A World of Relationships Itineraries, Dreams, and Events in the Australian Western Desert

A World of Relationships Itineraries, Dreams, and Events in the Australian Western Desert Sylvie Poirier University of Toronto Press 2005 About Balgo Hills and Yagga Yagga Outstation. Text extracts are quoted in italics. Copyright Paul Mackett 2006 (1) Acknowledgments (page ix) Muntja Nungurrayi Bye Bye Napangarti Mindi Napanangka Balba Napangarti Nancy Napanangka Freeda Napanangka Njammi Napangarti Patricia Lee Napangarti Ivi Napangarti Doreen Nampitjin Dora Nungurrayi Elsie Nungurrayi Margaret Napurrula Dora Napaltjarri Butja Butja Napangarti Sunfly Tjampitjin Moskito Tjapangarti Donkeyman Tjupurrula Larry Loddi Tjupurrula Jimmy Flatnose Tjampitjin Thomas Galova Tjapangarti Mark Moora Tjapangarti John Lee Tjakamarra Kenny Gibson Bumblebee Tjapanangka Mick Tjakamarra Among these people, many elders (men and women both) passed away during the 1990s. It is to these elders and their kin that I dedicate this book. Since Aboriginal Law forbids the use of the names of the deceased for an indeterminate period after their deaths, many of the names listed above will not appear elsewhere in this book. Where I recount the experiences and the stories told to me, the tellers will be designated only by their subsections. (2) Yagga Yagga 1987 - 1988 (pages 105 - 106) In 1987-8, about thirty people lived at Yagga Yagga. This is certainly a larger number of people than the traditional 'band' would have had; although, in the period of traditional nomadism, it possibly could rep- resent the annual gathering of families around a major source of water at the end of the dry season. The Yagga Yagga outstation is also a good example of how a large residential group can comprise men and women derived from different local groups. Below is a list of the vari- ous camps of the outstation (numbered from 1 to 10), and their mem- bers. Two men, brothers-in-law and the main protagonists of the outstation, have already been mentioned in the previous chapter: Moora Tjapangarti, a Kukatja / Ngarti, then in his forties and Sunfly Tjampitjin, a prominent Law man, a Kukatja / Pintupi / Warlpiri from Murungpa (Alec Ross Range), then in his sixties. Tjapangarti's father, Wanmall Tjapamamgka, who died at the old mission, was from Mungkayi (Stansmore Range). Among Wanmall's children (he had two wives), four were living at Yagga Yagga with their old mother. Tjampitjin's father, Marrakurru Tjangala, was from the Lake Mackay area. 1. Sunfly Tjampitjin (a ritual leader), his second wife, Bye Bye Napangarti (Wanmall's daughter), about twenty years his junior, and two of their five children. Napangarti's ancestral connections were all in the Mungkayi area. 2. Moora Tjapangarti, his wife Nampitjin, and their three children, Nampitjin was Walmatjari. She was conceived near Billiluna; her mother's country was Paruku (Lake Gregory), and her father came from around the Canning Stock Route. 3. Galova Tjapangarti, Moora's elder brother, his wife, Nungurrayi, and their eight children. A prominent Law man, Galova was also the first chairman of Yagga Yagga, a position he held for a number of years. He claimed affiliations to Yunpu (from his mother), Lintapurru (from his father), and Piparr. His wife came from the Canning Stock Route region. 4. Jimmy Flatnose Tjampitjin (a ritual leader), his wife Njamme Napangarti (Wanmall's daughter), and their eight children. Jimmy Tjampitjin was one of the main custodians for Piparr. He had also a number of children from a previous marriage, some of whom came to live at Yagga Yagga in the 1990s. Njamme Napangarti's conception site was Kunakurlu, forty kilometres south of Yagga Yagga. 5. Yundu Tjampitjin, Sunfly's brother, and his partner, Balba Napangarti. Balba was from Yunpu, in Kakatja / Wangkatjunga country; Yundu came from the Lake Mackay area. Balba was Sunfly's first wife; she was childless. As for Yundu, he was first married to another of Wanmall's daughters, Linda Napangarti. They had a child together before she decided to leave him for Jimmy Flatnose's brother (who died in the early 1980s). 6. Bandji Napurrula, Wanmall's wife (Moora, Galova, and Bye Bye's mother), then the oldest inhabitant of Yagga Yagga. Yunpu was one of her main ancestral connections. 7. Sunfly's brother, Sam Tjampitjin, a widower (he had no children). 8. Moora's mother-in-law, Elsie Nungurrayi, and her two husbands. Quite an unusual situation, this woman was living with her two husbands: an elderly man, father of her children, and a younger husband. Her first husband, Kanarri Tjangala, was Walmatjari. They had lived at Fitzroy crossing for a number of years. Tjangala accepted his wife's second union, but according to the Law he could have opposed it if he had wished to. 9. Nanyuma Napurrula, the younger sister of Bandji, and her second husband, Bob Dingle (his mother was Sunfly's sister). She was Kukatja / Wangkatjunga, claiming affiliations with Yunpu and Mungkayi; he was Kukatja / Pintupi, from the Lake Mackay area. Both were very active in ritual matters. They had one daughter together, and other children from their first unions. 10. Mutji Tjangala, his wife, and their six boys. Mutji's wife was Nungurrayi's half-sister (camp 3). Born near the Canning Stock Route, Mutji also had close connections with the country south of Mungkayi towards Lake Mackay. His wife and her half-sister had lost their parents quite young. They had not maintained real ties with their own country near the Canning Stock Route, and so they strongly identified with the countries of their respective husbands. _______________________________________________________________________