Patrol Report, W MacDougall and R Macaulay, 10 August 1960

Narional Archives of Australia Canberra Office A6456 R136/007 Patrol Report, W MacDougall and R Macaulay, 10 August 1960 Woomera, SA 10 August 1960 Superintendent Woomera, SA Patrol 15th June - 31st July, 1960 International 20 cwt utility 4 x 4 No. C90148 used. 6161 miles travelled. 560 gallons petrol used. This patrol included the inspection of Central Reserves and North South Australia by the Hon. G Pearson, Minister for Works and Aboriginal Welfare in South Australia. Report on South Australian Ministerial Native Welfare Inspection of Central Reserves and North South Australia by NPO Macaulay (File 56/314 20th July, 1960, folio 194) covers from 22nd June to 6th July, 1960. After travelling with the Min- ister and party to Marree I returned to the Central Reserve via Ood- nadatta. ASSISTANCE FOR KALGOOLIE POLICE, WESTERN AUSTRALIA Prior to the arrival of the Minister at Giles, Kalgoolie Police requested help in discovering Frank McLean, a native alleged to have unlawfully killed another native at Warburton Mission on Monday 6th June. On Monday 20th June, I transported 44 gallons of petrol From Giles to Blackstone for the Police Party. Monday 11th July, tracks of a small party of natives seen travelling towards Wingellina. One was wearing boots. Reported to Kalgoolie Police, through BW, that I believed it to be Frank McLean's party. Monday 18th July, saw tracks of McLean's party at Wingellina. Saw Frank and his sister at Mt Davies. Frank willing to give himself up. I advised Kalgoolie through BW and asked for instructions. No further advice was received from Kalgoolie. I stressed the importance of waiting until the Police arrived to Frank McLean. Subsequently the Oodnadatta Police escorted him to Port Augusta. He was handed over to Kalgoolie Police on Wednesday 3rd August. CENTRAL RESERVE I arrived back on the Reserve on Sunday 10th July. ABORIGINES Mt Davies Tommy Dodd (half-caste) and Peter are acting as caretakers here for the Mines Department. Peter's wife is included in this arrange- ment. Mr Mirims intends leaving Peter in charge of a vehicle for carting water during the absence of all white men during September. Jack, three wives and many children camped west of bore. Pompy and friend also camped west of bore. These men are from Ernabella and are to prepare kangaroo ground for ceremony. Frank McLean, wanted for unlawful killing, his father, his father's two wives, and his sister, are all at the same camp. Rawlinson Ranges Twenty natives thirty miles east of Giles Met. Camp. I collected 16 scalps and made an appointment to meet them in September at Walter James Ranges. The young men of this group asked for work at Giles. All expressed a desire to go to Areyonga where they had heard there was an abundance of flour, tea and sugar. Jackie (Taki), two wives, and four children - one a few weeks old - were seen hunting adjacent to Mural Crescent. I transported this family to Lake Christopher where there are some rabbits. Angus Downs Thirty natives were seen camped near tourist road with articles for trade. They lined the road waving objects to attract attention. Curtin Springs Fifteen in camp close to homestead. Ayers Rock Two men, three women, and five children were seen. One woman was working at the Tourist Camp. She claimed to be the elder sister to Girl at Rawlinson Ranges. She expressed a desire to rescue her poor relations still existing in the bush, and persuade them to go to Areyonga. No other signs of natives seen in this area. Mulga Park A few natives were seen on new station by-pass road waving articles for trade. Ernabella Most of these people have gone on to the Reserve on their annual dingo pup hunt. Approximately twenty left on the Mission establishment. Officer Creek Large numbers were seen on this Creek. All were from Ernabella on annual walkabout. Approximately 200. Everard Park Five natives were seen. I understand the new owner intends using native stockmen. Ammaroodinna Creek One native seen with three well loaded camels. He was in charge of swag transport for a number of natives on dingo hunt and ceremonia intentions. De Rose Hill Thirty natives. Workers and relations. Perinti Bore Twelve natives. Workers and relations. Wallatinna Byron Lennon (white man) and his wife (lubra) are caretaking here for Mr Davies of Granite Downs. The Bank requires a spoken pass word as well as her printed name for Mrs Lennon to operate her account. Indulkanna was decided on. Coober Pedy Jimmy, his wife and daughter requested transport to Coober Pedy. One old man remained. Trading Natives camped near Alice Springs - Ayres Rock tourist road on Angus Downs, on approach of a vehicle, line each side of the road waving such articles as shields, wooden dishes, and woomeras, with the object of attracting the tourist attention. A tourist, when questioned, stated that the things he had bought were well made and were worth what the natives had asked for them, but that he had secured some dozen articles for half what they had originally asked for them. For instance - (a) 10/- was asked for a shield, but 5/- accepted. (b) 4/- was asked for a wooden dish, he paid 2/-. This is exploitation of the fact that the native will sell such things as his spears and woomera to relieve his present desire for white man commodities, not fully realising that he must then spend long hours making new ones before he can secure his natural meat. This tendency to satisfy immediate desires at any cost in time and work, seems to be increasing as the opportunity of trade increases. From enquiries made, it would appear that the natives are asking for what they actually get for similar articles at the Ernabella Mission craft room. It is almost impossible to police any regulations that may be in force in regard to trading, therefore it is urgent that the native be taught not to accept less than a fair price for his articles. Nowina Several years ago, after a fight at Giles, this man was sent to Alice Springs Hospital by NPO Macaulay. After treatment he was returned to his wife and family at Giles, with a stiff leg. Some months ago Mr Macaulay sent his youngest child to Alice Springs Hospital where it died of malnutrition. On the request of the Hospital Authorities, Mr Macaulay trans- ported Nowina, his wife, Malguia, and child Kam:i to Alice Springs, and arranged for them to be returned to Rawlinson Range by air after a medical check up. Native Welfare Department, in discussion with Superintendent Ernabella Mission, decided it would be easier to return this family by train and truck via that Mission. I received a telegram, through BW, that they had been sent to Papunya. On visiting the Native Welfare Department at Alice Springs. and having finally established the identity of the family, I discovered that they are now at Papunya, that Nowina is at present employed there, that they have relations there, and that they are quite content to stay there. Relatives, still in the Rawlinson Ranges, know this, or have guessed it, and it has increased their desire for an easier living available at a Gov- ernment feeding station, or Mission. Hunting Fires and Tracks Reported Frome Broken Hill employees reported, through Giles personnel, that they had seen tracks of men, women and children, 100 miles north of Mt Everard which is situated at Lon. 125 deg 15 min E and Lat 25 deg 45 min S. Hunting fires were also seen in this area. Mr Beadell spoke of smoke seen in the vicinity of the Bonython Range at approximately Long 128 deg 55 min E and Lat 23 deg 50 min S. Food and Water Supplies Although the Reserve country is in very good condition, food and water supplies are by no means at a peak. Most of the small temporary water supplies have dried up which necessitates a return to semi-permanent and permanent supplies. Rabbits A large percentage of rabbit warrens are inactive, and the inhabited ones are not showing a large population. Kangaroos Because of the good rains the kangaroos have scattered throughout the country and are not concentrated on especially good feed areas. This increased the difficulty of the hunter. Vegetable Foods Most of the soft varieties of fruit have dried up and disappeared. Adequate seed and root foods remain. Tobacco Pitjiri is super abundant in the northern part of the Reserve, but scarcer than average in the south. Eggs Both small and large birds' eggs are plentiful, but there are no reptile eggs. Giles Met. Camp The new Officer in Charge is strict in all things concerning natives. A native is rarely seen in the vicinity. Ceremonies Keen interest in ceremonies is apparent this year. Prepara- tions are in progress in three different areas, Mt Davies, Mt Lindsay, and Officer Creek. Statement by Frank McLean 'This man was chasing my sister Isabel. At the time of the trouble I was working at the Mission all day. After work had finished I came along, had tea and supper and went to bed. Harry Simpson started growling at we lot about my sister and I get up and I come along and throw a spear to Harry and he throw a spear to me and I came along and I want to try to Then me and him have a go me and Harry and he come along and spear me first and I turn around and spear him only one that is all He been all right that night.' SUMMARY 6161 miles travelled. Successful and informative trip by the Hon G Pearson and his party. Assistance given to WA Police - not very satisfactory arrangement as once they have got what they want, all communication from them ceases. Natives at Rawlinson Ranges have adequate food supplies, but not a great abundance. They are rarely seen at Giles. Men asking for work at Giles. As usual, Warburton Mission Natives are effectually using the Reserve. Ernabella Mission natives are moving on to the Reserve for their usual dingo pup hunt and for ceremonial activity. Man wanted for unlawful killing is more afraid of his own people than the Police. Gave himself up at Mt Davies. The tendency towards acceptance of almost anything for his weapons and utensils is being exploited by tourists on the Alice Springs - Ayres Rock road. The new owner of Everard Park, Mr D Joselyn, apparently intends using native stockmen. This means the return of some Everard Range natives to that range. Nowina and family sent from Giles to Alice Springs now established at Papunya. Seems to be contented. Signs of natives reported north-west and north-east of Giles. W B MacDougall Native Patrol Officer 10th August, 1960 R Macaulay Native Patrol Officer