony Sambo Joo Joo Gurrie 40 Stockman Big Head Tommy Yungura Mudgee 50 General Hand Bruce Baralla Mudgee 50 Stockman Brunette Bob Mine Arroogi 50 Gardener Coolah Paddy Julinga Mudgee 45 Engineer O/S Dan Bitti Gooangi Onnu 40 Engineer O/S Davey Naajaaba 28 Stockman Freddie Booth 40 Stockman Frankie Poogavalley 25 Stockman Horace Billa Mudgie 30 Stockman Johnny Mudbirrirri 30 General Hand Lansen Janta Might Bi 30 Stockman Yellow Jacky Mobililly 40 Stockman Mailman Charlie Ainung Unda 55 General Hand Myall Charlie Billi Abbong Oonu 55 Stockman Nugget Jabunbi 30 Stockman Nugget Biardadi 30 Engineer O/S Norman Gunga Jurooga 30 Stockman Old Tommy Bimbi (Wain Bunbi) 80 Gardener Old Jack Jogaoma 70 Gardener Pudden Jabitoo 30 General Hand Peter Gung Undu 35 General Hand Pluto Yandi Mi 50 Stockman Ringer Mi Unda Mudgie 30 General Hand Sam Long Currang A Mudgie 50 Cooks O/S Sandy Yung Giun Nirryi 60 Kitchen Tommy McCracken Moubeta Noaarkin 30 Stockman Ted Ardellagaii 14 Stockman Willie Wibbul Garrie 22 Stockman Angeline Baalini Murra 25 Store Bessie Groo Groo 25 Store Bibbie Wai-bulla 17 Domestic Gladys Cul Yumma 17 Domestic Georgina Berrengie Minni 40 Laundress Flora Ya Mungie Munna 20 Domestic Lena Yavalroy 28 Domestic Molli Currie I Mong 25 Domestic Mary Umudgie Binna 50 Domestic Norah Car Na Lumin 50 Laundress Salad Daslang A 17 Domestic Sarah Pullam Beana 50 Store Payments and Credits Credits: A list of credits for all the above employees has been attached to the Employment Returns for 30th June 1952. Excessive Credits: These have been brought about, in the case of women, by accumulated amounts of Child Endowmentpayments. These came to hand in March 1952, although applications had been made in August 1950. Those people most affected are :- Angeline Annie Flora Ruby Queenie Sarah Una Family Groups Father Horace Billa Mudgie Mother Joan Yettie Lim, deceased Children Marie, born 4th October 1951 Father Bruce Baralla Mudgie Mother Gladys Cul Yumma Children Ted, born 31st October 1950 Father Alec Won Biaabi Mother Salad Daalang A Children Nancy, born 6th December 1950 Father Davey Naajaaba Mother Ussell Waar Gurrina Children Irene, born 16th March 1951 Father Tommy McCracken Mou Beta No Sarkin Mother Emma Bolla Murra Children Jill, born 4th February 1951 Father Dan Bitti Goorangi Onnu Mother Queenie Cudgin Brauna Children Gracie, born 1st April 1952 Father Arthur Juddee Mother Flora Ya Mungie Munna Children Joe, born 18th June 1952 Father Sambo Joo Joo Gurrie Mother Lena Yaval Warrie Children Penny, born 26th August 1952 Births and Deaths Joan Lettia Lim died 17th March 1952 from TB. Child Endowment Endowee Lena Avelroy (Yaval Warrie) Children Dick, aged 3 years Endowee Una Cudalio (Juling Ju) Children Texas, aged 2 years Endowee Sarah Pulambeana Children Doris, aged 8 years Endowee Angeline Belindantar Children Peggy, aged 6 years Katie, aged 3 years Endowee Flora Ya Mungie Munna Children Judy, aged 5 years Roger, aged 3 years Joe, aged 2 months Endowee Ruby Lidyina Children Paul, aged 4 years Endowee Queenie Kungibrun (Cudgin Brauna) Children Helen, aged 9 years Topsy, aged 7 years Janette, aged 4 years Chloe, aged 2 years Gracie, aged 5 months Endowee Gladys Cully Ungina Children Ted, aged 2 years Endowee Ruby Daar Ing Anna Binna Children Ivy, aged 14 years Endowee Ussell Waar Gurinna Children Irene, aged 1 year Endowee Charlotte (Salad) Taalongallie Children Nancy, aged 1 year Endowee Una Cadalio (aunt of deceased sister's child) Children Marie, aged 1 year Endowee Emma Bolla Murra Children Jill, aged 1 year Endowee Annie Garrie Ma Binna (aunt) Children Rosaline, aged 12 years Maggie, aged 10 years Endowee Una Cadalio (aunt of deceased sister's child) Children Jerry, aged 5 years Part Aboriginals The Manager, Mr E W Barnes, will not employ a half caste. and any white employee found interfering with aboriginal women is dismissed. Two jackeroos have been dismissed for this reason since 1950. The only half castes on Brunette are :- Norah Car Nar Lumin, 47 years, wife of Brunette Bob F/B and mother of Yellow Jacky Mobililly 3/4C. Paul, 4 years, born August 1948, son of Ruby Lidyina, father unknown. Dependants Blind Rosie, aged Old Lena, 70 years Ivy Aar Gel Lumina, 14 years Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 32 25 Employed adults 32 9 Children 0 - 2 3 7 3 - 5 3 3 6 - 10 5 11 - 14 2 15 - 18 1 3 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 Employed adults Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 1 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ ALEXANDRIA STATION Owner : North Australian Pastoral Co, formerly Alexandria Station Pty Ltd Manager : Mr R H Murray Licence : R H Murray, Manager, No 343 Dave Carden, Head Stockman, No 344 Alan Crisp, Engineer, No 345 Sidney Skinner, Mechanic, No 347 Inspection Date :22rd August 1952 Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Bob Limbin-urrawan 53 years Cooks O/S Chuckler Bairant 31 Engineers O/S Prince Douwangoo-jang Onnu 35 General Hand Roy Inyeralong 34 Engineers O/S Long Norman Bunga-rooba 43 General Hand Duncan Gooroo Dumudgie 39 General Hand Mick Ginbirri Dugjuna 52 General Hand Hector Ooroonya Mulla 52 General Hand Charlie Yowgongongi 42 General Hand Pumper Ned Narogulangi 67 Pumper (terminated 30. 6.1951) Yabba (Wyndham) Yangamee 45 Engineers O/S (commenced 1. 5.1952) Danny Jingallie-jongoonu 27 Stockman Limerick Yangie-mandouwan 27 Stockman Drover Jacky Conkaberry Armadilla 37 Stockman Ginger Tchubalyi Stockman (terminated December 1951, recommenced May 1952) Tracker Dick Koolamona 65 General Hand Freddie Dingmaiarri 28 Stockman Davie Bullungannan Jarrie 40 Gardener Teddy Chungulu 16 Stockman Gardener Dick Larra Jamudgie 60 Gardener Sam Long Wurranda Mudgie General Hand Trixie Oonyang Oobe 17 Domestic Violet 23 Domestic Gypsy Binging-ullie 25 Domestic Alice Murramoolibe 40 Domestic Bobbin Myryim-brube 17 Domestic Daisy Cubungbinyarra 45 Domestic Jemima 22 Domestic Big Molly Ilda-jirube 29 Domestic Molly Nabooga 52 Domestic Mya Mya Ngiringbuna 24 Domestic Myra Dadjabdad 32 Domestic Rosie Burrgulube 55 Laundress Bessie Neddijumman Yarra 18 Domestic Lucy Bringunallie 29 Domestic Family Groups Father Victor Cowulga Mother Jemima Dudgin-gurina Children Tucker H/C, born 25.10.1951 Father Wilson Congongi Mother Lucy bringun-allie Children Male infant, born 6. 9.1951, deceased November 1951 Amos, born 8. 8.1952 Father Prince Douwan Mother Big Molly Ildajirube Children Terry, born 10.11.1950 Jedda, born 31. 7.1952, female Father Charlie Yow-gong ongi Mother Myra Dadj Dadjab Children John H/C, born 31. 5.1951 Father Dan Jing Alliejong Oonu Mother Trixie Conyang Ube Children Susan, born 9. 6.1951 Father Limerick Yangie Man Douwan Mother Bobbin Myryim Brube Children Angus, born 15. 8.1951 Forms of Information: Submitted for all the above, by the Station book keeper (Mr Palmer) excepting the two most recent - Jedda and Amos. These two have been completed at date, and are forwarded with this report. Child Tucker H/C: Mother F/B as above. Father - said bt the mother to be Jack Draper, European, employed as butcher. Draper denied paternity to Constable Deviney. Child John H/C: Mother F/B as above. Father - said to be Draper, who denies paternity. Both Jemima and Myra have had several childrenl, nearly all by different fathers, both European and half caste, and it would be most difficult to ascertain the true paternity with any of their children. Deaths Male infant, aged 5 days, died 11. 9.1951, pneumonia Yellow Molly Kingalliara, died 23. 3.1952, heart failure Cockney Munda Rando, died 8. 5.1952, old age Sambo Toojooroojoo, died 2. 2.1951, old age Lizzie Nanja, died 11. 5.1952, heart failure Child Endowment Endowee Jemima Budgin Gurina Children Betty, aged 7 years Elizabeth, aged 6 years Timmy, aged 3 years Tucker H/C, aged 1 year Endowee Lucy Bringunallie Children Lurick, aged 13 years Audrey, aged 10 years Louise, aged 4 years Amos, born 8. 8.1852 Endowee Big Molly Ildjirube Children Irene, 11 years Alma, 9 years David, 6 years Chloe, 3 years Terry, 2 years Jedda, born 31. 7.1952 Endowee Ivy Marlrube Children Rene, 11 years Endowee Rosie Burragulube Children Chingaloo, 12 years Bob Watson H/C, 5 years Endowee Bessie Neddijumanyarra Children Jeffrey, 2 years Endowee Myra Dadjdadjab Children Peggy H/C, 7 years Patrick H/C, 3 years John H/C, 1 years Endowee Yellow Molly Kingaliarra, deceased 31. 3.1952 Children William, 6 years Jimmy, 4 years Endowee Gypsy Bingingullie Children Banka Banka, 7 years Endowee Violet Children Edna, 5 years Banjo, 4 years Endowee Trixie Oonyang-ube Children Susan, 1 year Endowee Bobbin Myryimbrube Children Angus, 1Endowee Trixie Oonyang-ube Children Susan, 1 year Endowee Mya-mya Ngiringbuna Children Margaret, 7 years Cyclone, 4 years Dependants Maintenance is claimed for the following persons :- Cockney Nunda Rando, deceased 8. 5.1952 Nellie Kumbariube, widow of Cockney Goanna George, deceased 27. 7.1950 Gardener Dick Larra Ja-mudgie, terminated employment 1. 7.1951 Sambo Toojooroojoo, deceased 2. 2.1951 Pumper Ned Narogulanji, terminated employment 30. 6.1951 Victor Cowulga, very old man Sam Long Wurranda Mudgie, cripple Kathleen Gurrie-ima, old widow All of the above were at Alexandria at the time of the last inspection in 1950, excepting Goanna George - deceased 27. 7.1950 With the exception of the deceased, all others named above are still here. Employees ex Yuendumu Of the eleven aborigines employed in 1951, one died of heart failure (Sandy). The other ten were returned to Yuendumu, and in May 1952 sixteen were further employed. of these sixteen nine were employees of the previous year. The tenth boy, Allan, did not return because of his marriage. The undermentioned are employees from Yuendumu :- At Alexandria Name Employed Employed Paddy Tchubalyi 1951 1952 Kenny Tchungari 1951 1952 Albert Tchabonarrie 1951 1952 Michael Tchabonarri 1951 1952 Simpson Tchubalyi 1952 Paddy No 2 Tchuckamurra 1952 At Soudan Joe Tchungula 1952 Freddy Tchungari 1951 1952 David Tchubarula 1951 1952 Jack Tchuckamurra 1951 1952 At Gallipoli George Tchungula 1951 1952 Teddy Tchungula 1951 1952 Popeye Tchungari 1952 Johnny No 2 Tchabanunga 1952 Laurie Tchuckamurra 1952 Roy Tchungula 1952 Halfcaste Male Employee Husband George Storey H/C, employed as mechanic Wife Joyce H/C, from Mt Isa Children Robert, born on or about 20. 1.1952 Census Male Female Total adults 27 13 Employed adults 24 11 Children 0 - 2 5 2 3 - 5 4 3 6 - 10 3 6 11 - 14 2 2 15 - 18 1 3 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 1 Employed adults 1 Children 0 - 2 2 3 - 5 2 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ ALROY DOWNS Owner : The Playford River Pastoral Company Manager : Mr George Lewis Licence : George Lewis, No 2839 W J Perks, Head Stockman, No 2840 George Clair, Engineer, No 2841 All issued by Constable Deviney on 28th July 1952 Inspection Date : 18th August 1952 A change of ownership recently occurred. This station is now owned as above, as from 30th June1952. The Managership is the same, and to date no change has been made in respect to aboriginal employment. Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Jacky Cumburrajong 47 Engineers O/S Bean Mightbidouwan 62 Camp Cook Avon Willie Bong On Allie 62 General Hand Sambo Queer Allala 45 Stockman Johnny Jungalunga 33 Stockman Willie Cullie Murong Oonu 37 Stockman Pompey Culla Gona 62 (deceased) Peter Walla-ginong 27 (deceased 14. 3.1952) Francis Bijarramudgie 30 Stockman Ned Bringalligurrie 45 Stockman Darbin Wijabulung 18 Stockman Henry Moornaioongu 17 Stockman Tommy Chubala 57 Stockman Murphy Undjigurrie 29 Stockman Roy Marrawulla 16 Stockman Hector Ginvra 14 Stockman Robin Jowbalda 14 Stockman Donald Wailaddi 47 General Hand Killrain Bunwunda Garrie 50 General Hand Gingle Goodogoodendi 67 General Hand Victor Bidbigarrie 45 (deceased 7. 3.1952) Andy Lubbalubba 22 Stockman Nugget Artengi 13 Stockman Tyson Goorongoodjie 40 General Hand Dinah Bullungullie 35 Domestic Carrie Cheddahbinna 42 Domestic Lucy Undi 13 Domestic Sybil Bassrupe 10 Domestic Jill Narva 9 Domestic Mary Walladunn 19 Domestic Ivy Yambba-yabbma 23 Domestic Dora Ngungalumma 20 Domestic Elsie Numbuddie / Currie-mulla 60 Domestic Sybil and Jill : Although shown on the Employment return as employees, these two girls do not work. They spend their time around the shelter shed at the homestead and are generally occupied in nursing babies belonging to domestics. It has been the custom at Alroy to give these girls money to spend at the Brunette Races (1950 - 2 pounds ten shillings each). For Station book keeping purposes they are listed as 'employees' to cover the amounts given as gifts. Family Groups A complete list of family groups as at August 1950 was included in the report at that time. The undermentioned are additional since or, in the case of a complete family being given, new arrivals. Husband Willie Culli Murong Oondu First Wife Ivy Second Wife Mary Walladunn (ex Phillip Creek) Children Joyce, 2 years, born Alroy Downs, mother Mary Brian, born 27. 7.1952 Alroy Downs, mother Mary Husband Tyson Goorongmudgie Wife Dora Ngungalumma Children Juliette Linboonda, born November 1951 at Alroy Downs Husband Avon Willie Bong On Allie Wife Kitty Banga Children Jesse, born 18. 2.1952 at Alroy Downs Endowment claims have been submitted for the above names :- Joyce, Jesse, Juliette and Brian. Child Endowment Endowee Ivy Yambba-yabbama Children Pansy Allan Rose Endowee Maria Ladjindi Children Teddy Artengi Susie Betty Norah Lucy Endowee Violet Monna-lemi Children Lorna Endowee Maudie Booroonga Children Carol Ludday Endowee Kitty Banga Children Sybil Linda Midgie Mudgarra Mabel Bungundru Tony Endowee May Vooralyn Children Roy Marrawulla Hector ginvra Jill Narva Lily Endowee Dinah Bullong-ullie Children Robin Jowbalda Jeffrey Dependants There are no old people on Alroy and the only claims which appear likely are for Carol Ludday (second wife of Killrain) only. Part Aborigines William Allen - Halfcaste, aged 22 or 23, born Alroy Downs Father is Darky Allen, European. Mother is a F/B. Jeffrey - Halfcaste, age 6 years, born at Alroy Downs Father stated by mother to have been Jeffrey Nixon, contractor, now working at Brunchilly Station. Mother is Dinal Bullung-gullie F/B. Births and Deaths since last inspection Births Juliette Linboonda, born November 1951 Father is Tyson Goorongoodjie, 40 years Mother is Dora Ngungalumma, 20 years Jessie, born 18. 2.1952 Father is Avon Willie Bong On Allie Mother is Kitty Banga Brian, born 27. 7.1952 Father is Willie Culli Murong Oondu Mother is Mary Walladunn Deaths Name Pompey Culla-gona Age 60 years plus Date of Death 26. 6.1952 Place of Death Newcastle Waters Cause Unknown, but Dr Knowles diagnosed thrombosis more than 12 months ago Name Daisy Yooduminna Age About 50 years Date of Death July or August 1951 Place Died Brunette Downs Cause Unknown, but had been examined by Dr Knowles in Tennant Creeksome months previous to death Name Peter Wallaginong Age 27 years Date of Death 14. 3.1952 Place Died en route to Tennant Creek Hospital Cause Lung collapse Name Victor Bidbigarrie Age 45 years Date of Death 7. 3.1952 Place Died Tennant Creek Hospital Cause Fatty degeneration of the heart Census Male Female Total adults 15 13 Employed adults 15 6 Children 0 - 2 2 6 3 - 5 1 2 6 - 10 5 11 - 14 3 3 15 - 18 3 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 Employed adults 1 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ MACARTHUR RIVER STATION Owner / Manager : For details of Ownership, managership see Creswell Downs Inspection Date : 13th July, 1952 Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Status Bruce Munara 30 Married Diamond Kil Goo Moo 45 Married Fred Mungoo-oodgie 55 Married Jim Coondreari 22 Single Kingsley Warri-urumba 20 Single Napper Jibblee 22 Single Pharoah Low-low 60 Married Rivert Ungai-mudgie 50 Married Sambo Millimderri 28 Single Nero Wang-ar-owie 18 Single Whylo 18 Single Rankine Bull Bundgie 50 (terminated date unknown) Johnson Napoo-napoo Loonga 22 Single Joe Raggett Walla-ja-mutchie 25 Married John Balanda Mudgie 30 Married Brown Yunga-milling 30 Married Jacky Millie Woora Woora 26 Married King 20 Single Splinter Kiang Utch Bullie 20 Single Eileen Targilla 27 Single Judy Eemudgie Mudgie 55 Married Kathleen Main Jirivia 50 Married Mavis Warrar Gnelina 25 (now at Channel Island) Rations F S Raggetts, overseer is married to a full blood aboriginal woman Tommy Leigh, cook-saddler is married to a full blood aboriginal woman Rations for dependants and part time workers Part Time workers Yellow Fred Mungoo-oodgie and wife Maggie Win-yubba Diamond Kilgoomoo and wife Wobbling Oonaroo Rivert Ungai-mudgie and wife Nancy Warragindah Dependents Old Sidney Kiljuanurrie, 70 years Maggie Moodj-mananah, 73 years, widow Maudie Limburoo, 75 years, widow Roselyn Wyproongnallina, 35 years, cripple Annie Babinda, 75 years Children of John Balanda Mudgie and Elsie Bellimbimbah Hanry (eldest child, not claimed for), 9 years Bill, 8 years Ray, 6 years May, 4 years George, 2 years Infant Family Groups Name Frederick Sonny Raggetts 1/4C Position Overseer of MacArthur River Station Born 20.11.1913 Alice Springs Marriage 22. 8.1951 Wife Angeline (see under) Father Frederick Raggett Mother Hetty Cummings H/C Name Mrs F S Raggetts nee Angeline Wurrerreleena F/V Born 1929 Anthony's Lagoon Father Sydney Ulumby F/B Mother Kathleen Myangabeena F/B Children of the above are all 5/8C Ronnie, born about 15. 2.1948 MacArthur River Station Fred, born 26. 2.1952 MacArthur River Station Name Tommy Leigh, European Cook-Saddler Marriage Legal Wife Flora Loobom-binna F/B Children Nil Aboriginals Husband Brown Yunga Milling Wife Fanny Kathaway Children Nil Husband Bruce Munara Wife Jemima Weemulloo Children Nil Husband Diamond Kilgoomoo Wife Wobbling Oonaroo Children Nil Husband Fred Mungoo-oodgie Wife Maggie Winyubba Children Nil Husband Pharoah Low Low Wife Maggie Yunjoo Children Nil Husband Rivert Ungai Mudgie Wife Nancy Warragindah Children Sweeney, aged about 11 years, at Channel Island Husband Joe Wallaja Mutchie Wife Margaret Boodja Binna Children Jenoma (male), about 5 weeks old Husband John Balanda Mudgie Wife Elsie Bellimbimbah Children Henry, aged 9 years Bill, aged 8 years Ray, aged 6 years May, aged 4 years George, aged 2 years Infant Husband Lanson, at Channel Island Wife Eileen Targilla, de facto Children Jack Millingingie, 6 years Husband Old Sidney Kiljuanurrie Wife Kathleen Main Jivinia Children Nil Births and Deaths Births Father Joe Walla Ja Mutchie Mother Margaret Bloodja Binna Child Jenoma, born on or about 7. 6.1952 Father F S Raggetts Mother Mrs Raggetts Child Fred, born on 26. 2.1952 Father John Balanda Mudgie Mother Elsie Belimbimbah Child Unnamed, born on or about 15. 5.1952 Child Endowment There are no endowees at MacArthur. Those eligible are :- Margaret Bloodja Binna and one child Jenoma. Elsie Bellimbimbah, and six children for whom maintenance payments are being received. Itinerants The following persons were at MacArthur at the time of the inspection, but do not appear on the list of employees kept at Creswell Station. Young Sidney Tatapara Goonu, aged 20 years, stockman Old Sam Dumbah Dumbah and wife Judy Eemudjie-munnah Harry Wunnan-jerrie, aged 15 years Mable Loojam-birrina, widow, aged 40 years Topsy Janmilache and son Stephen James aged 15 months Coolibah Ambudgee-mudgie, aged 32 years, married to Ivy Coolunjerooba (Creswell) Sambo Nicki Nicki Wai-a-li, 30 years, stockman Census 30. 6.1952 Male Female Total adults 24 19 Employed adults 19 3 Children 0 - 2 4 1 3 - 5 1 1 6 - 10 4 11 - 14 15 - 18 1 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 Employed adults 1 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ CRESWELL DOWNS STATION and OUTSTATIONS MACARTHUR RIVER AND TANUMBIRINI Owner : Creswell - Estate of late Thomas Naughton MacArthur and Tanumbirini - Estate of late W M Naughton Manager : Mr F T McMahon manager of all three. Top Springs was previously considered an out station, but was closed down in May 1952 and employees transferred to MacArthur. Licence : F T McMahon, Manager C Prendergast, Head Stockman F S Raggetts, Overseer - MacArthur H Prendergast, Head Stockman MacArthur Reg Burgen, Overseer - Tanumbirini Inspection Date : MacArthur 13th July, 1952 Creswell 15th - 17th July 1952 Tanumbirini Not inspected Employees Name Aboriginal Name Age Status Archie Naragula 50 Single Davey Marring-ullie 32 Married Duncan Jogoreddi 40 Married Frank Guinnadongoonu 38 Single Fulche Yellyarramuch 55 Married Gilbert Maanula 38 Married (terminated 1. 3.1952) Henery 18 Single (commenced 10. 4.1952) Joe Clark H/C 20 Single Mookadie 40 Married Ned Tambardum 38 Married Nichol Bolowie 20 Single Paddy Munjuli 40 Married Paddy O'Keefe Madomaida 22 Single Ranji Jubiaar 55 Married Sidney Wia-a-mirri 25 Single (terminated 28. 4.1952) Snowy Conboona 38 Married Willie Muggayarra 45 Married Wilson Kunanggarongoonu 40 Married Mavis Yanbardar 15 Married (terminated 31. 1.1952) Big Lucy Gugain binna 35 Married (terminated 31. 3.1952) Maggie Allagungie 30 Married Mabel Bloodja 40 Married Dolly Bung Wunna 40 Single Clara Mung-orit-binna 35 Married Minnie Yogami 50 Single Jessie Tangah Idjah 30 Married (terminated 30. 4.1952) Alice Budgee Mulanga 35 Married (terminated 31. 3.1952) Dinah Gui Muringe 40 Single Maintenance of Dependants Tiger Mud-a-jung, 72 years, blind Fanny Wobah-a-bidgee, 77 years Liddy Wag-a-ling, 76 years Maryanne Pigimi, 78 years Annie Wai-a-midgee, 67 years, widow of deceased Banjo Flora Mugrumi, 71 years, deceased Family Groups Husband Duncan Jogoreddi Wife Maggie Alla Gungie Children Alec Ijirribi, 8 years Eric Mung Allie, 6 years Jacky Waitaragi, 4 years Husband Ned Tambardum Wife Little Lucy Terriji Children Gracie, born on or about 15. 2.1952 Husband Snowy Conboona Wife Jessie Tangar Idjah Children Thompson, 12 years Ivy, 9 years Husband Mookadie Wife Alice Budgee Mulanga Children Rosie, 10 years John, 6 years Sid 3 years Husband Dashwood Moodj-birri Wife Charlotte Dooging-allinga Children Henry, 4 years July, 2 years Married Couples without Children Davey Marring Ullie and Big Lucy Gugain Binna Paddy Munjuli and Mabel Bloodja Rangi Jubiaar and Dolly Bug-a-woo Wilson Kunang Garrong Oonu and Clara Mung Orit Binna Willie Mugga Yarra and Maudie Mudgera Fulche Yellyarramuch and Broken Leg Minnie Births and Deaths Births Name Gracie F/B Date of Birth 15. 2.1952 Place of Birth Creswell Downs Father Ned Tambardum Mother Little Lucy Terriji Deaths Biddy Laagai, died 16. 3.1951 Darby Arrie Bijiter, died 20. 3.1951 Bango Twol-a-gotie, died 12.11.1951 Dolly Gugi, died 5. 1.1952 Flora Mugrumi, died 16. 1.1952 Half-castes Joe Clark - This young man now aged 20 years, does not appear to have improved in any way. Aboriginal characteristics still predominate and he has just recently returned from walkabout. He lives and thinks as an aboriginal. Mr McMahon would be only too pleased to improve his conditions and increase his remuneration, providing he showed a little promise. The whole outlook of this lad is aboriginal and he shows neither initiative nor ambition to better his lot. Mr McMahon is to encourage him further to accept minor responsibilites, but holds out little hope of any success. Child Endowment Claims have not been submitted for :- Mookadie and Alice and 3 children, because these people are from the Robinson River and may soon be returning there. Snowy Conboona and Jessie and 2 children, because Snowy proved unsatisfactory and his services were terminated. He appears to be a wanderer and is continually searching for new positions all over the Tableland. Ned Tambardum and Little Lucy Terriji and infant, this is a case where there is one child only and under the Regulations is the responsibility of the Station for maintenance and welfare. School Children Census Male Female Total adults 18 14 Employed adults 16 6 Children 0 - 2 2 3 - 5 3 6 - 10 2 2 11 - 14 1 15 - 18 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 Employed adults 1 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ TANUMBIRINI STATION Owner / Manager : Mr R Burgen H/C On the 10th July 1952, the Manager and all employees were engaged in mustering on MacArthur Station. A visit was made to the stock camp on the 9th instant. The camp was then situated about seven miles from Borroloola. Employees (All Full Blood Aboriginal) Male Name Aboriginal Name Age Status Notes Ned Mullinin 70 years Single Wainyi Johnson Bunamerri 24 Single Wainyi Lindsay Lowera 18 Single ex Roper River Wingey Yirrama 23 Single ex Roper River Toby Wirri-rongoo 50 Married Kurawa Barney No-mi-in Betta 47 Married Wainyi Female (employed as camp cooks) Name Aboriginal Name Age Notes Minnie Ningoodoo 35 years Wainyi, wife of Toby Wirri-rongoo Kathleen Lumbungi 22 Alawa, wife of Barney No-mi-in Betta Maggie Yunanjoo 50 Kuarwa, wife of Pharoah The following employees are assisting and are from MacArthur Station, under the control of Mr Burgen. Name Aboriginal Name Age Status Notes Pharoah Nowalo 55 years Married Yanula Kingsley Gunderrirri 20 Single Yanula, son of Pharoah Arthur Bibi Yala Goonoo 26 Single Wainyi Sambo Milli Yin Dirri 24 Single Yanula Splinter Kai-a-ni-bulli 25 Married Yanula Napper Jirri Billi 22 Single Yanula Dependants at Tanumbirini Bob Wungundoo, 70 years, and wife Lena Jun-bung-na-lena, 60 years Part Aboriginals Name Reginald Burgen H/C Occupation Manager of Tanumbirini Station Age 34 years Date of Birth 26. 7.1919 Place of Birth Gallipoli Station Married Ellen Iris Burgen nee Kenny H/C Father Mick Burgen, deceased Mother Ivy F/B Children Gordon Reginald, born 22. 5.1941 Camooweal Queensland May Ellen, born 8. 7.1943 Cloncurry Queensland Horace Clive, born 23. 5.1945 Mt Isa Queensland Gwen Ivy, born 21.10.1947 Mt Isa Queensland Jeanette Patricia, born 21. 9.1949 Mt Isa Queensland Neville John, born 21. 5.1952 Mt Isa Queensland Name Ellen Iris Burgen H/C Occupation Age Date of Birth 26. 8.1925 Place of Birth Dalvon near Cloncurry, Queensland Married Reginald Burgen H/C Father Larry Kenny H/C, deceased Mother May Kenny H/C Children Gordon Reginald, born 22. 5.1941 Camooweal Queensland May Ellen, born 8. 7.1943 Cloncurry Queensland Horace Clive, born 23. 5.1945 Mt Isa Queensland Gwen Ivy, born 21.10.1947 Mt Isa Queensland Jeanette Patricia, born 21. 9.1949 Mt Isa Queensland Neville John, born 21. 5.1952 Mt Isa Queensland Notes Mrs Burgen was not sighted as she is in hospital at Mt Isa Census Male Female Total adults 8 3 Employed adults 7 2 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 1 1 Employed adults 1 Children 0 - 2 1 3 - 5 2 6 - 10 1 1 11 - 14 1 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ AILERON STATION Owner : F N Colson and Sons Manager : F N Colson Situation : 84 miles north of Alice Springs on the Stuart Highway Licence : F N Colson, No 1261, issued 29. 1.1952 W A Colson, No 1262, issued 29. 1.1952 A G Colson, No 1263, issued 29. 1.1952 Inspection Date : 29th January 1952 Employees (All Full Bloods, All Anmatjira) Name Aboriginal Name Age Occupation Status Louie Arrirjurija 60 years General Hand Married Tommy Amburrajugga 45 Stockman Married Teddy Chungala 30 Stockman Married Bruce Chubart 34 Stockman Married Young Louie Ungura 22 Stockman Single Harry Orrura 18 Stockman Single Johnny Ungua 40 Stockman Married Benny Oonamudja 28 Stockman Single Domestics Name Aboriginal Name Age Status Maggie Quaitja 29 years Married Katie 40 Married Junie Pandigoat 16 Single Family Groups Husband Old Louie Arrirjurija, 60 years Wife Mary, about 60 years Wife Lucy, about 25 years Children Judith, aged 3 years, born about July 1949, mother Lucy Colas, born 10.12.1951, mother Lucy Husband George Yirumbaba, about 70 years Wife Mary Nalyabit, about 40 years Wife Jean, about 30 years Children Georgina, 5 years Dave, 4 years Arthur, 18 months Notes Mother of children probably Jean Husband Eric Ijamba, about 33 years Wife Topsy Nambula, about 18 years Children Chrissie, 2 years Rosie, 4 months Husband Teddy Chungala, 30 years Wife Sarah, 20 years Children Winnie, born aout July 1950 Agnes, born 15.12.1951 Husband Aileron Jimmy Yoolagarra, about 55 years Wife Daisy, about 60 years Wife Fancy, about 25 years Children Agnes, 6 years (mother deserted, adopted by Fancy) Gordon, born August 1950, mother Fancy Childless Couples Husband Old Tommy Ngiringa, 70 years * Wife Ruby 36 years Husband Long Bob Hakea, 75 years * Wife Junie, 16 years Husband Old Billy Ungai, 75 years * Wife Old Nelly, 60 years Husband Bruce Chubart, 34 years Wife Maggie Quaitja, 29 years Aged and Infirm Lena Naambugulla, 60 years Old Polly, 70 years, blind Old Jinny, 70 years, mother of Bruce Old Molly, 65 years, mother of Johnny Nelly, 65 years, mother of Tarzan Bonny Kingalberra, 30 years, widow of Willie Conway (Chugar-di) deceased on or about 24. 1.1952 All of the above Aged and Infirm plus the three old men marked * under the sub heading 'Childless Couples', are eligible for maintenance as Dependants. Child Endowment Claimant Lucy Husband Old Louie Arrirjurija Children Judith, born 1. 7.1949 Colas, born 10.12.1951 Claimant Jean Husband George Yirumbaba Children Georgina, born 1. 9.1947 Dave, born 1.11.1948 Arthur, born 1. 2.1950 Claimant Sarah Husband Teddy Chungala Children Winnie, born 1. 7.1950 Agnes, born 15.12.1951 Claimant Fancy Husband Aileron Jimmy Yoolagarra Children Gordon, born 1. 8.1950 Note - Employee Johnny Ungura and his wife Katie are said to have three children. None of these people were sighted on inspection, but further enquiries will be made for endowment purposes at the earliest opportunity. Births and Deaths Colas, born 10.12.1951, parents Old Louie and Lucy Rosie, born 1.10.1951, parents Eric Ijamba and Topsy Nambula Agnes, born 15.12.1951, parents Teddy Chungala and Sarah Census Male Female Total adults 13 16 Employed adults 8 3 Children 0 - 2 2 5 3 - 5 1 2 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 15 - 18 Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults Employed adults Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ HENBURY STATION Owner : G W Pearce (resident) Manager : R W Shepherd Situation : SSW of Alice Springs - 83 miles on main Alice Springs - Adelaide Road Licence : G W Pearce, No 1257, issued 11.12.1951 R W Shepherd, No 1258, issued 11.12.1951 Inspection Date : 11.12.1951 Employees Part Aboriginal David (Sonny) Swan 1/4C, 55 years, Head Stockman, married Harry Forrester H/C, 42 years, general hand, married Kitty H/C, 55 years, domestic, single Ida Abbott H/C, 30 years, domestic, married Aboriginal Name Tribe Age Occupation Notes Chimney Aranda 55 years General Hand Widower William Aranda 40 Stockman Married Jacky Luritcha 26 Goat Shepherd Married Fogarty 7/8C Aranda 20 Stockman Single Leonard Aranda 35 Stockman Married Gordan 3/4C 30 Stockman Married Stanley 5/8C 20 Stockman Single Tim 3/4C 60 General Hand Married Brassy Aranda 20 Stockman Single Bobbie 7/8C 28 Stockman Married Arthur Luritcha 22 Stockman Married Corrigan Aranda 30 Stockman Married Laby Aranda 20 Stockman/General Hand Single Fred Aranda 65 Gardener Widower Dicky 5/8C 18 Stockman Single Note - All the above employees at Henbury are so sophicated that none of them can remember their aboriginal names. Molly Aranda 60 Domestic Married Susan 5/8C 19 Domestic Single Short Rosie Aranda 30 Domestic Single August 7/8C 20 Domestic Single Peggy Luritcha 25 Domestic Married Ivy 3/4C 30 Domestic Married Accomodation Hut occupied by Part-aboriginal Sonny Swan Single boys hut (three boys) Tim's hut Hut Number 1 Hut Number 2 Hut Number 3 Hut Number 4 Hut Number 5 Hut Number 6 Hut Number 7 Hut Number 8 Fred's Hut Schneider's Hut Family Groups Part Aboriginal Name Sonny (David) Swan 1/4C Occupation Head Stockman Age 53 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Horseshoe Bend Married De Facto wife Florrie F/B, Aranda, 45 years Father Gus Elliot, European, deceased Mother Lil. H/C, deceased Children Stanley 5/8C, 24 years, born Hermannsburg, employed Henbury Susan 5/8C, 21 years, born Henbury, employed Henbury Dicky 5/8C, 19 years, born Henbury, employed Henbury Ronnie 5/8C, 11 years, born Tempe Downs Annesley 5/8C, 8 1/2 years, born Hermannsburg, male Christabel 5/8C, 6 years, born Hermannsburg Kathleen 5/8C, 3 years, born Alice Springs Name Kitty H/C Occupation Age 55 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Idracowra Married Widow Father Chas Fenom, European, deceased Mother Old Jinny F/B, Aranda, deceased Children Nil Name Harry Forrester H/C Occupation Age 42 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Unknown Married De Facto to Mary 7/8C Father Mr Forrester, European Mother Unknown Children Ray, 2 years, born Henbury (father said to have been Corrigan, full blood making Ray also full blood.) Valda 3/4C, 8 years, born Henbury, father Harry Forrester Notes Harry Forrester was not sighted, and the above particulars were given by G W Pearce Full Bloods Name Tim 3/4C Occupation General Hand Age 60 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Idracowra Married Molly F/B, Aranda, 60 years Father Old Yankee F/B Mother Leisha H/C, deceased Children Bobbie, 28 years Mary, 26 years Vera, deceasded Fogarty, 21 years August (female), 19 years Name Gordan 3/4C Occupation Stockman Age 30 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Hermannsburg Married Ida 5/8C Father Jewel F/B, Aranda Mother Doris H/C, deceased Children Glanice or Glenis 3/4C, 10 years, born Angas Downs, female Barry or Perry, 7 years, male, born Henbury, father said to have been Bobby Draper, European. If this is correct then Barry is only 3/16th aboriginal. Ralph 3/4C, 4 years, male, born Hermannsburg Douglas 3/4C, 3 years, male, born Hermannsburg Name Ida 5/8C Occupation Age 30 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Idracowra Married Father Johnson Braedon H/C, deceased Mother Mowie 3/4C, deceased Children Glanice or Glenis 3/4C, 10 years, born Angas Downs, female Barry or Perry, 7 years, male, born Henbury, father said to have been Bobby Draper, European. If this is correct then Barry is only 3/16th aboriginal. Ralph 3/4C, 4 years, male, born Hermannsburg Douglas 3/4C, 3 years, male, born Hermannsburg Name Ivy 3/4C Occupation Age 30 years Date of Birth Place of Birth Idracowra Married To Corrigan F/B Father Old Yankee F/B Mother Leisha H/C Children Clem 7/8C, male, 4 years, born Henbury Daphne 7/8C, 18 months, fenale Name Bobbie (Armstrong) 7/8C Occupation Age 23 years Date of Birth Place of Birth Married Elsie F/B Father Mother Children Beaufort F/B, 2 years, born about June 1949 Henbury Name Jacky F/B Occupation Age Date of Birth Place of Birth Married Mary F/B Father Mother Children Nil Child Endowment Ida Abbott and 4 children Mrs David Swan and 4 children Elsie Armstrong and 1 child Ivy Elliott and 2 children Mary Forrester and 2 children Census Part Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 2 1 Employed adults 2 1 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 15 - 18 Aboriginal Male Female Total adults 16 12 Employed adults 16 7 Children 0 - 2 2 2 3 - 5 3 1 6 - 10 1 1 11 - 14 1 1 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ TEMPE DOWNS STATION Owner : Estate late F A Hince Manager : Joseph James O'Brien Situation : 143 miles by graded road S.W. of Alice Springs Licence : J J O'Brien, No 1259, issued 12.12.1951 T J O'Brien, No 1260, issued 12.12.1951 Inspection Date : 12th December 1951 Employees Part Aboriginal Jack Coulter H/C, 45 years, General Hand Aboriginal Name Tribe Age Occupation Notes Toby Luritcha 36 years Stockman Married Stanley Aranda 35 Stockman Single Mugget Luritcha 35 General Hand Married Alice Aranda 20 Domestic Married Emma Aranda 36 Domestic Deserted wife Family Groups Part Aboriginals Name Jack Coulter H/C Age 45 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Blood's Creek, South Australia Married De Facto wife Tilly F/B Father Bob Coulter, European, deceased Mother Minnie F/B Children Sid 3/4C, born 1. 2.1940 at Glen Helen Kevin 3/4C, born 21. 1.1946 at Mt Quin Milly 3/4C, born 2. 3.1947 at Mt Quin Aboriginals Name Toby Cuminji Tribe Luritcha Age 36 years Date of Birth Place of Birth Married Dolly, Luritcha, 18 years, born Tempe Downs Children Valerie F/B, born 1. 9.1949 at Henbury Name Nugget 7/8C Tribe Luritcha Age 35 years Date of Birth Place of Birth Hermannsburg Married Alice Father Mother Children Helen, born 1.11.1948 at Alice Springs Hen, born 5.12.1950 at Doctor's Stones Aged and Infirm Minnie, about 65 years, Coulter's mother Widgety Cundoonda, about 80 years, born Tempe Downs, Toby's father Jemima, about 70 years Gingewarra, about 90 years Jimmy the Pig, about 40 years, mentally affected but harmless Cowing, about 55 years Weetawarra, 60 years Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 5 9 Employed adults 3 2 Children 0 - 2 2 3 - 5 1 2 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 15 - 18 Part Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 1 Employed adults 1 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 _________________________________________________________________ ERLDUNDA STATION Owner / Manager : Mr S H Stanes Situation : 132 miles from Alice Springs (S) on main Alice Springs - Adelaide Road Licence : S H Stanes S G Stanes Alex Barney Applications made in Finke 21.10.1951. Not received yet. Inspection Date : 25th and 26th October 1951 Employees Part Aboriginal Gilpin Ward H/C, 45 years, general hand, married Kenny Forrester H/C, 45 years, stockman Chinaman Ted (Chong) Chinese / Aboriginal, 60 years, stockman, married Aboriginals Name Tribe Age Occupation Notes Yackidy Luritcha 42 years General Hand Married Bill Luritcha 55 Stockman Single Tiger Luritcha 16 Stockboy Single Tom Brady Luritcha 60 Stockman Married Neil Nginga Luritcha 22 Stockman Single Moomoo Luritcha 33 Stockman Married Percy Luritcha 29 Stockman Single Jimmy Luritcha 35 Stockman Married Note - Of all the above employees only Yackidy, Tom Brady and Chinaman Ted can be considered permanent. All the others are part time employees only and may work only for a few weeks or months at a time. Molly Aranda 60 Domestic Widow Nellie Luritcha 30 Domestic Single Topsy Luritcha 19 Domestic Single Note - In all cases where no native name is mentioned, the aborigine concerned cannot or will not give a tribal name. Credits of Employees Chinaman Ted Bill Tom Brady Yackidy Neil Nginga Family Groups Aboriginals Yackidy and Biddy Jimmy and Mabel Ngingula Moomoo and Dinnymia (Kulgera) Tom Brady Weenita and Legs Part Aboriginals Name Gilpin Ward H/C Tribe Age 45 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Unknown Father Mr Ward, European, Camel Driver Mother F/B, deceased Married Emmie F/B Children Name Kenny Forrester H/C Tribe Age 45 years Date of Birth Unknown Place of Birth Unknown Father W Forrester, European, deceased Mother F/B, deceased Married Single Children Name Chinaman Ted Chong Ch/Abo/Euro Tribe Age 60 years Date of Birth Place of Birth Not Known Father Chong, Chinese cook at Idracowra Mother Leisha H/C at Idracowra Married Maggie F/B, deceased Children John 5/8 Abo 1/4 Chinese 1/8 White, 18 years Hesche 5/8 Abo 1/4 Chinese 1/8 White, 12 years Nancy 5/8 Abo 1/4 Chinese 1/8 White, 8 years Mack 5/8 Abo 1/4 Chinese 1/8 White, 13 months Note - None of the above 'Part Aboriginals' was sighted. They are all at a stock camp, or on a fencing job. Native Camp Two or three family groups and their relations, to all intents and purposes nomads, sit down at Erldunda for the greater part of their lives. The men, with one exception, are able bodied, two of them are convicted persons (Wongwi and Boola*) and the group exists by the sale of dingo scalps and very occasionally a week or two in work, plus gambling and the hand outs they receive from Station employees. The Station refuses any responsibility fot these people, they have been hunted away, at times, but always return. They are all in good health and the women are fat, even those with babies. * = Spaller crossed out and replaced with Boola. Old Men Miaworra, 80 years, blind Waabaaba, not sighted, hunting Old Women Nginga Nginga, 65 years, wife of Shanks (Tempe Downs) Ngingoolda, 60 years Winya, 80 years, very old woman Single Women Kulgula, not sighted Coonjita, hunting Families Riley, (not sighted), not in locality Jesse Miora, about 32 years, Luritcha Jean, infant about 12 months Darby Tilyoonga, not sighted, hunting Nabalterrie, 40 years Daisy Bell, not sighted, hunting Louie, about 7 years Meatuga, female, about 4 years, not sighted Muringa, female, about 15 months Wongwi, about 38 years, Luritcha, son of Shanks Geboa, about 28 years, Luritcha Nola, about 16 months old Spaller Tabalterrie, about 30 years, Luritcha Kiu Kiu, about 25 years, Luritcha Willie, born about August 1950 Births Forms have been completed for the following Jean, age about 12 months, father Riley, mother Jesse Miora Muringa, female, age about 15 months, father Darby Tilyoonga, mother Nabalterrie Mola, age about 16 months, father Wongwi, mother Geboa Willie, age about 15 months, father Boola (Spaller crossed out), mother Kiu Kiu An incomplete form has been left with the Station people for Mack, 18 months old son of Chinaman Ted, for completion when convenient. _________________________________________________________________ UMBEARRA STATION (ADNANTA) Owner : Messrs Harris and Russell Manager : Mr W J Russell Situation : 35 miles east of Kulgera Station. The southern boundary of the holding is also the South Australian border. Licence : J W Russell, No 1528, issued 2. 7.1951 Mrs L W Hunter, No 1529, issued 2. 7.1951 Inspection Date :28th October 1951 Employees Nil _________________________________________________________________ MULGA PARK Owner : Fogarty Bros. Manager : Mr E Fogarty Situation : 260 miles SW of Alice Springs Licence : Issued at Elliott by Constable Stott Licesces were not sighted at the holding as the interview occurred away from the homestead Inspection Date : 8th November 1951 Employees Hector Darby Robin Murrell Spider Paddy Nugget Carogin Captain All the above came from Auvergne except Spider and Paddy who came from Maranboy. Census Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 8 Employed adults 8 _________________________________________________________________ CURTIN SPRINGS Owner / Manager : O C Andrew Situation : South west of Alice Springs - 220 miles Licence :O Andrew, No 990, issued 18. 9.1951 Inspection Date :7th November 1951 Employees Jimmy Sidai, 22 years, Luritcha, stockman, single Counterfoot, 19 years, Luritcha, stockman, single Max Mumbine, 21 years, Luritcha, stockman, single Census Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 3 Employed adults 3 _________________________________________________________________ ANGAS DOWNS STATION Owner : Arthur and Milton Liddle Manager : Milton Liddle Situation : 214 miles SW of Alice Springs via Erldunda Station, 196 miles via old Mt Quin Station. Licence : Milton Liddle, No 994, issued 4.10.1951 Arthur Liddle, No 995, issued 4.10.1951 Don Mack H/C, No 996, issued 4.10.1951 Inspection Date :10th November 1951 Employees Aboriginal Ingabad, 21 years, Pitjantjara, laundress and goat shepherd, commenced 27.10.1951 Part Aboriginal Don Mack H/C, 23 years, exempted, General Hand Rations Mentions the wife of the Manager, namely Polly Naabutt F/B. Aged and Infirm Chubagul, mother of employee Ingabad, 70 years Bayula, female, 55 - 60 years Guntjuminnie, male, 75 years All the above are Pitjantjara. Family Groups Name Milton Liddle 1/4C Age 38 years Date of Birth 23. 8.1915 Place of Birth Deep Well Father William Hurle Liddle, European Mother Mary Earwaker H/C Married De facto wife Polly Naabutt F/B, Alowara, aged about 28 years Children Robert 5/8C, born 6. 3.1939 Hatches Creek Anthony 5/8C, born 13. 9.1940 Hatches Creek Barbara 5/8C, born 23. 2.1942 Alice Springs Michael 5/8C, born 5.11.1944 Alice Springs Patricia 5/8C, born 5. 6.1946 Alice Springs Notes Robert and Anthony are living with their grandmother in Alice Springs and attending the Convent School. Barbara and Michael are boarding at the Convent. Patricia is at Angas Downs with her mother. The parents are anxious that she attend school next tear. Name Don Mack H/C Aboriginal / Italian, exempted Age 25 years Date of Birth About 1926 Place of Birth Harts Range Father Tony Leshio, Italian Mother Katie F/B, Bushy Park Married Single, but made recent application for marriage with Nellie F/B Notes Nellie is not now at Angas Downs, but despite urgent pleas to reconsider his plans regarding Nellie, Mack is still rather inclined to press his application. He uis to give a definite decision on his next visit to Alice Springs. Name Kevin H/C, infant Tribe Age 12 months Date of Birth On or about 10.12.1950 Place of Birth Angas Downs Station Father Said by mother to have been Kevin Ware of Curtin Springs Station Mother Ingabad F/B, about 21 years, Pitjantjara Aboriginals Father Said to be Kevin Ware, European, Curtin Springs Mother Ingabad F/B, about 21 years, Pitjantjara Child Kevin H/C, aged about 12 months General Comments Angas Downs Station is situated on the usual trade route for aborigines between Areyonga and Ernabella. This means that groups of natives are passing to and fro throughout the year in numbers up to 100 - men, women and children. They usually sit down for a few days at Angas Downs and quite a few of them are attended to for medical requirements. It is considered that quantities of necessities for this purpose should be supplied to the owners of Angas Downs. The owners of the Station are trying hard to establish the holding but have had many useless or inferior bores put down. Even the water supply at the present proposed homestead site is not suitable at the moment. Finances are handled by agents (Bennett and Fisher) and the owners are limited in their spending capacity. Until the Station is more firmly on its feet than at present very little was to be expected in the way of total compliance with the Regulations, but the owners are sympathetic in their attitude to the provisions. Census Full Blood Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 2 Employed adults 2 Children 0 - 2 1 3 - 5 1 2 6 - 10 1 11 - 14 15 - 18 Part Aboriginals Male Female Total adults 1 4 Employed adults 2 Children 0 - 2 3 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 14 15 - 18 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________